Table 12-2 Vehicle-Miles by Mode

Table 12-2
Vehicle-Miles by Mode

(Millions of vehicle miles)

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  Canada Mexico United States
1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996
Air N N N N N N 8,793 8,424 8,335
Air carriers N N N 78 222 190 3,963 4,629 4,811
Road N e197,055 N N N N 2,144,400 2,422,700 2,482,200
Personal vehicles N e168,469 N N N N 1,992,400 2,238,100 2,292,900
Passenger cars N e134,440 N N N N 1,408,300 1,438,300 1,467,700
Motorcycles N e649 N N N N 9,600 9,800 9,900
Light trucks N e33,380 N N N N 574,600 790,000 815,300
Bus 887 1,042 996 N N N 5,700 6,400 6,500
Charter 62 84 97 N N N N N N
Intercity 105 96 81 N N N N N N
Local motor 478 461 445 N N N 2,130 2,184 2,165
School 242 401 373 N N N N N N
Commercial freight vehicles N e27,545 N N N N 146,200 178,200 182,800
Single-unit trucks N N N N N N 51,900 62,700 64,000
Tractor N N N N N N 94,300 115,500 118,800
Rail, train-miles 78 87 84 30 24 25 413 490 499
Freight 63 74 70 17 15 16 380 458 469
Intercity passenger 15 13 13 13 9 9 33 32 30
Transit N N N U U U 3,242 3,550 p3,663
Transit rail N N N U U U 774 810 822

KEY: e = Data are estimated. N = Data are nonexistent. p = Data are preliminary. U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES

Canada

Road, all data except bus: The number of total road vehicle kilometers for 1995 is an estimate. See Appendix B for explanation.

Bus: All bus data are from a sample of Canadian companies engaged in scheduled intercity bus, urban transit, school bus and charterand other types of bus service from Statistics Canada's annual Survey of the Passenger Bus and Urban Transit Industry.

Transit: Although vehicle kilometers for transit rail are nonexistent, vehicle kilometers for local motor bus are included under road,buses.

Mexico

Air: Includes only kilometers traveled by domestic airlines under scheduled operations serving domestic and international flights.

Road: Although no data are collected for vehicle travel on all Mexican roads, the Mexican Institute of Transport (IMT) estimates that thetotal vehicle-kilometers for all types of passenger cars, trucks and buses using the main interurban road corridors (of which there are10) is approximately 36 billion vehicle kilometers per year. Main interurban road corridors comprise 25,190 kilometers or approximately5 percent of the Mexican national highway network. For additional information on main interurban road corridors and Mexico's nationalroad network, see the Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes (SCT) report, Modernization of the Main Highway System (MexicoCity, D.F.: 1998.)

SOURCES

Canada

Road: Transport Canada. Transportation in Canada 1997 - Annual Report. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998). Transport Canada. Economic AnalysisDirectorate. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Rail: Statistics Canada. Rail in Canada, Catalogue No. 52-216-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Bus: Statistics Canada. Passenger Bus and Urban Transit Statistics, Catalogue No. 53-215-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Mexico

Air: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1998).

Rail: Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México. Series Estadísticas, 1990, 1995 y 1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

United States

Air: U.S. Department of Transportation. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Office of Airline Information. Air Carrier Traffic Statistics. (Washington, DC: 1986-1997).

U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Aviation Administration. General Aviation Activity and Avionics Survey. (Washington, DC: 1990, 1995 and 1996).

Road: U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995. (Washington, DC: 1996).

U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics, 1996. (Washington, DC: 1997).

Rail: Association of American Railroads. Railroad Facts. (Washington, DC: 1997).

National Railroad Passenger Corp. Amtrak Annual Report 1996. (Washington, DC: 1996).

National Railroad Passenger Corp. State and Local Affairs Department and Public Affairs Department. Private communication. (Washington, DC: 1998).

Transit: American Public Transit Association (APTA). Transit Fact Book 1996. (Washington, DC: 1996).