Table 2-30: Safety Belt and Motorcycle Helmet Use (percent) (a)

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  1994 1996 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
OVERALL Safety Belt Use 58 61 69 67 71 73 75 79 80 82 81 82 83 84 85 84 86 87
Drivers 59 62 70 67 72 74 76 80 81 83 82 83 84 85 86 84 87 88
Passengers 55 59 65 64 68 72 73 77 76 78 78 81 81 82 83 82 84 85
Passenger carsb 63 65 71 70 74 76 77 81 81 83 82 84 84 86 86 85 87 88
Drivers 64 65 72 71 75 77 78 U U U U U U U U U U U
Passengers 59 62 68 66 70 74 74 U U U U U U U U U U U
Light trucksb,c 50 56 66 62 68 69 73 U U U U U U U U U U U
Drivers 51 58 67 62 69 70 73 U U U U U U U U U U U
Passengers 49 53 61 60 65 69 72 U U U U U U U U U U U
Vans and sport utility vehiclesc U U U U U U U 83 83 85 84 86 86 87 88 87 89 90
Pickup trucksc U U U U U U U 69 70 73 74 72 74 74 75 74 77 78
Motorcycle Helmet Used 63 64 67 U 71 U 58 U 58 48 51 58 63 67 54 66 60 60
Riders (Operators) 67 66 64 U 72 U 59 U 63 56 57 59 64 69 55 67 63 62
Passengers 54 58 84 U 62 U 48 U 41 29 33 56 54 55 51 64 46 50

KEY: U = data are unavailable.

a Seat belt use is as of the Fall each year except in 1999 (December), 2001 (June), 2002 (June), 2003 (June), 2004 (June), 2005 (June). Motorcycle helmet use is as of the Fall each year except in 1996 (January), 2002 (June), 2004 (June), and 2005 (June).

b Beginning in 2003, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) no longer computes an overall light truck belt use estimate. Instead, belt use is computed separately for motorists in: (1) vans and sport utility vehicles, and (2) pickup trucks. Additionally, NHTSA no longer reports separate statistics for passengers and drivers, except at the overall level.

c Includes pickup trucks, vans, minivans, and sport utility vehicles.

d In 1994, Riders (Operators) and Passengers were counted as helmeted if wearing any type of helmet. Since then, only those Riders (Operators) and Passengers wearing safety helmets that met U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) standards were counted. Those safety helmets that do not meet DOT standards were treated as if the operator/rider were not wearing a helmet.

NOTE

Occupants of commercial and emergency vehicles are excluded.

SOURCES

Safety belt use:

1994-2002: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Safety Belt and Helmet Use in 2002 -- Overall Results, DOT HS 809 500 (Washington, DC: 2002), table 1, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/809500.PDF as of June 24, 2009.

2003: Ibid., Safety Belt Use in 2003, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 809 646 (Washington, DC: 2003), available at http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/airbags/809646.pdf as of June 24, 2009.

2004: Ibid., Safety Belt use in 2005Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 809 932 (Washington, DC: 2005), available at http://www.westernite.org/Sections/sbr/articles/Seatbelt-usage.pdf as of June 24, 2009.

2005-06: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2006Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 810 677 (Washington, DC: 2006), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/810677.PDF as of June 24, 2009.

2007: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2008Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 036 (Washington, DC: 2008), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811036.PDF as of June 24, 2009.

2008: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2009Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 100 (Washington, DC: 2009), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811100.PDF as of July 6, 2010.

2009: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2010–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 378 (Washington, DC: 2010), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811378.pdf as of Sept. 2010.

2010: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2011–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 544 (Washington, DC: 2011), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811544.pdf as of December. 2011.DC: 2010.

2011-12: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2012–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 691(Washington, DC: 2012), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811691.pdf as of April 2013.

2013: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2013–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 875(Washington, DC: 2014), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811875.pdf as of June 2014.

Motorcycle helmet use:

1994-98: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Research Note, Observed Safety Belt Use in 1998 (Washington, DC: September 1999), table 3, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/RNotes/1999/98obbelt.html as of January 2003.

2000, 2002: Ibid., Safety Belt and Helmet Use in 2002 -- Overall Results, DOT HS 809 500 (Washington, DC: 2002), table 6, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/Rpts/2002/809-500.pdf as of January 2003.

2004: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2005 -- Overall Results, DOT HS 809 937 (Washington, DC: 2005), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/RNotes/2005/809-937/images/... as of Oct. 16, 2006.

2005-06: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2006 -- Overall Results, DOT HS 810 678 (Washington, DC: 2006), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/RNotes/2005/809-937/images/... as of June 8, 2007.

2007: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2008Overall Results, DOT HS 811 044 (Washington, DC: 2008), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811044.PDF as of June 24, 2009.

2008: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2009Overall Results, DOT HS 811 254 (Washington, DC: 2008), available at www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811254.PDF as of July 6, 2010.

2009: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2010Overall Results, DOT HS 811 419 (Washington, DC: 2010), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811419.pdf as of December 2011.

2010: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2011Overall Results, DOT HS 811610 (Washington, DC: 2012), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811610.pdf as of April 2013.

2011: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2012Overall Results, DOT HS 811759 (Washington, DC: 2013), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811759.pdf as of May 2013.

2012-13: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2013Overall Results, DOT HS 812010 (Washington, DC: 2014), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/812010.pdf as of June 2014.