Table 3-20: Average Passenger Revenue per Passenger-Mile (Current ¢)

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Air carrier, domestic, scheduled service 6.1 6.1 6.0 7.7 11.5 12.2 13.4 13.2 12.9 13.8 13.2 13.5 13.8 14.0 14.1 14.0 14.6 13.2 12.0 12.7 12.2 12.3 13.1 13.1 13.8 12.1 13.0 13.9 13.8
Index (1990 = 100) 45 45 45 57 86 91 100 99 96 103 98 101 103 104 105 104 108 99 89 94 91 92 98 97 103 90 97 104 103
Commuter rail U U U U U U 13.4 13.0 13.3 14.3 13.5 13.1 13.7 14.7 14.4 14.9 14.6 15.1 15.2 16.2 16.6 18.2 18.0 17.8 19.6 19.5 20.7 21.5 22.9
Index (1990 = 100) NA NA NA NA NA NA 100 97 99 107 101 97 102 109 107 111 109 112 113 121 124 136 134 132 146 145 154 160 171
Intercity / Amtraka 3.0 3.1 4.0 6.4 8.0 11.3 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.0 13.7 14.6 16.6 17.3 17.5 18.4 23.2 24.9 26.8 25.0 26.0 27.2 29.7 30.7 31.8 30.8 31.0 33.0 33.9
Index (1990 = 100) 21 22 28 45.4 56.9 80 100 100 100 99 97 103 118 123 124 130 165 176 190 177 184 192 210 217 225 218 220 234 240
Consumer Price Index (1990 = 100) 23 24 30 41 63 82 100 104 107 111 113 117 120 123 125 127 132 136 138 141 145 149 154 159 165 164 167 172 178

KEY: NA = not applicable; U = data are unavailable.

aAmtrak began operations in 1971.

NOTE

The Bureau of Transportation Statistics rebased the consumer price index from 1982-84=100 to 1990=100.

SOURCES

Air carrier, domestic, scheduled service:

1960: Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 (Washington, DC: February 1970), part III, table 2 (passenger-miles); part IV, table 2 (passenger revenues).

1965-70: Ibid., Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1973 (Washington, DC: March 1974), part III, table 2 (passenger-miles); part IV, table 2 (passenger revenues).

1975-80: Ibid., Air Carrier Financial Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December Issues), p. 2, line 3.

Ibid., Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December Issues), p. 4, line 9.

1985: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Financial Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December issues), p. 4, line 3 and similar pages in previous editions; and Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December issues), p. 3, line 9, and similar pages in previous editions (total passenger operating revenues / total revenue passenger-miles).

1990-2012: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, TranStats Database, T1: U.S. Air Carrier Traffic and Capacity Summary by Service Class, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/DL_SelectFields.asp?Table_ID=264&DB_Short_N... as of Sept. 18, 2014 and Air Carrier Financial Reports, Schedule P-1.1 and Schedule P-1.2, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/databases.asp?Mode_ID=1&Mode_Desc=Aviation&... as of Sept. 18, 2014.

Commuter rail:

1990-2001: American Public Transportation Association, 2011 Public Transportation Fact Book (Washington, DC: 2011), tables 2 and 42 (passenger fares / passenger miles).

2002-12: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, National Transit Database, Data Tables (Washington, D.C.: Annual reports), available at http://www.ntdprogram.gov/ntdprogram/data.htm as of Sept. 18, 2014.

Intercity / Amtrak:

1960-70: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues).

1975-80: National Passenger Rail Corporation (Amtrak), personal communication, June 22, 2011.

1985-2002: National Passenger Rail Corporation (Amtrak), Amtrak Annual Report, Statistical Appendix (Washington, DC: Annual Issues) (transportation revenues / passenger-miles).

2003-12: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 77 and similar pages in previous editions (passenger revenue/revenue passenger miles).

Consumer Price Index:

1960-2011: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index-Urban, U.S. All Items Indexes, available at http://www.bls.gov/cpi/ as of Sept. 18, 2014.