Table 4-2 Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation

Table 4-2
Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation

(Petajoules, 10 to the 15th joules)

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  Canada Mexico United States
1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996
Total 2,037.7 2,269.1 2,325.1 1,275.3 1,399.1 1,435.2 23,780 25,400 26,020
Air 185.2 185.1 205.8 73.6 95.4 93.4 1,910 1,937 1,995
Jet fuel 179.7 181.0 201.9 71.9 91.5 92.2 1,865 1,902 1,959
Aviation gasoline 5.5 4.1 3.9 1.7 3.9 1.2 45 35 36
Road 1,494.4 1,631.3 1,661.0 1,147.0 1,253.5 1,289.1 N 19,278 19,752
Gasoline 1,176.0 1,213.7 1,229.4 837.9 928.9 944.4 14,445 15,438 15,762
Diesel 292.5 384.5 397.5 293.9 306.0 325.5 3,100 3,800 3,950
Other fuels 25.9 33.1 34.1 15.2 18.6 19.2 N 40 40
Pipeline 142.4 245.3 254.5 U U U 718 762 774
Natural gas 133.1 232.9 241.5 U U U 718 762 774
Electricity 8.7 11.0 10.8 U U U U U U
Diesel 0.6 1.4 2.2 U U U U U U
Rail 89.5 80.9 79.1 26.6 22.6 24.7 469 520 536
Distillate/diesel fuel 89.5 80.9 79.1 26.6 22.6 24.7 468 519 535
Freight rail 87.2 78.8 77.0 U U U 456 509 524
Intercity passenger 2.3 2.1 2.1 U U U 12 10 11
Electricity       U U U      
Intercity passenger NS NS NS U U U 1 1 1
Transit 19.0 24.6 23.5 N N N N 125 123
Electricity 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.7 3.5 3.6 17 18 18
Motor fuels                  
Gasoline 0.5 0.4 NS N N N 4 6 6
Diesel 12.8 13.4 12.7 N N N 95 99 97
Compressed natural gas 2.6 7.8 7.8 N N N N 2 2
Water transport 107.3 102.0 101.3 N N N 1,472 1,412 1,396
Residual fuel oil 60.1 55.7 55.3 20.7 1.4 1.6 999 930 900
Distillate/diesel fuel oil 47.2 45.5 45.4 4.7 22.7 22.9 302 342 365
Gasoline NS 0.8 0.6 N N N 171 140 131

KEY: N = Data are nonexistent. NS = Not significant. U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES

All Countries

Transportation energy consumption: Electrical systems energy losses are excluded from the overall total as well as individual modal totals.

Transit: Canadian and U.S. data refer to all transit, including local transit buses and other road transit vehicles, which are also reported under road. Some ferryboats are also included.

Mexico

Road, other fuels: Refers to liquified petroleum gas.

Road, gasoline, diesel, other fuels: Includes data on transit, motor fuels, and no breakdown is possible.

Rail, distillate/diesel fuel: Includes passenger and cargo services, and no breakdown is possible.

Transit, motor fuels: Data for subcategories cannot be separately identified for transit. Instead they are included in the fuel categories for road (gasoline, diesel and other fuels).

Water transport, residual fuel oil, distillate/diesel fuel oil: In 1991, vessel fuel usage began to change. Diesel began to be subsituted for residual fuel oil.

United States

Total: The total differs from the sum of the individual modes for reasons discussed in Appendix B.

SOURCES

Canada

All modes except transit rail: Statistics Canada. Quarterly Report on Energy Supply-Demand in Canada, Catalogue No. 57-003-XPB.  (Ottawa, Ont.: various quarterly editions).

Natural Resources Canada. Canada's Energy Outlook 1996-2020. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Transit rail: Statistics Canada. Passenger Bus and Urban Transit Statistics, Catalogue No. 53-215-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Mexico

Secretaría de Energía. Balance Nacional, Energía. 1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1998).

Comisión Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia. Private communication. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1998).

United States

Total: U.S. Department of Energy. Energy Information Administration. Annual Energy Review, 1997. (Washington, DC: 1998).

Air: U.S. Department of Transportation. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Office of Airline Information. Private Communication. (Washington, DC: 1998).

U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Aviation Administration. General Aviation and Avionics Survey. (Washington, DC: various  years).

Road: U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995. (Washington, DC:1996).

U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics, 1996. (Washington, DC: 1997). 

U.S. Department of Energy. Energy Information Administration. Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fuels, 1996. (Washington,  DC: 1997).

Pipeline: U.S. Department of Energy. Natural Gas Annual 1996. (Washington, DC: 1997).

Rail: Association of American Railroads. Railroad Facts, 1997 Edition. (Washington, DC: 1997). 

National Railroad Passenger Corp. State and Local Affairs Department. Private Communication. (Washington, DC: 1998).

National Railroad Passenger Corp. Director of Fuel Management. Private Communication. (Washington, DC: 1998).

American Public Transit Association. Transit Fact Book. (Washington, DC: various years).

American Public Transit Association. Private Communication. (Washington, DC: 1998).

Water transport: U.S. Department of Energy. Energy Information Administration. Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales. (Washington, DC: various years).

U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics, 1996. (Washington, DC: 1997).