Table 2-23: Truck Occupant Safety Data

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  1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (R) 2011 2012
Fatalities, total 5,817 8,748 7,666 9,306 9,052 8,683 9,116 9,574 10,216 10,553 10,972 11,447 12,024 12,280 12,431 12,963 13,272 13,440 13,841 13,566 13,263 11,498 10,811 10,312 9,942 10,093
Light 4,856 7,486 6,689 8,601 8,391 8,098 8,511 8,904 9,568 9,932 10,249 10,705 11,265 11,526 11,723 12,274 12,546 12,674 13,037 12,761 12,458 10,816 10,312 9,782 9302 9396
Large 961 1,262 977 705 661 585 605 670 648 621 723 742 759 754 708 689 726 766 804 805 805 682 499 530 640 697
Injured persons, total N N N 546,966 590,632 578,435 632,976 661,619 752,840 794,238 785,733 791,273 879,757 917,398 889,951 905,580 915,941 927,458 899,421 879,711 864,765 791,357 (R) 775,828 752,808 750,967 787,898
Light N N N 505,144 562,601 544,657 600,874 631,411 722,496 761,478 754,820 762,506 846,865 886,566 860,527 879,338 889,048 900,171 872,137 856,896 841,451 768,410 759,258 733,117 728307 762479
Large N N N 41,822 28,031 33,778 32,102 30,208 30,344 32,760 30,913 28,767 32,892 30,832 29,424 26,242 26,893 27,287 27,284 22,815 23,314 22,947 16,569 19,691 22661 25419
Trucks involved in crashes, total N N N 2,783,790 2,809,232 2,853,008 3,139,148 3,411,681 3,568,039 3,756,475 3,834,512 3,804,821 4,151,373 4,307,749 (R) 4,347,626 (R) 4,422,611 (R) 4,515,772 4,569,999 4,592,846 4,541,159 (R) 4,605,280 4,342,509 4,246,050 4,051,017 3,911,979 4,143,373
Light N N N 2,398,554 2,478,615 2,477,004 2,742,381 2,951,271 3,190,588 3,362,679 3,396,843 3,393,168 3,676,614 3,851,074 3,918,129 3,988,233 4,059,142 4,153,959 4,151,294 4,156,352 4,191,788 3,962,902 3,950,130 3,775,316 3,624,587 3,810,113
Large N N N 385,236 330,617 376,004 396,767 460,410 377,451 393,796 437,669 411,653 474,759 456,675 429,498 434,377 456,629 416,040 441,552 384,807 413,493 379,607 295,920 275,701 287,392 333,260
Vehicle-miles (millions), total 285,604 403,966 512,283 701,901 745,467 795,781 835,241 881,731 928,127 970,226 1,016,373 1,058,331 1,103,355 1,145,739 1,182,329 1,225,362 1,260,320 1,317,910 1,355,087 1,379,210 1,440,539 1,416,562 1,411,215 1,427,267 1,548,154 1,554,930
Light 204,274 295,475 388,779 555,659 595,924 642,397 675,353 711,515 749,971 787,255 824,896 861,951 900,667 940,219 973,401 1,010,759 1,042,444 1,097,099 1,132,564 1,156,697 1,136,361 1,105,882 1,122,909 1,140,740 1,280,560 1,286,612
Large 81,330 108,491 123,504 146,242 149,543 153,384 159,888 170,216 178,156 182,971 191,477 196,380 202,688 205,520 208,928 214,603 217,876 220,811 222,523 222,513 304,178 310,680 288,306 286,527 267,594 268,318
Rates per 100 million vehicle-miles                                                    
Fatalities                                                    
Light 2.4 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7
Large 1.2 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Injured persons                                                    
Light N N N 90.9 94.4 84.8 89.0 88.7 96.3 96.7 91.5 88.5 94.0 94.3 88.4 87.0 85.3 82.1 77.0 74.1 74.0 69.5 67.6 64.3 56.9 59.3
Large N N N 28.6 18.7 22.0 20.1 17.7 17.0 17.9 16.1 14.6 16.2 15.0 14.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.3 10.3 7.7 7.4 5.7 6.9 8.5 9.5
Trucks involved in crashes                                                    
Light N N N 432 416 386 406 415 425 427 412 394 408 410 403 395 389 379 367 359 369 358 352 331 283 296
Large N N N 263 221 245 248 270 212 215 229 210 234 222 206 202 210 188 198 173 136 122 103 96 107 124

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised.

NOTES

Large trucks - trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks - trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles. The injury and crash data in this table are from the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) General Estimates System (GES). The data from GES, which began operation in 1988, are obtained from a nationally representative probability sample selected from all police-reported crashes. The GES sample includes only crashes where a police accident report was completed and the crash resulted in property damage, injury, or death. The resulting figures do not take into account crashes that were not reported to the police or that did not result in property damage.

Vehicle-miles in this table and in table 2-19 are taken from NHTSA revised data and are not based exclusively on USDOT, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) data, as they have been in earlier reports. The change was made to reflect the different vehicle classification schemes used by FHWA and NHTSA. Thus, Vehicle-miles for passenger cars and Light and Large trucks in table 2-19 and this table should not be compared with Vehicle-miles in Chapter 1, which are taken directly from FHWA.

Rates per 100 million vehicle-miles figures may not match those in the source data due to rounding by the source. The category Trucks involved in crashes, total, is not comparable to the category Crashes, that appeared in this table in 2008 and previous editions.

SOURCE

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Database and General Estimates System (NASS GES) Database, personal communications, May 15, 2012, May 22, 2013, June 20, 2014.