Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

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  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 (R) 2010 (R) 2011 (R) 2012 2013 2014
TOTAL U.S. resident populationa (thousands) 227,225 237,924 249,464 262,803 265,229 267,784 270,248 272,691 282,162 284,969 287,625 290,108 292,805 295,517 298,380 301,231 304,094 306,772 309,347 311,722 314,112 316,498 318,857
Population by Age (thousands)                                              
Under 18 63,683 62,624 64,177 68,555 69,109 69,603 69,903 70,199 72,376 72,671 72,936 73,101 73,298 73,524 73,758 74,019 74,105 74,134 74,123 73,917 73,712 73,610 73,584
18-24 years 30,103 28,902 26,835 25,112 24,843 24,980 25,476 26,011 27,315 27,993 28,481 28,917 29,302 29,442 29,603 29,808 30,194 30,530 30,767 31,094 31,397 31,534 31,464
25-34 37,429 41,697 43,148 40,730 40,246 39,559 38,743 37,936 39,804 39,472 39,350 39,244 39,267 39,259 39,395 39,713 40,207 40,723 41,215 41,820 42,330 42,902 43,517
35-44 25,805 31,691 37,777 42,555 43,365 44,014 44,498 44,813 45,169 45,052 44,641 44,154 43,800 43,506 43,244 42,796 42,192 41,488 40,986 40,672 40,575 40,539 40,513
45-54 22,743 22,459 25,194 31,100 32,358 33,625 34,575 35,802 37,999 39,386 39,992 40,820 41,630 42,496 43,286 43,940 44,460 44,867 44,991 44,761 44,318 43,846 43,459
55-64 21,754 22,135 21,093 21,132 21,353 21,816 22,666 23,389 24,429 25,105 26,703 28,009 29,305 30,641 31,930 33,128 34,157 35,406 36,786 38,090 38,615 39,343 40,078
65 and over 25,707 28,416 31,241 33,619 33,957 34,185 34,385 34,540 35,070 35,290 35,522 35,864 36,203 36,650 37,164 37,826 38,778 39,623 40,479 41,367 43,165 44,723 46,243
Population by Sexa (thousands)                                              
Male 110,399 115,730 121,626 128,294 129,504 130,783 132,030 133,277 138,443 139,891 141,231 142,429 143,828 145,197 146,647 148,065 149,490 150,807 152,089 153,295 154,529 155,741 156,936
Female 116,826 122,194 127,838 134,510 135,724 137,001 138,218 139,414 143,719 145,077 146,395 147,679 148,977 150,320 151,733 153,166 154,604 155,964 157,258 158,427 159,584 160,756 156,936
Population in Metropolitan areasb,c (thousands) 177,000 U 198,000 210,000 212,000 214,000 216,417 218,607 233,791 236,676 239,295 241,702 244,265 246,815 249,394 252,181 254,813 257,355 263,042 265,421 267,864 270,278 272,668
Large (over 1 million) 119,000 U 139,000 147,000 149,000 151,000 153,143 155,905 149,757 151,843 154,596 156,164 157,802 159,424 159,921 163,742 166,565 168,350 168,925 170,666 172,444 174,229 175,970
Medium (250,000-999,999) 41,000 U 41,000 44,000 44,000 43,000 43,366 42,680 56,190 57,034 56,643 56,979 58,123 58,780 61,057 60,481 60,034 61,063 65,755 66,250 66,746 67,239 67,741
Small (less than 250,000) 17,000 U 18,000 19,000 19,000 20,000 19,908 20,022 27,843 27,799 28,055 28,559 28,341 28,611 28,416 27,958 28,214 27,942 28,362 28,505 28,673 28,810 28,957
Population in Micropolitan areasb (thousands) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 29,189 29,261 29,374 29,488 29,634 29,784 30,010 30,186 30,339 30,450 27,171 27,198 27,218 27,230 27,243
Population in Rural / Urband areas (thousands)                                              
Rural 59,495 U 61,656 U U U U U 59,061 U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
Urban 167,051 U 187,053 U U U U U 222,361 U U U U U U U U U U U U U U
Population in Regionsa (thousands)                                              
Northeast 49,183.0 49,869.0 50,875.6 51,443.9 51,520.3 51,591.3 51,685.7 51,830.0 53,667.5 53,930.0 54,167.7 54,364.5 54,514.3 54,598.2 54,710.0 54,879.4 55,060.2 55,283.7 55,381.7 55,635.7 55,832.0 56,028.2 56,152
South 75,721.0 81,409.0 85,731.7 91,777.7 92,947.2 94,176.8 95,348.8 96,468.5 100,559.9 101,868.6 103,185.0 104,431.6 105,874.0 107,411.0 108,930.8 110,573.4 112,021.0 113,317.9 114,871.2 116,089.9 117,346.3 118,522.8 119,772
Midwest 58,901.2 58,820.0 59,765.4 61,991.9 62,371.5 62,675.5 62,950.5 63,242.3 64,494.0 64,815.4 65,074.7 65,319.0 65,587.7 65,806.4 66,082.1 66,359.2 66,595.6 66,836.9 66,972.4 67,149.7 67,331.5 67,567.9 67,745
West 43,419.4 47,827.0 53,091.6 57,589.7 58,389.6 59,340.0 60,263.0 61,150.1 63,450.6 64,467.5 65,376.4 66,211.3 67,069.7 67,937.5 68,870.3 69,767.9 70,698.0 71,568.1 72,121.7 72,846.4 73,602.3 74,378.6 75,188
Number of Immigrants admittede 524,295 568,149 1,535,872 720,177 915,560 797,847 653,206 644,787 841,002 1,058,902 1,059,356 703,542 957,883 1,122,257 1,266,129 1,052,415 1,107,126 1,130,818 1,042,625 1,062,040 1,031,631 990,553 U
Total areaf (square miles) 3,618,770 U 3,717,796 U U U U U 3,794,083 U U U U U U U U U 3,796,742 U U U U
Gross domestic product (billions of chained 2009 dollars)g 5,839.0 6,849.3 8,027.1 9,086.0 9,425.8 (R) 11,034.9 (R) 11,525.9 (R) 12,065.9 (R) 12,559.7 (R) 12,682.2 (R) 12,908.8 (R) 13,271.1 (R) 13,773.5 (R) 14,234.2 (R) 14,613.8 (R) 14,873.7 (R) 14,830.4 (R) 14,418.7 14,783.8 15,020.6 15,369.2 15,710.3 16085.6
Government, total U U 1,403.7 1,422.9 1,429.2 (R) 1,797.0 (R) 1,818.5 (R) 1,840.5 (R) 1,876.2 (R) 1,893.1 (R) 1,927.7 (R) 1,950.7 (R) 1,968.4 (R) 1,985.2 (R) 1,996.7 (R) 2,017.7 (R) 2,054.6 (R) 2,065.8 2,079.8 2,071.7 2,062.3 2,049.4 2042.8
Private industry, total U U 6,761.7 7,738.3 8,073.2 (R) 9,423.9 (R) 9,873.6 (R) 10,385.9 (R) 10,826.2 (R) 10,927.0 (R) 11,120.2 (R) 11,432.2 (R) 11,886.2 (R) 12,311.1 (R) 12,678.6 (R) 12,873.1 (R) 12,760.2 (R) 12,353.0 12,650.2 12,871.7 13,185.8 13,482.8 13829.7
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting U U 76.4 75.7 84.3 91.0 (R) 87.6 (R) 92.1 (R) 105.8 (R) 100.4 (R) 104.2 (R) 114.2 (R) 121.4 (R) 127.2 (R) 132.4 (R) 114.3 (R) 122.0 (R) 137.7 140.3 134.0 129.5 145.1 134.6
Mining U U 251.5 275.9 257.0 (R) 236.7 (R) 248.6 (R) 237.3 (R) 210.7 (R) 246.5 (R) 242.2 (R) 216.1 (R) 214.1 (R) 212.9 (R) 235.7 (R) 251.3 (R) 254.2 (R) 290.3 272.7 290.1 319.5 332.7 356.7
Utilities U U 196.8 211.3 209.4 (R) 266.9 (R) 254.6 (R) 297.9 (R) 304.0 (R) 257.6 (R) 262.7 (R) 255.0 (R) 267.2 (R) 250.6 (R) 264.2 (R) 267.4 (R) 269.7 (R) 250.8 274.4 277.9 279.2 281.9 281.6
Construction U U 519.3 540.4 569.5 (R) 686.8 (R) 715.5 (R) 741.3 (R) 768.9 (R) 755.4 (R) 731.5 (R) 744.4 (R) 770.5 (R) 772.8 (R) 753.5 (R) 725.1 (R) 662.2 (R) 577.3 551.6 548.6 570.9 581.6 577.8
Manufacturing U U 919.2 1,079.7 1,114.2 (R) 1,365.1 (R) 1,431.1 (R) 1,509.4 (R) 1,603.3 (R) 1,538.5 (R) 1,553.7 (R) 1,632.1 (R) 1,737.5 (R) 1,776.7 (R) 1,864.9 (R) 1,924.8 (R) 1,869.1 (R) 1,726.7 1,818.2 1,823.2 1,836.8 1,862.6 1924.3
Wholesale trade U U 309.7 383.8 419.2 (R) 620.1 (R) 672.3 (R) 697.8 (R) 740.7 (R) 754.2 (R) 757.0 (R) 802.0 (R) 845.7 (R) 889.6 (R) 923.3 (R) 954.4 (R) 943.4 (R) 822.8 848.3 866.0 893.6 907.6 930.4
Retail trade U U 450.8 558.8 610.4 (R) 672.0 (R) 735.2 (R) 759.7 (R) 782.7 (R) 804.7 (R) 835.0 (R) 882.7 (R) 895.4 (R) 925.0 (R) 929.8 (R) 904.1 (R) 866.4 (R) 842.1 862.1 867.5 881.8 902.8 930.5
Transportation and warehousing U U 203.8 263.2 277.6 (R) 357.4 (R) 370.4 (R) 373.8 (R) 379.9 (R) 354.5 (R) 343.2 (R) 357.1 (R) 392.2 (R) 414.4 (R) 439.9 (R) 434.4 (R) 433.9 (R) 398.8 421.4 436.5 437.5 440.5 446.8
Information U U 250.1 305.2 324.4 (R) 373.8 (R) 409.2 (R) 455.2 (R) 444.7 (R) 470.0 (R) 515.4 (R) 529.4 (R) 588.0 (R) 620.4 (R) 635.6 (R) 697.3 (R) 732.0 (R) 705.3 735.1 736.1 748.5 781.5 808.1
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing U U 1,598.2 1,809.1 1,851.7 (R) 1,975.7 (R) 2,069.1 (R) 2,211.3 (R) 2,325.7 (R) 2,475.1 (R) 2,505.8 (R) 2,535.6 (R) 2,573.8 (R) 2,743.3 (R) 2,815.6 (R) 2,866.6 (R) 2,762.9 (R) 2,874.0 2,925.4 2,986.1 3,066.6 3,147.7 3198.1
Professional and business services U U 878.2 958.7 1,024.7 (R) 1,224.1 (R) 1,279.5 (R) 1,337.9 (R) 1,410.8 (R) 1,447.1 (R) 1,468.9 (R) 1,508.7 (R) 1,547.4 (R) 1,612.5 (R) 1,658.2 (R) 1,701.2 (R) 1,777.8 (R) 1,661.1 1,718.0 1,782.9 1,861.3 1,895.0 1988.0
Educational services, health care, and social assistance U U 700.5 756.1 764.8 (R) 869.0 (R) 875.8 (R) 898.8 (R) 922.4 (R) 946.1 (R) 984.5 (R) 1,017.5 (R) 1,057.7 (R) 1,075.8 (R) 1,117.3 (R) 1,128.0 (R) 1,187.8 (R) 1,214.0 1,220.5 1,239.8 1,257.3 1,281.3 1312.2
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services U U 323.6 357.4 372.5 (R) 457.1 (R) 467.7 (R) 493.0 (R) 520.9 (R) 504.4 (R) 517.4 (R) 533.3 (R) 557.5 (R) 559.3 (R) 572.1 (R) 572.8 (R) 558.7 (R) 522.3 541.3 562.5 574.7 586.1 602.2
Other services, except government U U 294.2 322.5 325.4 (R) 376.8 (R) 391.9 (R) 394.7 (R) 403.5 (R) 363.4 (R) 373.3 (R) 361.7 (R) 367.3 (R) 368.6 (R) 370.1 (R) 360.9 (R) 347.4 (R) 329.5 323.9 322.7 329.0 331.3 337.2
Total civilian labor force (thousands) 106,940 115,461 125,840 132,304 133,943 136,297 137,673 139,368 142,583 143,734 144,863 146,510 147,401 149,320 151,428 153,124 154,287 154,142 153,889 153,617 154,975 155,389 155,922
Participation rate of men (percent) 77.4 76.3 76.4 75.0 74.9 75.0 74.9 74.7 74.8 74.4 74.1 73.5 73.3 73.3 73.5 73.2 73.0 72.0 71.2 70.5 70.2 69.7 69.2
Participation rate of women (percent) 51.5 54.5 57.5 58.9 59.3 59.8 59.8 60.0 59.9 59.8 59.6 59.5 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.3 59.5 59.2 58.6 58.1 57.7 57.2 57.0
Number of households (thousands) 80,776 86,789 93,347 98,990 99,627 101,018 102,528 103,874 104,705 108,209 109,297 111,278 112,000 113,343 114,384 116,011 116,783 117,181 117,538 119,927 121,084 122,459 123,229
Average size of households 2.76 2.69 2.63 2.65 2.65 2.64 2.62 2.61 2.62 2.58 2.58 2.57 2.57 2.57 2.57 2.56 2.56 2.57 2.59 2.56 2.55 2.54 2.54
Median household incomeh (constant 2009 dollars) (R) 43,920 (R) 44,928 (R) 47,691 (R) 47,674 (R) 48,345 (R) 49,340 (R) 51,155 (R) 52,422 (R) 52,314 (R) 51,174 (R) 50,576 (R) 50,533 (R) 50,357 (R) 50,896 (R) 51,293 (R) 51,981 (R) 50,129 (R) 49,777 48,492 47,751 47,674 49,357 48,628
Mean household incomeh (constant 2009 dollars) (R) 52,234 (R) 55,290 (R) 59,572 (R) 62,869 (R) 64,188 (R) 66,256 (R) 68,216 (R) 70,506 (R) 71,181 (R) 70,538 (R) 68,993 (R) 68,904 (R) 68,680 (R) 69,592 (R) 70,840 (R) 69,962 (R) 68,185 (R) 67,976 66,318 66,471 66,604 69,262 68,638
Average household expendituresh (constant 2009 dollars) U (R) 44,684 (R) 45,203 (R) 45,138 (R) 46,036 (R) 46,425 (R) 46,747 (R) 47,654 (R) 47,399 (R) 47,889 (R) 48,511 (R) 47,615 (R) 49,290 (R) 50,987 (R) 51,503 (R) 51,365 (R) 50,311 (R) 49,067 47,343 47,419 48,072 47,068 48,481

KEY: NA = not applicable; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a Estimates are as of July 1 for each year. The numbers for each sub-category in each year may not add up to the total population due to rounding.

b New metropolitan area definitions were published by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 2003. These definitions were applied to population data by the Census Bureau beginning with the data from the 2000 Census. A new term, core based statistical areas (CBSAs), collectively refers to metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas. A metropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urbanized area of 50,000 or more inhabitants. A micropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urban cluster of more than 10,000 but less than 50,000 inhabitants. All geographic boundaries for the July 1, 2009 population estimates series are defined as of January 1, 2009. The Office of Management and Budget's statistical area definitions for metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, as well as metropolitan divisions, are those issued by that agency in November 2008. The estimates for 2010-12 are based on the 2010 Census and reflect changes to the April 1, 2010 population due to the Count Question Resolution program and geographic program revisions. The Office of Management and Budget's statistical area delineations for metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, as well as metropolitan divisions, are those issued by that agency in February 2013.

c Numbers prior to 1999 are estimated to the nearest million.

d As of April 1 of year indicated. The Census Bureau only tabulates urban / rural numbers for the decennial census years.

e Fiscal year ending September 30.

f The Census Bureau calculates square mileage comprising land and water area for the decennial census years. Data for 1980 comprises land and inland water. Data for 1990 comprises land, Great Lakes, inland water, and coastal water. Data for 2000 comprises land, Great Lakes, inland water, territorial water, and coastal water.

g Sums of chained-dollar estimates for individual industries do not add to national totals because the chain-type indices used to derive them are based on weights of more than one period.

h Converted to constant 2005 dollars by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics using the CPI-U-RS price index.

SOURCES

U.S. resident population, age, sex, region, metropolitan areas, micropolitan areas:

U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Population Estimates, available at http://www.census.gov/popest/data/index.html as of Nov. 2, 2015.

Rural / urban:

1980-90: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 37.

2000-11: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2012, table 29, available at http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/ as of Nov. 29, 2012.

Immigrants:

U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1, available at http://www.dhs.gov/yearbook-immigration-statistics/ as of Nov. 2, 2015.

Total area:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2012, table 1, available at http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/ as of Nov. 29, 2012.

Gross domestic product, Government, and Private industry:

1980-85: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Economic Accounts, National Income and Product Accounts Table, table 1.1.6, available at http://www.bea.gov/national/index.htm as of Aug. 30, 2010.

1990-96: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Industry Economic Accounts, Gross-Domestic-Product-by-Industry Accounts, Real Value Added by Industry, available at http://www.bea.gov/industry/index.htm as of Jul. 29, 2013.

1997-2014: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Industry Economic Accounts, Gross-Domestic-Product-by-Industry Accounts, Real Value Added by Industry, available at http://www.bea.gov/industry/index.htm as of Nov. 2, 2015.

Civilian labor force:

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population, Household Date, 1 and A-2, available at http://www.bls.gov/cps/tables.htm#empstat as of Nov. 2, 2015.

Number of households and average size of households:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Table HH-6, Average Population Per Household and Family: 1944 to Present, available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/households.html as of Nov. 2, 2015.

Mean and Median household income:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Historical Income Tables, table H-6. Regions--All Races by Median and Mean Income: 1975 to 2014, available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/data/historical/household/ as of Nov. 2, 2015.

Average household expenditures:

U.S Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, Average Annual Expenditures, All Consumer Units, available at http://www.bls.gov/cex/ as of Nov. 2, 2015.