Table 3-21: Average Freight Revenue Per Ton-mile (Current ¢)

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Air carrier, domestica 22.80 20.46 21.91 28.22 46.31 48.77 55.84 61.18 60.64 60.19 59.86 61.39 63.68 63.92 66.88 68.62 73.85 60.07 50.60 54.14 62.23 74.88 81.54 89.71 117.96 98.01 101.53 121.74 135.45
Index (1990 = 100) 41 37 39 51 83 87 100 110 109 108 107 110 114 114 120 123 132 107.6 90.6 96.9 111.4 134.1 146.0 160.7 211.2 175.5 181.8 218.0 242.6
Truckb U U U U U U 12.88 12.46 12.96 13.12 13.56 13.5 13.98 14.27 12.89 13.14 13.75 13.31 13.09 13.33 14.24 15.53 16.52 16.54 U U U U U
Index (1990 = 100) U U U U U U 100 97 101 102 105 105 109 111 100 102 107 103 102 103 111 121 128 128 U U U U U
Class I rail 1.40 1.27 1.43 2.04 2.87 3.04 2.66 2.59 2.58 2.52 2.49 2.40 2.35 2.40 2.34 2.28 2.26 2.24 2.26 2.28 2.35 2.62 2.84 2.99 3.34 3.01 (R) 3.32 (R) 3.75 3.95
Index (1990 = 100) 53 48 54 77 108 114 100 97 97 95 94 90 89 90 88 86 85 84 85 86 89 99 107 113 126 113 (R) 125 (R) 141 148
Barge N U U U U U 1.42 1.41 1.39 1.36 1.4 1.63 1.56 1.5 1.52 1.58 1.67 1.75 1.71 1.77 1.83 U U U U U U U U
Index (1990 = 100) N U U U U U 100 99 98 96 99 97 110 97 107 98 97 95 120 125 129 U U U U U U U U
Oil pipeline U U U U U U 1.22 1.18 1.21 1.17 1.23 1.28 1.18 1.17 1.11 1.17 1.30 1.34 1.33 1.31 1.34 1.30 1.47 1.61 1.53 1.76 U U U
Index (1990 = 100) U U U U U U 100 96 99 96 101 105 97 96 91 95 106 110 109 107 109 106 120 132 125 144 U U U
Producer Price Index (1990 = 100)c 28 29 33 49 74 88 100 102 103 105 105 107 110 111 110 112 116 118 117 120 125 131 135 140 149 145 151 160 163

KEY: R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a For 1990 and later, air carriers that did not report both financial data and all months of traffic data for a given period were excluded from the calculations. Cargo revenue includes both scheduled and charter property revenue and mail revenue.

b General freight common carriers, most of which are LTL (less-than-truckload) carriers.

c Total finished goods. Converted to 1990 base year index by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics and therefore not comparable to previous editions of this table.

NOTE

There is a break in the data from 1985 to 1990 for Truck, Barge, and Oil pipeline; therefore, data prior to 1990 cannot be indexed using 1990 as the base year because the data are incomparable.

SOURCES

Air carrier, domestic, scheduled service:

1960: Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 (Washington, DC: 1970), part III, tables 2 and 13.

1965-70: Ibid., Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1973 (Washington, DC: 1974), part III, tables 2 and 13.

1975-80: Ibid., Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: 1976, 1981), pp. 4 and 14 (December 1976) and pp. 2 and 3 (December 1981).

1985: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Financial Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December Issues) (freight operating revenues).

Ibid., Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December Issues) (freight revenue ton-miles).

1990-2012: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TranStats Database, T-1, Schedule P-11, and Schedule P-12 data, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/ as of Sep. 24, 2014, special tabulation.

Truck:

1990-2003: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America (Washington, DC: 2007), p. 46.

2004-07: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 Transportation Annual Survey (Washington, DC: January 2011), table 2.1, available at http://www.census.gov/services/ as of Aug. 9, 2011, special tabulation.

Barge:

Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America (Washington, DC: 2007), p. 46.

Oil pipeline:

PennWell Corporation, Oil and Gas Journal: Transportation Special Report (Houston, TX: September 2012 Issue), p. 127; and Association of Oil Pipe Lines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: February 2012), table 1, available at http://www.aopl.org/publications/?fa=reports as of Mar. 12, 2012.

Class I rail:

Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 30 and similar pages in previous editions.

Producer Price Index:

Council of Economic Advisors, 2012 Economic Report of the President (Washington, DC: 2013), table B-65, available at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/eop/ as of Sept. 24, 2014.