Table 2-36: Transit and Grade-Crossing Injuries by Rail Transit Mode

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  1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (R) 2011
All transit rail, total 14,931 14,650 15,760 13,812 12,697 13,969 13,655 6,846 6,294 6,735 6,104 6,806 7,494 9,682 9,887 9,625 9,265
Transit only 14,736 14,466 15,634 13,754 12,538 13,846 13,581 6,738 6,177 6,582 5,910 6,598 7,281 9,503 9,654 9,341 8,964
Grade crossing 195 184 126 58 159 123 74 108 117 153 194 208 213 179 233 284 301
Light rail, total 1,319 1,604 1,087 1,076 1,271 1,338 1,201 557 539 633 618 659 838 950 918 730 766
Transit only N N N N N 1,227 1,147 481 471 519 458 505 669 782 710 479 510
Grade crossing N N N N N 111 54 76 68 114 160 154 169 168 208 251 256
Heavy rail, total 11,238 11,093 12,285 11,059 9,665 10,848 10,641 4,806 4,158 4,738 3,814 4,721 4,789 7,011 7,161 6,990 6,688
Transit only N N N N N 10,847 10,634 4,801 4,158 4,738 3,813 4,721 4,773 7,008 7,160 6,988 6,686
Grade crossing N N N N N 1 7 5 0 0 1 0 16 3 1 2 2
Commuter rail, total 2,374 1,953 2,388 1,677 1,761 1,783 1,813 1,483 1,597 1,364 1,672 1,426 1,867 1,700 1,808 1,905 1,811
Transit only N N N N N 1,772 1,800 1,456 1,548 1,325 1,639 1,372 1,839 1,694 1,784 1,874 1,768
Grade crossing N N N N N 11 13 27 49 39 33 54 28 6 24 31 43

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised.

NOTES

Light rail and Heavy rail Grade crossings are regulated by the Federal Transit Administration. The Federal Transit Administration defines two types of Grade crossings: (1) At grade, mixed, and cross traffic crossings, meaning railway right-of-way over which other traffic moving in the same direction or other cross directions may pass. This includes city street right-of-way; (2) At grade with cross traffic crossings, meaning railway right-of-way over which no other traffic may pass, except to cross at grade-level crossings. This can include median strip rights-of-way with grade level crossings at intersecting streets.

Commuter rail Grade crossings are regulated by the Federal Railroad Administration. The Federal Railroad Administration defines a Grade crossing as a location where a public highway, road, street, or private roadway, including associated sidewalks and pathways, crosses one or more railroad tracks at grade.

The drop in the number of Injuries beginning from 2002 is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration. The Injury threshold for filing an incident report changed to be two or more Injuries requiring immediate medical transportation away from the scene, or one or more Injuries requiring immediate medical transportation away from the scene in the case of incidents at grade crossings or along rail right-of-ways in 2002. Previously, any Injury was reportable. Further, there were National Transportation Database definition changes made in 2008 to simplify the Injury thresholds for filing an incident report. FTA simplified this threshold to being simply one or more Injuries requiring immediate medical transportation away from the scene. This simplification resulted in larger reported number in Injuries since 2008.

All transit rail, total includes data for other transit rail modes which are not presented in this table (such as monorail), thus details may not add to totals.

SOURCE

U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Annual Report, (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), available at http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/ as of Apr. 5, 2006, and personal communications on June 8, 2005, Apr. 5, 2006, June 14, 2007, June 18, 2008, Aug. 20, 2010, Apr. 20, 2011, May 22, 2012, and July 8, 2013.