Truck Profile

Truck Profile

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FINANCIAL

1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Operating revenues, totala (based on SIC) ($ millions) U U U 127,314 155,713 161,806 172,743 183,153 197,490 U U U U U U U U U
Local trucking U U U 31,397 40,903 43,830 46,589 49,972 55,553 U U U U U U U U U
Trucking, except local U U U 74,465 89,369 91,675 97,586 103,847 109,351 U U U U U U U U U
Local trucking with storage U U U 4,115 4,757 5,154 5,502 5,860 6,144 U U U U U U U U U
Courier services, except by air U U U 17,337 20,684 21,147 23,066 23,474 26,442 U U U U U U U U U
Operating expenses, totala (based on SIC) ($ millions) U U U 118,968 145,216 151,628 162,825 170,998 179,907 U U U U U U U U U
Local trucking U U U 28,049 36,455 38,695 41,325 43,871 47,478 U U U U U U U U U
Trucking, except local U U U 70,965 84,682 88,061 94,390 98,570 101,584 U U U U U U U U U
Local trucking with storage U U U 3,885 4,543 4,817 5,121 5,439 5,638 U U U U U U U U U
Courier services, except by air U U U 16,069 19,536 20,055 21,989 23,118 25,207 U U U U U U U U U
Operating revenues, totalb(based on NAICS) ($ millions) U U U U U U U U 197,314 207,751 223,197 221,355 222,383 228,311 248,191 273,420 293,498 303,611
Truck transportation U U U U U U U U 148,121 155,871 165,421 162,871 164,218 168,486 185,945 206,512 221,871 228,907
Couriers and messengers U U U U U U U U 49,193 51,880 57,776 58,484 58,165 59,825 62,246 66,908 71,627 74,704
Truck highway-user taxes, total($ millions) 2,830 5,632 9,888 19,356 23,836 25,117 U 28,010 28,697 30,502 31,769 30,689 30,216 31,266 32,780 35,178 37,351 38,010
State 1,709 3,429 6,731 12,691 13,157 13,844 U 15,750 15,611 16,266 16,476 17,686 16,566 14,312 17,923 18,632 19,573 20,188
Federal 1,121 2,203 3,157 6,665 10,679 11,273 U 12,260 13,086 14,236 15,293 13,003 13,650 16,954 14,857 16,546 17,778 17,822

INVENTORY

1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Number of truck registrations, total 11,914,249 4,586,487 5,790,653 6,195,876 6,587,885 6,719,421 7,012,615 7,083,326 7,732,270 7,791,426 8,022,649 7,857,675 7,927,280 7,756,888 8,171,363 8,481,999 8,819,007 9,027,624
Single-unit truck U 3,681,405 4,373,784 4,486,981 4,906,385 5,023,670 5,266,029 5,293,358 5,734,925 5,762,864 5,926,030 5,703,501 5,650,619 5,848,523 6,161,028 6,395,240 6,649,337 6,806,630
Combination truck U 905,082 1,416,869 1,708,895 1,681,500 1,695,751 1,746,586 1,789,968 1,997,345 2,028,562 2,096,619 2,154,174 2,276,661 1,908,365 2,010,335 2,086,759 2,169,670 2,220,995
Number of employees                                    
Trucking and courier services, except air (based on SIC) U 998,500 1,182,000 1,273,900 1,384,200 1,440,000 1,482,100 1,514,200 1,568,800 1,613,700 1,630,500 1,619,800 1,590,000 U U U U U
Truck transportation (based on NAICS) U U U 1,122,400 1,206,200 1,249,100 1,282,400 1,308,200 1,354,400 1,391,500 1,405,800 1,386,800 1,339,300 1,325,600 1,351,700 1,397,600 1,435,800 1,439,200
Couriers and messengers (based on NAICS) U U U 375,000 466,200 516,800 539,900 546,000 568,200 585,900 605,000 587,000 560,900 561,700 556,600 571,400 582,400 580,700
Truck drivers and sales workersc (based on NAICS) U U U U U U U U U U U U 2,867,530 2,869,770 2,899,010 2,963,550 3,012,220 2,998,850
Number of trucking and courier establishmentsa U 64,756 69,796 90,709 108,971 112,887 116,861 121,111 119,572 120,687 122,713 122,669 124,481 125,744 128,121 131,086 134,053 135,264

PERFORMANCE

1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Vehicle-miles,total rural and urban (millions) 127,404 62,215 108,491 146,242 170,216 178,156 182,971 191,477 196,380 202,688 205,520 209,032 214,603 217,917 220,811 222,524 222,513 226,963
Rural highway, total 84,508 39,244 68,776 89,692 100,865 106,031 109,480 114,698 115,142 117,941 120,410 122,736 125,884 123,689 121,330 119,684 118,346 119,617
Rural interstate U 10,069 25,111 35,789 40,034 43,351 45,721 49,336 49,896 51,049 52,484 53,225 54,503 52,925 51,296 51,378 50,204 49,819
Rural other arterial U 17,625 24,789 31,331 35,040 37,056 37,875 39,193 39,724 40,691 41,649 41,838 42,436 41,342 40,690 39,762 39,277 40,037
Other rural roads U 11,550 18,876 22,572 25,791 25,624 25,884 26,169 25,522 26,201 26,277 27,673 28,945 29,422 29,344 28,544 28,865 29,761
Urban highway, totald 42,896 22,971 39,715 56,550 69,351 72,125 73,491 76,779 81,238 84,747 85,110 86,296 88,719 94,227 99,481 102,840 104,167 107,346
Urban interstate U 5,634 13,135 22,163 25,045 25,639 26,256 28,549 30,193 32,286 32,181 32,690 33,040 35,487 38,083 40,289 40,118 41,405
Other urban streets U 17,337 26,580 34,387 44,306 46,486 47,235 48,230 51,045 52,461 52,929 53,606 55,679 58,740 61,398 62,551 64,049 65,941
Passenger-miles, totale(millions) 127,405 62,215 108,491 146,242 170,216 178,156 182,971 191,477 196,380 202,688 205,520 209,032 214,603 217,917 220,811 222,524 222,513 226,963
Single-unit truckf 98,551 27,081 39,813 51,901 61,284 62,705 64,072 66,893 68,021 70,304 70,500 72,448 75,866 77,757 78,441 78,496 80,344 81,954
Combination truck 28,854 35,134 68,678 94,341 108,932 115,451 118,899 124,584 128,359 132,384 135,020 136,584 138,737 140,160 142,370 144,028 142,169 145,008
Ton-miles(millions) U U 629,675 848,779 987,923 1,034,041 1,061,952 1,110,554 1,139,777 1,176,388 1,192,825 1,213,208 1,245,542 1,264,773 1,281,573 1,291,515 1,294,492 U
Fuel consumed, all trucks (million gallons) 15,882 11,316 19,960 24,490 27,685 28,993 29,601 29,878 31,975 33,909 35,229 35,179 36,800 32,696 33,150 37,190 37,959 38,550
Single-unit truck U 3,968 6,923 8,357 9,032 9,216 9,409 9,576 6,817 9,372 9,563 9,667 10,321 8,880 8,959 9,501 9,852 10,035
Combination truck U 7,348 13,037 16,133 18,653 19,777 20,192 20,302 25,158 24,537 25,666 25,512 26,480 23,815 24,191 27,689 28,107 28,515
Average fuel consumption per vehicle, all trucks (gallons) 1,333 2,467 3,447 3,953 4,202 4,315 4,221 4,218 4,135 4,352 4,391 4,477 4,642 4,215 4,057 4,385 4,304 4,270
Single-unit truck U 1,078 1,583 1,862 1,841 1,835 1,787 1,809 1,189 1,626 1,614 1,695 1,826 1,518 1,454 1,486 1,482 1,474
Combination truck U 8,119 9,201 9,441 11,093 11,663 11,561 11,342 12,596 12,096 12,241 11,843 11,631 12,479 12,033 13,269 12,954 12,839
Average miles traveled per gallon of fuel consumed, all trucks 8.0 5.5 5.4 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.8 6.7 6.7 6.0 5.9 5.9
Single-unit truck U 6.8 5.8 6.2 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.0 10.0 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.4 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.2 8.2
Combination truck U 4.8 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.1 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.9 5.9 5.2 5.1 5.1
Average miles traveled per vehicle, all trucks 10,693 13,565 18,736 23,603 25,838 26,514 26,092 27,032 25,397 26,014 25,617 26,602 27,071 28,093 27,023 26,235 25,231 25,141
Single-unit truck U 7,356 9,103 11,567 12,491 12,482 12,167 12,637 11,861 12,199 11,897 12,702 13,426 13,295 12,732 12,274 12,083 12,040
Combination truck U 38,819 48,472 55,206 64,783 68,083 68,075 69,601 64,265 65,260 64,399 63,404 60,939 73,445 70,819 69,020 65,526 65,290

SAFETY

1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Occupant fatalities, large truck U U 1,262 705 670 648 621 723 742 759 754 708 689 726 766 804 805 802
Occupant fatality rate                                    
Per 100 million vehicle-miles, large truck U U 1.2 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Per 10,000 registered vehicles, large truck U U 2.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Vehicle involvement rate (fatal crashes)                                    
Per 100 million vehicle-miles, large truck U U 5.0 3.3 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0
Per 10,000 registered vehicles, large truck U U 9.3 7.7 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.4 5.1

KEY: R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

aLocal trucking (SIC 4212) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing trucking or transfer services without storage for freight generally weighing more than 100 pounds.

Trucking, except local (SIC 4213) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing "over-the-road" trucking services or trucking services and storage services, including household goods either as common carriers or under special or individual contracts or agreements, for freight generally weighing more than 100 pounds.

Local trucking, with storage (SIC 4214) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing both trucking and storage services, including household goods.

Courier services, except by air (SIC 4215) - Establishments primarily engaged in the delivery of individually addressed letters, parcels, and packages (generally under 100 pounds).

b Truck transportation (NAICS 484) - Industries primarily engaged in over-the-road transportation of cargo using motor vehicles, truck-tractors, and trailers.

Couriers and messengers (NAICS 492) - Establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface, or combined courier delivery services of parcels or primarily engaged in furnishing local messenger and delivery services of small items within a single metropolitan area or urban center.

c In 1999, the Occupational Employment Statistics survey began using the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system to organize occupational data. Therefore, estimates from 1999 and subsequent years are not directly comparable to previous occupational data.

d Urban consists of travel on all roads and streets in urban places of 5,000 or greater population.

e As cited on the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), highway passenger-miles are calculated by multiplying vehicle-miles of travel and the average number of occupants for each vehicle type.

f Includes other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle in 1960.

NOTES

In 1995, FHWA revised its vehicle type categories. These new categories include passenger car, other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck, and combination truck. Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles include vans, pickup trucks, and sport/utility vehicles. In previous years, some minivans and sport/utility vehicles were included in the passenger car category. Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more trucks are on a single frame with at least 2 axles and 6 tires. Occupant fatality rates (OFR) for Light Trucks have been removed, but can be found in the Automobile Profile. The remaining fatality rates are calculated by NHTSA and may be different from what would be calculated from the data presented.

Component values may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

SOURCES

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

Operating revenues, total and Operating expenses, total (based on SIC):

U.S. Census Bureau, Transportation Annual Survey (Washington, DC: December 1998), table 1.

Operating revenues, total (based on NAICS):

U.S. Census Bureau, Service Annual Survey (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2.1 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://www.census.gov/services/index.html as of July 08, 2009.

Truck highway-user taxes:

1960-1999: American Trucking Association, American Trucking Trends, (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

2000-2006: American Trucking Association, American Trucking Trends, unpublished data, personal communication, June 30, 2008.

Number of truck registrations:

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A.

1995-2007: Ibid., Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1, available at www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/hsspubs.cfm as of July 08, 2009 .

Number of employees: Trucking and courier services, except air (based on SIC):

1960-90: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994 (Washington, DC: September 1994), SIC 421.

1994-2007: Ibid., Employment, Hours and Earnings, available at www.bls.gov as of July 13, 2009, SIC 421.

Number of employees: Truck transportation (based on NAICS) and Couriers and messengers (based on NAICS):

1990-2007: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Database and Tables, available at http://www.bls.gov/data/ as of July 10, 2009; NAICS codes "484 Truck transportation" and "492 Couriers and messengers."

Number of employees: Truck drivers and sales workers (based on NAICS):

2002-07: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage estimates, (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), available at http://www.bls.gov/oes/2008/may/oes_dl.htm#Time as of July 10, 2009.

Number of trucking and courier establishments:

U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), NAICS 484 and 492/SIC 421, available at http://censtats.census.gov/cbpnaic/cbpnaic.shtml as of September 28, 2009.

Vehicle-miles, total rural and urban:

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201.

1995-2007: lbid. Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table VM-1, available at www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/hsspubs.cfm as of July 10, 2009.

Ton-miles:

1980-2007: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, special tabulation, as of July 13, 2009.

Fuel consumed, Average fuel consumption per vehicle, Average miles traveled per gallon of fuel consumed, and Average miles traveled per vehicle:

1970-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A.

1995-2007: Ibid., Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table VM-1, available at www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/hsspubs.cfm as of July 10, 2009.

Safety:

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts 2007, DOT HS 811 002 (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), tables 3 and 9, July 13, 2009.