Table 3-1 Transportation Fatalities by Mode

Table 3-1
Transportation Fatalities by Mode

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  Canada Mexico United States
1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996
Fatalities, total 4,184 3,794 3,502 10,234 9,121 9,472 47,248 44,426 44,697
Air 99 117 75 24 30 86 864 963 1,089
Air carriers 30 59 28 0 0 0 97 229 457
General aviation 69 58 47 24 30 86 767 734 632
Road 3,963 3,351 3,091 10,201 9,043 9,305 44,599 41,817 a42,065
Passenger cars and light trucks 2,804 2,473 2,264 2,919 2,385 2,562 32,693 31,991 32,437
Passenger cars U U U U U U 24,092 22,423 22,505
Motorcycles 260 166 128 54 138 142 3,244 2,227 2,161
Buses 8 6 0 279 271 279 32 33 21
Large trucks 107 72 59 67 125 176 705 648 621
Pedestrians 584 416 460 1,388 1,038 1,111 6,482 5,584 5,449
Other 200 218 180 25 408 225 1,443 1,334 1,374
Pipeline 0 0 0 U U U 9 21 53
Rail 103 120 119 9 48 81 1,297 1,146 1,039
Grade crossing 48 53 47 U U U 698 579 488
Railroad 55 67 72 U U U 599 567 551
Transit, total N N N U U U 339 274 264
Transit rail N N N U U U 228 186 152
Water transport N 206 217 N N N 950 875 759
Passenger vessels N 195 210 N N N U U U
Recreational boats N 194 209 N N N 865 829 709
Commercial passenger vessels 6 1 1 N N N U U U
Commercial freight vessels 13 11 7 N N N U U U

aIncludes two fatalities that have not been assigned by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to a subcategory.

KEY: N = Data are nonexistent. U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES

All Countries

Fatalities, total: For the United States, the number for total fatalities is less than the sum of the fatalities listed for individual modes because some fatalities are counted in more than one mode. That is, the United States has corrected for double counting in calculating total fatalities (see Appendix B). For Canada, the total shown is the sum of the modal totals and has not been corrected for double counting. (Note also, that Canadian fatality data for transit does not exist nor does Canadian fatality data for recreational boats for 1990. These data, if available, would increase the overall fatality totals for Canada.) For Mexico, the total is the sum of air, road and rail only, and therefore the total number of transportation fatalities is underrepresented.

Air: United States and Canada include fatalities from both passenger and all-cargo flights. Mexico includes fatalities from passenger flights only. For Canada and the United States, the air carrier data are for their own national flag carriers, operating both domestic and international flights.

Road: Data refer to occupants of the road motor vehicles listed. Other comprises pedalcyclists, other nonmotorists (except pedestrians, who are separately listed) and occupants of other or unknown motor vehicles.

Road: For road especially, it is important to note that the United States and Canada (except for the Province of Quebec) count all fatalities that occur within 30 days of the crash (and can be attributed to the crash), whereas Mexico counts those fatalities that occur at the site of the crash. See Appendix B, All Countries.

Water transport: United States and Canadian data are not comparable in several respects. See Appendix B, All Countries.

Mexico

Road: Includes 5,469, 4,678 and 4,810 fatalities that occurred on the federal highway network in 1990, 1995 and 1996, respectively.

These fatalities cannot be allocated to a specific vehicle category but are included in the road total.

SOURCES

Canada

Air: Transportation Safety Board of Canada. Special tabulation. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Road: Transport Canada. Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation. Traffic Accident Information Database. Special tabulation. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Pipeline: Transportation Safety Board of Canada. Special tabulation. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Rail: Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB). Minister of Public Works and Government Services. TSB Statistical Summary: Railway Occurrences 1997. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Water, commercial passenger and freight vessels: Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB). Minister of Public Works and Government Services. TSB Statistical Summary: Marine Occurrences 1997. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Water, recreational boats: Canadian Red Cross. Special tabulation. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Mexico

Air carriers: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1998).

Road and rail: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Dirección de Estadísticas Económicas, based on data collected by the Procuraduría General de Justicia del Distrito Federal and the Direcciones de Seguridad Pública y Vialidad and their equivalent agencies at state and local levels. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

Road (in areas under federal jurisdiction): Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Polica Federal de Caminos y Puertos. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1998).

United States

U.S. Department of Transportation. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 1998 and National Transportation Statistics 1999. (Washington, DC: 1998 and 1999).