Table 12-1 Number of Transportation Vehicles/Equipment

Table 12-1
Number of Transportation Vehicles/Equipment

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  Canada Mexico United States
1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996
Air 23,674 22,714 22,685 5,874 6,426 6,255 a197,200 196,800 201,900
Commercial aircraft 5,775 5,752 5,816 847 1,283 1,184 a16,125 18,270 18,597
Jets 344 380 414 100 175 177 a5,166 5,724 6,158
Non-jets 5,431 5,372 5,402 33 57 57 a10,959 12,546 12,439
General aviation 17,899 16,962 16,869 5,027 5,143 5,071 a181,100 178,500 183,300
Road 16,981,130 r17,048,297 r17,182,626 10,165,715 11,165,543 12,395,935 193,057,376 205,427,212 210,236,393
Personal vehicles 12,981,053 13,512,653 13,562,927 7,089,059 8,183,903 8,623,267 186,234,513 198,022,288 202,533,376
Passenger cars 12,622,038 13,192,272 13,251,146 6,839,337 8,046,926 8,436,909 133,700,496 128,386,775 129,728,341
Motorcycles 359,015 320,381 311,781 249,722 136,977 186,358 4,259,462 3,897,191 3,871,237
Light trucks N N N N N N 48,274,555 65,738,322 68,933,798
Buses 63,962 64,339 64,550 94,575 121,870 p98477 626,987 685,503 696,609
Charter 1,810 2,661 3,305 U U U N N N
Intercity 1,356 1,191 1,052 30,579 47,254 p43,533 N N N
Local motor 11,243 10,852 10,797 U U U 58,714 67,107 p67,874
School 29,726 27,934 27,855 U U U N N N
Commercial freight vehicles 176,368 181,568 206,305 2,982,081 3,611,770 3,674,191 6,195,876 6,719,421 7,006,408
Single-unit trucks 40,719 33,463 35,290 U U U 4,486,981 5,023,670 5,264,554
Tractors 66,919 87,662 92,059 U U U 1,708,895 1,695,751 1,741,854
Rail                  
Cars                  
Freight cars 123,137 110,784 109,578 46,602 35,042 29,438 1,108,734 1,134,203 1,153,209
Intercity passenger train cars 1,088 517 466 1,427 767 513 1,863 1,722 1,730
Locomotives 3,562 3,299 3,258 1,677 1,400 1,318 19,153 19,125 19,568
Freight 3,351 3,171 3,142 U U U 18,835 18,812 19,269
Intercity passenger 211 128 116 U U U 318 313 299
Transit 13,156 13,140 13,049 N N N 92,961 115,874 p119,556
Transit railcars 1,913 2,288 2,252 238 322 331 15,747 15,721 p16,006
Water transportb N N N N N N N 237,733 244,683
Passenger vessels N N N 62 58 57 U 159,177 168,576
Recreational boats N N N N N N U 154,369 163,756
Passenger cruise 55 52 50 N N N U 126 136
Other passenger 87 87 88 62 58 57 U 4,682 4,684
Freight vessels 1,082 747 734 1,938 1,916 1,903 U 74,375 76,107
Liquid 47 31 29 34 33 32 4,216 4,181 4,116
Tanker 44 31 29 34 33 32 213 195 178
Tank/barge 3 0 0 N N N 4,003 3,986 3,938
Dry bulk carrier 83 74 73 3 1 1 81 78 72
Other dry cargo 89 40 40 242 229 222 27,940 28,039 29,429
Container 1 1 1 N N N 89 91 88
Specialized carrier 5 0 0 13 13 13 143 181 180
General cargo 62 39 39 22 16 15 592 390 386
Dry cargo barge 21 0 0 207 200 194 27,116 27,377 28,775
Miscellaneous types 863 602 592 1,659 1,653 1,648 U 42,077 42,490
Fishing 512 312 298 1,437 1,392 1,392 U 35,658 36,038
Offshore vessels 44 23 27 25 56 56 1,177 1,291 1,275
Tow boatsc 0 178 178 80 97 91 5,213 5,128 5,177
Other 307 89 89 117 108 109 N N N

aAir data are for 1992, the earliest year for which data are broken out in this fashion.

bUnless noted, water transport vessels represent those which are operated by the individual country but not necessarily owned. Vessels are organized according to the International Classification of Ship Type (ICST).

cTowboats include both pushboats and tugboats.

KEY: N = Data are nonexistent. p = Data are preliminary. r = Data are revised. U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES

All Countries

Air: For Canada and the United States, on-demand air taxis are included in commercial aircraft and are excluded from general aviation. For the United States, this is different from the way the data are sometimes presented. For Mexico, air taxis are included in the total for commercial aircraft and are not identifiable as jet and non-jet in the registration files.

Road: Personal vehicles, light trucks: Mexico's total for personal vehicles includes light trucks (such as sports utility vehicles, pickups and minivans). However, it is not possible to further disaggregate light trucks. The U.S. total for personal vehicles does include light trucks, and light trucks are also identified as a separate vehicle category. Mexico may also include light trucks such as pickups in its total for commercial freight vehicles. Canada's total for personal vehicles does not include light trucks. However, light trucks are included in Canada's overall road total.

Water Transport: Freight vessels: The total for freight vessels represents the sum of the liquid, dry bulk carrier, other dry cargo and miscellaneous type vessel categories. Mexican data for container and tank barge vessels have not been included in its total because data for these types of vessels are nonexistent.

Canada

Buses (charter, intercity and local motor): Data are derived from a sample of Canadian companies engaged in scheduled intercity bus, urban transit, school bus, charter and other types of bus service from Statistics Canadas annual Survey of the Passenger Bus and Urban Transit Industry. Local motor buses are also included in the total number of transit vehicles.

Commercial freight vehicles: Data are based on Statistics Canada's Motor Carriers of Freight Survey, supplemented by data from Canada's vehicle registration files. The figure for commercial freight vehicles is not a sum of single-unit trucks and truck-tractors, because other types of freight vehicles are included in the commercial freight vehicles total. Data for single-unit trucks and truck-tractors are estimates for owner-operators and/or Canadian for-hire motor carriers earning annual revenues greater than or equal to $25,000 (Canadian).

Transit: The total for Canadian transit includes transit rail and local motor bus. Transit rail includes commuter rail, heavy rail and light rail.

Mexico

Commercial aircraft: Includes taxis not identified in the records as jets or non-jets. Data for taxis are 714 in 1990, 1,051 in 1995 and 950 in 1996.

Road (intercity buses and commercial freight vehicles): Data refer to vehicles devoted to the federal public service and private service.

United States

Air and general aviation: Rounded to the nearest 100.

Road: All U.S. road data represent registered vehicles, except local motor buses which are active passenger vehicles. Totals for all road vehicles comprise all types of buses including intercity, charter, school and local motor bus. Local motor buses are also included in the total number of transit vehicles. Passenger cars include taxis. Light trucks include vans, pickup trucks and sports/utility vehicles

Rail: Freight rail cars (except those owned by car companies and shippers) and locomotives are Class I railroads only. See Appendix B for the number of freight rail cars owned by car companies and shippers.

Transit: The total for U.S. transit includes transit rail, local motor bus as well as trolley buses, ferries and transit for the disabled. Transit rail includes commuter rail, heavy rail and light rail. The number of commuter railcars includes locomotives.

Water: Recreation and fishing vessels: Represent U.S. owned- and operated-vessels.

All other vessels: Represent U.S. flagged vessels. U.S. flagged vessels are U.S. operated but not necessarily owned.

SOURCES

Canada

Air: International Civil Aviation Organization. Civil Aircraft on Register. Digest of Statistics No. 437. (Montréal, Que.: 1998).

Road: Statistics Canada. Passenger Bus and Urban Transit Statistics, Catalogue No. 53-215-XPB; Road Motor Vehicle Registrations, Catalogue No. 53-219-XPB; and, Trucking in Canada, Catalogue No. 53-222-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Rail: Statistics Canada. Rail in Canada, Catalogue No. 52-216-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Transit: Statistics Canada. Passenger Bus and Urban Transit, Catalogue 53-215-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Water transport: Lloyd's Register of Shipping. Statistical Tables - 1990 Table 2, and World Fleet Statistics - Table 2, Editions 1995 and 1996. (London, UK: various years).

Mexico

Air: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. La Aviación Mexicana en Cifras, 1990-1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1997).

Rail: Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México. Series Estadísticas, 1990, 1995 and 1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

Road: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática based on data collected by the Departamento del Distrito Federal, Dirección General de Autotransporte Urbano, Direcciones de Policía y Tránsito Estatales y Municipales. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

Transit: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Dirección de Estadísticas Económicas. Based on data collected by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo y Eléctrico in México City, Sistema de Transporte Eléctrico de la Zona Metropolitana in Guadalajara and Sistema de Transporte Colectivo in Monterrey. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

Water transport: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Coordinación General de Puertos y Marina Mercante. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1997).

United States

Air: U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Aviation Administration. Administrator's Fact Book. (Washington, DC: August 1998 and December 1996).

U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Aviation Administration. Statistical Handbook of Aviation, 1996. (Washington, DC: 1997).

U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Aviation Administration. General Aviation and Air Taxi Activity Survey. (Washington DC: April 1998).

Road: U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics, 1996. (Washington, DC: 1997).

American Public Transit Association. Transit Fact Book, 1996. (Washington, DC: 1996).

Association of American Railroads. Railroad Facts. (Washington, DC: 1997).

National Railroad Passenger Corp. Amtrak Annual Report 1996. (Washington, DC: 1996).

Water transport: U.S. Department of Transportation. U.S.Coast Guard. Office of Marine Safety. Merchant Vessels of the United States. (Washington, DC: 1998).

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Navigation Data Center. Waterborne Transportation Lines of the United States, Calendar Year 1996. (New Orleans, LA: 1997).