Table 5-2 Domestic Freight Activity by Mode

Table 5-2
Domestic Freight Activity by Mode

(Billions (thousand millions) of metric ton-kilometers)

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  Canada Mexico United States
1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996 1990 1995 1996
Total 520.7 602.8 614.3 154.1 206.0 212.7 5070.0 5784.7 5916.2
Air 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.0 10.9 15.6 16.0
Water transport 53.7 42.5 40.2 19.3 20.0 19.9 1217.0 1179.3 1116.4
Coastal shipping 14.0 10.5 10.3 19.3 20.0 19.9 699.5 642.9 595.8
Great Lakes 7.3 5.1 5.4 NA NA NA 89.0 87.2 85.2
Inland waterwaysa 32.4 26.9 24.5 NA NA NA 428.5 449.2 435.5
Pipeline 212.2 273.9 280.6 U U U 1259.5 1338.9 1364.6
Crude oil and petroleum products 102.8 103.9 105.0 U U U 852.8 877.6 904.0
Natural gas 109.4 170.0 175.6 U U U 406.7 461.3 460.6
Rail 199.6 220.0 221.4 25.0 22.0 21.0 1509.6 1906.3 1979.7
Road 54.7 65.8 71.5 108.9 162.8 170.8 1073.1 1344.6 1439.5

aCommercially navigable.

KEY: NA = Not applicable. U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES

Canada

Road: Data include only activity of Canadian domiciled for-hire carriers with annual intercity revenues greater than or equal to 1 million Canadian dollars. Data excludes local (less than 24 kilometers) deliveries, and deliveries made by private trucks and small for-hire carriers.

Pipeline: Data are for both oil pipelines and natural gas.

Mexico

Total: Does not include data for pipelines because the data are unavailable.

Road: Includes only intercity truck activity on the Mexican federal highway system.

United States

Pipeline: Data are for both oil pipelines and natural gas.

Road: Data are for intercity for-hire and private truck only.

SOURCES

Canada

Air: Statistics Canada. Canadian Civil Aviation, Catalogue No. 51-206-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Coastal shipping, Great Lakes and inland waterways and rail: Transport Canada. Economic Analysis Directorate based on Statistics Canada data. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).

Pipeline: Statistics Canada. Oil Pipeline Transport, Catalogue 55-201-XPB, and Gas Utilities Transport and Distribution Systems, Catalogue No. 57-205-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Rail: Transport Canada. Economic Analysis Directorate, based on Statistics Canada data. (Ottawa, Ont: 1998).

Road: Statistics Canada. Trucking in Canada, Catalogue No. 53-222-XPB. (Ottawa, Ont.: various years).

Mexico

Air: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. La Aviación Mexicana en Cifras 1990-1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1997).

Water transport: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Coordinación General de Puertos y Marina Mercante. Los Puertos Mexicanos en Cifras 1990-1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1997).

Rail: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Based on data from Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México. Series Estadísticas 1990, 1995 and 1996. (Mexico City, D.F.: various years).

Road: Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Dirección General de Autotransporte Federal. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1998).

United States

Air: U.S. Department of Transportation. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Office of Airline Information. Air Carrier Traffic Statistics. (Washington, DC: various years).

Coastal shipping, Great Lakes and inland waterways: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Waterborne Commerce of the U.S., Part 5. (New Orleans, LA: Annual issues).

Pipeline, crude oil and petroleum products: Association of Oil Pipe Lines. Shifts in Petroleum Transportation. (Washington, DC: various years).

Pipeline, natural gas: U.S. Department of Transportation. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Special tabulation based on Department of Energy data. (Washington, DC: 1999).

Rail: Association of American Railroads. Railroad Facts, 1997. (Washington, DC: 1997).

Road: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc. Transportation in America, 1997. (Lansdowne, VA: 1997).