Table 3-2 Transportation Injuries by Mode

Table 3-2
Transportation Injuries by Mode

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  Canada Mexico United States
1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996
Injuries, total 263,196 242,164 231,089 93,417 121,936 115,507 3,292,000 3,516,000 3,559,000
Air 72 66 45 52 52 30 478 459 458
Air carriers 15 27 12 0 0 0 76 64 99
General aviation 57 39 33 52 52 30 402 395 359
Road 262,680 241,935 230,890 93,325 121,638 115,274 3,231,000 a3465000 3,511,000
Passenger cars and light trucks 216,993 202,275 194,161 38,796 52,052 51,947 2,881,000 3,191,000 3,246,000
Passenger cars U U U U U U 2,376,000 2,469,000 2,478,000
Motorcycles 9,230 6,159 5,202 1,156 5,592 5,405 84,000 57,000 56,000
Buses 1,879 1,393 1,407 4,359 5,565 5,998 33,000 19,000 20,000
Large trucks 3,951 3,377 3,231 638 1,025 1,340 42,000 30,000 33,000
Pedestrians 16,351 14,888 14,420 11,658 15,556 13,019 105,000 86,000 82,000
Other 14,276 13,843 12,469 558 7,988 4,240 86,000 81,000 74,000
Pipeline 9 1 0 U U U 76 64 127
Rail 375 128 129 40 246 203 25,143 14,440 12,558
Grade crossing 201 76 69 U U U 2,407 1,894 1,610
Railroad 174 52 60 U U U 22,736 12,546 10,948
Transit, total N N N N N N 54,556 57,196 55,288
Transit rail N N N N N N 13,718 14,931 14,650
Water transport N N N N N N 3,997 4,286 4,571
Passenger vessels N N N N N N U U U
Recreational boats N N N N N N 3,822 4,141 4,442
Commercial passenger vessels 7 6 4 N N N U U U
Commercial freight vessels 53 28 21 N N N U U U

aTotal different from the sum of components because of independent rounding.

KEY: N = Data are nonexistent. U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES

All Countries

Injuries, total: For the United States, the number for total injuries is less than the sum of the injuries listed for individual modes because some injuries are counted in more than one mode. That is, the United States has corrected for double counting in calculating total injuries (See Appendix B). For Canada, the total shown is the sum of the modal totals and has not been corrected for double counting. (Note also, that Canadian injury data for transit and recreational boats do not exist. These data, if available, would increase the overall injury totals for Canada.) For Mexico, the total is the sum of air, road and rail only, and therefore the total number of transportation injuries is underrepresented.

Air: United States and Canada include injuries from both passenger and all-cargo flights. Mexico includes injuries from passenger flights only. For Canada and the United States, the air carrier data are for their own national flag carriers, operating both domestic and international flights.

Road: Data refer to occupants of the road motor vehicles listed. Other comprises pedalcyclists, other nonmotorists (except pedestrians, who are separately listed) and occupants of other or unknown motor vehicles.

Road: For Canada and the United States, there is extensive follow-up on road injuries. For Mexico, only serious injuries apparent at the site of the crash are counted.

Water transport: U.S. and Canadian data are not comparable in several respects. See Appendix B, All Countries.

Mexico

Road: Includes 36,160, 33,860 and 33,325 injuries that occurred on the federal highway network in 1990, 1995 and 1996, respectively. These injuries cannot be allocated to a specific vehicle category but are included in the road total.

United States

Injuries, total: Total Injuries are rounded to the nearest 1,000.

Road injuries: Data on road injuries are derived from a sample. Injuries in the other modes are a total count.

SOURCES

Canada

Air: Transportation Safety Board of Canada. Special tabulation. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Road: Transport Canada. Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation. Traffic Accident Information Database. Special tabulation. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Pipeline: Transportation Safety Board of Canada. Special tabulation. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Rail: Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB). Ministry of Public Works and Government Services. TSB Statistical Summary: Railway Occurrences 1997. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Water, commercial passenger and freight vessels: Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB). Minister of Public Works and Government Services. TSB Statistical Summary: Marine Occurrences 1997. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Water, recreational boats: Canadian Red Cross. Special tabulation. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Mexico

Air carriers: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1998).

Road and rail: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Dirección de Estadísticas Económicas, based on data collected by the Procuraduría General de Justicia del Distrito Federal and the Direcciones de Seguridad Pública y Vialidad or their equivalent agencies at state and local levels. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

Road (in areas under federal jurisdiction): Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Polica Federal de Caminos y Puertos. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1998).

United States

U.S. Department of Transportation. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 1998 and National Transportation Statistics 1999. (Washington, DC: 1998 and 1999).