The Bureau of Transportation Statistics’ (BTS) annual Omnibus Household Survey asks respondents about their weekly travel habits, journeys to work, opinions about the transportation system, and other transportation-related issues. This report presents key findings from the October 2005 survey 1:
The survey asked those who work or volunteer outside the home whether they think traffic congestion has gotten better or worse on their commute to work during the previous 12 months (table 1). Overall, 28 percent believed that congestion had gotten worse, 64 percent perceived no change, and 8 percent said that it had gotten better. It should be noted that 79 percent of the respondents to this question were from metropolitan areas. Of those living outside of metropolitan areas, over three-fourths perceived no change in congestion levels. However, in metropolitan areas, 61 percent felt that congestion levels had remained stable.
Telecommuting is advocated by proponents as a way to avoid congestion and to ease congestion by reducing the number of people taking trips to and from work. The survey asked several questions about telecommuting to find out how widespread the practice of working at home at least 1 day a week has become (table 2). About one in four paid workers who work outside the home said that part of the work they do could be done at home. Of those who felt that part of their work could be done from home, nearly 60 percent said that their employer allowed telecommuting sometimes. Of those whose employers allow work from home, about 40 percent actually worked at home at least once in the previous week. Overall, that means that about one-fourth of those who felt they could do some of their work from home actually did during the week of the survey.
All survey respondents, whether they had flown or not, were asked whether they thought passengers should be allowed to use cell phones on board flights if there were no issues with the phones interfering with aircraft communications systems. On this question there was clearly not a consensus. While 39 percent said that passengers should definitely or probably be allowed to use the phones, 47 percent said that they definitely or probably should not be used. Another 14 percent said that they weren’t sure (table 3).
Those 65 or older were much less likely to support use of cell phones on aircraft than the younger groups, and were most likely to say that cell phones definitely should not be used on board.
Forty-two percent of those surveyed had flown in the preceding 12 months, and those who had flown were asked their opinions of air travel security.
Overall, it appears that travelers had become accustomed to airport security in the post-9/11 environment, and they knew what to expect. Over 92 percent of travelers who had flown in the last 12 months said that the waiting time for security was what they expected or shorter than expected (table 4). Nearly 95 percent said that they were satisfied or very satisfied with the time taken at security.
Just over one-fourth of those who had flown had total or great confidence in the ability of security screeners to keep air travel secure (table 5). Another half had a moderate amount of confidence. About 8 percent said they had no confidence.
The survey asked people specifically about their travel habits going to and from work, both for those going to paid work as well as those going to do volunteer work.
About 57 percent of those surveyed worked for pay outside the home (table 6), and they traveled to work an average of 4.8 days per week (table 7). Among those who said that they did not work for pay, 13 percent did some type of volunteer work away from home. Volunteer workers traveled to their place of work an average of 2.1 times per week, less than half as often as did paid workers traveling to their place of work.
The predominant means for getting to work was driving alone in a personal vehicle, no matter where a person lived and whether they were working for pay or were volunteers. Those living outside of a metropolitan area were slightly more likely to drive alone than those inside a metropolitan area. Among volunteer workers, about 30 percent rode with others, compared to about 20 percent of paid workers.
Questions about typical weekly travel habits revealed a clear reliance on personal vehicles as the most frequently used mode of transportation.2
Respondents were asked to identify the transportation modes that they used during the week and the number of days that they used each. The overall average for personal vehicle use was 5.6 days per week, and 82.1 percent of those using a personal vehicle used it at least 5 days during the week (figure 1). The overall average of public transportation, bicycle, and taxi/limousine use was less than one-half day per week for each of these modes. However, many of those using public transportation were regular users as 36.3 percent used it at least 5 days a week.
About this Report
This report was prepared by Pheny Weidman, Survey Statistician, and Bruce Goldberg, Transportation Specialist, of the U.S. DOT Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
This Special Report presents some of the key findings from the BTS Omnibus Household Survey conducted in October 2005. The Omnibus Household Survey is conducted periodically to obtain information on how Americans use and view the transportation system in this country.
For related BTS data and publications: www.bts.gov