Table 3-12: Price Trends of Gasoline v. Other Consumer Goods and Services

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  1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Retail price of motor gasoline, all types (constant 2007 dollars per gallon)                                                        
Total service station price 1.92 2.20 3.07 2.31 1.93 1.82 1.76 1.68 1.64 1.64 1.70 1.67 1.42 1.52 1.88 1.79 1.66 1.85 2.11 2.48 2.71 2.85 3.19 2.32 2.70 3.30 3.34 3.19
Service station price excluding taxes 1.33 1.72 2.72 1.88 1.50 1.32 1.26 1.18 1.09 1.09 1.16 1.14 0.90 1.00 1.37 1.30 1.18 1.36 1.63 1.99 2.24 2.36 U U U U U U
Average motor fuel taxesa 0.59 0.48 0.35 0.42 0.43 0.50 0.50 0.51 0.55 0.55 0.54 0.53 0.52 0.52 0.51 0.49 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.49 0.47 0.49 U U U U U U
Retail price of motor gasoline, all types (current dollars per gallon)                                                        
Total service station price 0.36 0.57 1.22 1.20 1.22 1.20 1.19 1.17 1.17 1.21 1.29 1.29 1.12 1.22 1.56 1.53 1.44 1.64 1.92 2.34 2.64 2.85 3.32 2.40 2.84 3.58 3.70 3.58
Service station price excluding taxes 0.25 0.45 1.08 0.98 0.95 0.87 0.85 0.82 0.78 0.80 0.88 0.88 0.71 0.81 1.14 1.11 1.02 1.21 1.48 1.88 2.18 2.36 U U U U U U
Average motor fuel taxesa 0.11 0.12 0.14 0.22 0.27 0.33 0.34 0.35 0.39 0.40 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.43 0.44 0.46 0.46 0.49 U U U U U U
Consumer price indices (1982-84 = 100)                                                        
All items 39 54 82 108 131 136 140 145 148 152 157 161 163 167 172 177 180 184 189 195 202 207 215 215 218 225 230 233
Food 39 60 87 106 132 136 138 141 144 148 153 157 161 164 168 173 176 180 186 191 195 203 214 218 220 228 234 237
Shelter 36 49 81 110 140 146 151 156 161 166 171 176 182 187 193 201 208 213 219 224 232 241 247 249 248 252 257 263
Apparel 59 73 91 105 124 129 132 134 133 132 132 133 133 131 130 127 124 121 120 120 120 119 119 120 120 122 126 127
Motor fuel 28 45 97 99 101 99 99 98 99 100 106 106 92 101 129 125 117 136 160 196 221 239 280 202 239 303 313 304
Medical care 34 48 75 114 163 177 190 201 211 221 228 235 242 251 261 273 286 297 310 323 336 351 364 376 388 400 415 425

KEY: R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a State and federal taxes are weighted averages computed by the American Petroleum Institute, based on gasoline sold in the 50 states. Local taxes are excluded, but additional state sales taxes levied on motor fuel are included.

SOURCES

Retail price: Average motor fuel taxes:

American Petroleum Institute, Policy Analysis and Statistics, personal communications, April 2009, and August 2013.

Retail price: Total service station price:

1970-75: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Agency, Annual Energy Review 2003 (Washington, DC: 2004), table 5.24, available at http://www.eia.doe.gov as of September 2004.

1980-2013: Ibid., Monthly Energy Review (Washington, DC: March 2007), table 9.4, available at http://www.eia.doe.gov as of Sept.17, 2014.

Consumer price indices:

1970-2013: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index-Urban (Current Series), available at http://www.bls.gov/cpi/ as of Sept. 17, 2014.