Table 5-1 Domestic Freight Activity by Mode

Table 5-1
Domestic Freight Activity by Mode

(Millions of metric tons)

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  Canada Mexico United States
1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996
Total 623.3 711.8 734.6 380.1 429.3 445.2 6079.3 7062.0 7320.7
Air 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 7.7 8.5 9.8
Water transport 60.4 50.5 48.8 30.6 31.8 31.6 1014.0 985.4 991.9
Coastal shipping 26.2 22.6 21.1 30.6 31.8 31.6 270.9 241.9 242.6
Great Lakes 10.6 7.7 8.8 NA NA NA 99.9 105.3 104.2
Inland waterwaysa 23.6 20.2 18.9 NA NA NA 643.2 638.1 645.1
Pipeline 221.4 290.6 303.5 U U U 1416.2 1551.6 1611.8
Crude oil and petroleum products 145.8 174.5 183.4 U U U 958.9 1017.0 1067.8
Natural gas 75.6 116.1 120.1 U U U 457.3 534.6 544.0
Rail 191.8 203.0 200.0 34.7 30.7 30.2 1292.6 1405.8 1461.4
Road 149.3 167.3 181.9 314.7 366.7 383.3 2348.7 3110.7 3245.9

aCommercially navigable.

KEY: NA = Not applicable. U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES

Canada

Road: Includes only activity of Canadian domiciled for-hire carriers with annual intercity revenues greater than or equal to 1 million Canadian dollars; excludes local (less than 24 kilometers) deliveries and deliveries made by private trucks and small for-hire carriers.

Pipeline: Data are for both oil pipelines and natural gas.

Mexico

Total: Does not include data for pipelines because the data are unavailable.

Road: Includes only intercity truck activity on the Mexican federal highway system.

United States

Road: Data are for intercity for-hire and private truck only.

Pipeline: Data are for both oil pipelines and natural gas.

SOURCES

Canada

Air: Statistics Canada. Canadian Civil Aviation, Catalogue No. 51-206-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Coastal shipping, Great Lakes and inland waterways and rail: Transport Canada. Economic Analysis Directorate based on Statistics Canada data. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Pipeline: Statistics Canada. Oil Pipeline Transport, Catalogue No. 55-201-XPB, and Gas Utilities Transport and Distribution Systems, Catalogue No. 57-205-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Rail: Transport Canada. Economic Analysis Directorate, based on Statistics Canada data. (Ottawa, Ont: 1998).

Road: Statistics Canada. Trucking in Canada, Catalogue No. 53-222-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Mexico

Air: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. La Aviación Mexicana en Cifras 1990-1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1998).

Water transport: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Coordinación General de Puertos y Marina Mercante. Los Puertos Mexicanos en Cifras 1990-1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1997).

Rail: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Based on data from Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México. Series Estadísticas 1990, 1995 and 1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

Road: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Autotransporte Federal. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1998).

United States

Air: U.S. Department of Transportation. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Office of Airline Information. Air Carrier Traffic Statistics. (Washington, DC: various years).

Coastal shipping, Great Lakes and inland waterways: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Waterborne Commerce of the U.S., Part 5. (New Orleans, LA: Annual issues).

Pipeline, crude oil and petroleum products: Association of Oil Pipe Lines. Shifts in Petroleum Transportation. (Washington, DC: various years).

Pipeline, natural gas: U.S. Department of Transportation. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Special tabulation based on Department of Energy data. (Washington, DC: 1999).

Rail: Association of American Railroads. Railroad Facts, 1997. (Washington, DC: 1997).

Road: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc. Transportation in America, 1997. (Lansdowne, VA: 1997).