Table 2-20: Occupant and Nonmotorist Fatalities in Crashes by Number of Vehicles and Alcohol Involvement (AI)

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  1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (P) 2011
Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal AI Fatal Al Fatal Al Fatal Al Fatal Al Fatal Al Fatal Al
TOTAL fatalities 43,825 23,167 44,599 22,587 41,508 20,159 39,250 18,290 40,150 17,908 40,716 17,308 41,817 17,732 42,065 17,749 42,013 16,711 41,501 16,673 41,717 16,572 41,945 17,380 42,196 17,400 43,005 17,524 42,884 17,105 42,836 16,919 43,510 17,590 42,708 17,738 41,259 17,158 37,423 15,449 33,883 14,179 32,999 13,323 32,367 13,155
AI as a percent of total fatalities   52.9   50.6   48.6   46.6   44.6   42.5   42.4   42.2   39.8   40.2   39.7   41.4   41.2   40.7   39.9   39.5   40.4   41.5   41.6   41.3   41.8   40.4   40.6
Motorist fatalities, TOTAL 36,043 19,271 37,134 18,953 34,740 16,918 32,880 15,301 33,574 14,857 34,318 14,437 35,291 14,796 35,695 14,830 35,725 14,051 35,382 13,896 35,875 13,958 36,348 14,834 36,440 14,708 37,375 14,954 37,341 14,544 37,304 14,376 37,646 14,861 36,956 14,959 35,701 14,487 32,103 12,962 28,995 11,884 27,889 11,033 27,060 10,678
Single-vehicle crashes 17,130 10,882 18,159 11,162 17,280 10,208 15,958 9,045 15,932 8,761 15,997 8,330 16,732 8,868 16,723 8,781 16,529 8,244 16,666 8,417 17,075 8,516 17,471 8,964 17,753 8,973 18,600 9,238 18,261 8,957 18,353 8,875 18,820 9,206 18,890 9,376 18,472 9,246 17,121 8,554 15,412 7,780 14,609 7,060 14,264 7,037
Two-vehicle crashes 16,467 7,296 16,262 6,676 15,025 5,821 14,449 5,341 15,161 5,205 15,664 5,219 15,744 5,017 15,935 5,084 16,218 4,904 15,742 4,638 15,726 4,562 15,758 4,854 15,618 4,739 15,628 4,744 15,905 4,652 15,816 4,568 15,681 4,657 15,070 4,622 14,349 4,313 12,648 3,684 11,483 3,456 11,222 3,332 10,840 3,049
More than two-vehicle crashes 2,446 1,093 2,713 1,115 2,435 888 2,473 916 2,481 891 2,657 888 2,815 911 3,037 965 2,978 904 2,974 841 3,074 880 3,119 1,016 3,069 996 3,147 972 3,175 935 3,135 933 3,145 999 2,996 961 2,880 929 2,334 723 2,100 648 2,058 641 1,956 592
Nonmotorist fatalities, TOTAL 7,782 3,896 7,465 3,634 6,768 3,241 6,370 2,989 6,576 3,051 6,398 2,870 6,526 2,936 6,368 2,919 6,288 2,660 6,119 2,777 5,842 2,614 5,597 2,547 5,756 2,693 5,630 2,571 5,543 2,561 5,532 2,543 5,864 2,729 5,752 2,779 5,558 2,670 5,320 2,487 4,888 2,295 5,110 2,290 5,307 2,477
Pedestrians fatalities, total 6,808 3,574 6,482 3,264 5,801 2,891 5,549 2,721 5,649 2,736 5,489 2,578 5,584 2,607 5,449 2,593 5,321 2,350 5,228 2,463 4,939 2,314 4,763 2,254 4,901 2,371 4,851 2,293 4,774 2,282 4,675 2,246 4,892 2,360 4,795 2,401 4,699 2,334 4,414 2,168 4,109 1,997 4,302 2,033 4,432 2,166
Pedestrians, single-vehicle crashes 6,342 3,278 5,990 2,966 5,302 2,588 5,099 2,454 5,180 2,464 5,027 2,308 5,110 2,364 5,024 2,358 4,876 2,112 4,801 2,228 4,516 2,074 4,340 2,015 4,480 2,123 4,445 2,069 4,310 2,036 4,237 2,003 4,445 2,100 4,332 2,138 4,305 2,110 4,006 1,930 3,749 1,804 3,701 1,746 3,831 1,858
Pedestrians, multiple-vehicle crashes 466 297 492 298 499 303 450 267 469 271 462 270 474 243 425 235 445 239 427 235 423 240 423 239 421 248 406 223 464 246 438 243 447 260 463 264 394 224 408 237 360 193 601 287 601 308
Pedalcyclists fatalities, total 890 283 859 314 843 306 723 228 816 279 802 262 833 290 765 265 814 252 760 268 754 271 693 247 732 282 665 243 629 235 727 255 786 308 772 311 701 281 718 265 628 249 623 211 677 255
Pedalcyclists, single-vehicle crashes 864 271 832 301 815 296 690 211 792 264 781 252 807 279 739 253 788 244 736 259 718 253 668 236 709 271 628 229 596 218 698 242 757 292 732 292 673 270 690 249 598 234 597 197 643 236
Pedalcyclists, multiple-vehicle crashes 26 13 27 14 28 9 33 17 24 15 21 10 26 11 26 12 26 8 24 9 36 17 25 10 23 12 37 14 33 17 29 13 29 15 40 19 28 11 28 15 30 15 26 14 34 18
Others/unknown 84 38 124 57 124 45 98 39 111 37 107 31 109 39 154 61 153 58 131 47 149 29 141 46 123 39 114 36 140 44 130 41 186 62 185 67 158 56 188 55 151 49 185 46 198 56

KEY: AI = Alcohol involvement; Fatal = fatalities; P = priliminary.

NOTES

Alcohol involvement pertains to any driver, pedestrian, or pedalcyclist involved in the accident. Alcohol results are determined from positive blood alcohol concentration tests and police-reported alcohol involvement and are adjusted by the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

In 2001, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) adopted a new method, i.e., multiple imputation, to estimate missing blood alcohol concentration (BAC) test result data. This new method is being used by NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA) to improve the scope of alcohol involvement statistics by the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). As a result, alcohol involvement fatalities have undergone a complete revision.

The sum of individual categories may not add to totals because NCSA generates a separate estimate for each category of fatalities, including total fatalities. The estimates are rounded to the nearest whole number.

The total motorist and nonmotorist fatalities data in this table are not comparable to total motorist and nonmotorist fatality data in other NTS tables that cite the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Traffic Safety Facts publication as a source.

SOURCES

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Database, personal communications, Sept. 6, 2006, Dec. 9, 2008, Oct. 20, 2009, Nov. 22, 2010, Jun. 7, 2012, and May 22, 2013.