Table 11-1 Domestic Physical System Extent

Table 11-1
Domestic Physical System Extent

(Kilometers)

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  Canada Mexico United States
1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996
Road 888,898 901,904 U 239,235 307,983 312,301 6,244,000 6,296,000 6,331,000
Paved 297,411 317,919 U 83,925 96,541 99,165 3,635,000 3,819,000 3,830,000
Major road system N N N 81,517 92,782 94,908 655,000 692,000 697,000
Less than four lanes N N N 75,995 83,772 85,346 451,000 468,000 470,000
Four or more lanes 15,516 16,571 U 5,522 9,010 9,562 206,000 224,000 227,000
Local N N N N N N 2,980,000 3,125,000 3,133,000
Unpaved 591,487 583,985 U 155,310 211,442 213,136 2,609,000 2,477,000 2,501,000
Great Lakes 2,662 2,662 2,662 NA NA NA 7,000 7,000 7,000
Inland waterwaysa 2,825 2,825 2,825 NA NA NA 42,000 42,000 42,000
Pipeline 274,151 309,772 314,124 18,003 15,616 15,529 2,278,262 2,353,910 2,364,985
Gas 239,078 272,871 277,166 12,954 11,455 11,346 1,942,308 2,031,237 2,042,312
Oil 35,073 36,901 36,959 5,049 4,161 4,183 335,954 322,673 322,673
Railb 86,880 80,326 77,387 26,361 26,613 26,612 321,988 290,356 284,818
Transit rail N N N 197 275 275 N 6,329 6,961

aCommercially navigable.

bRail extent includes yard tracks, sidings and parallel lines.

KEY: N = Data are nonexistent. NA = Not applicable. U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES

All Countries

Road: The overall road total for Canada and the United States includes all roads (highways, local, and others). Canada cannot disaggregate its data for local roads into paved and unpaved, however.

Rail: Data include length of track, including yard tracks, sidings and parallel lines.

Transit rail: Data are one-way, fixed guideway.

Mexico

Road: Data do not include local roads.

Road, paved: Data include major roads plus minor rural roads.

SOURCES

Canada

Road: Transportation Association of Canada. Transportation in Canada: A Statistical Overview - 1995. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Great Lakes and inland waterways: Transport Canada. Marine Distance Library, 1997. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Pipeline: Statistics Canada. Oil Pipeline Transport, Catalogue No. 55-201-XPB, and Gas Utilities, Transport and Distribution Systems, Catalogue No. 57-205-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Rail: Statistics Canada. Rail in Canada, Catalogue No. 52-216-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Mexico

Road: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Evaluación. Longitud de la Infraestructura Carretera, 1990, 1995 and 1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

Pipeline: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática, based on data from the Petróleos Mexicanos, Subdirección de Planeación and the Anuario Estadístico (various years). (Aguascalientes, Ags.: various years).

Rail: Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México. Series Estadísticas 1990, 1995 and 1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

Transit: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática, based on data collected by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo and the Sistema de Transporte Eléctrico in México City, the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo de la Zona Metropolitana in Guadalajara, and the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo in Monterrey. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

United States

Road: U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Unpublished data. (Washington, DC: 1998).

Great Lakes and inland waterways: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Navigation Data Center. Special tabulation. (New Orleans, LA: 1998).

Gas pipeline: American Gas Association. Gas Facts. (Arlington, VA: 1997).

Oil pipeline: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc. Transportation in America. (Lansdowne, VA: 1997).

Freight rail: Association of American Railroads. Railroad Facts. (Washington, DC: 1997).

Intercity passenger rail: National Railroad Passenger Corp. Amtrak Annual Report 1996. (Washington, DC: 1996).

Transit rail: American Public Transit Association. Transit Fact book 1996. (Washington, DC: 1996).