Table 14 Domestic- and Export-Bound Freight Shipments within the United States: 1997

Table 14 Domestic- and Export-Bound Freight Shipments within the United States: 1997

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Mode Value Tons Ton-miles
Billions of
1997 $
Percent Millions Percent Millions Percent
Parcel, postal, courier services 856 10.0 34 0.2 18 0.5
Truck (for-hire, private, both) 5,336 62.3 8,836 59.7 1,109 28.8
Rail (includes truck and rail) 436 5.1 1,676 11.3 1,132 29.4
Water 762 8.9 2,220 15.0 726 18.9
Air (includes truck and air) 653 7.6 10 0.1 6 0.2
Pipeline 231 2.7 1,448 9.8 656 17.0
Other and unknown modes 293 3.4 576 3.9 204 5.3
Totala $8,567 100.0 14,800 100.0 3,851 100.0

a Data from the Commodity Flow Survey (CFS), plus Bureau of Transportation Statistics estimates to fill in CFS gaps. The estimates cover out-of-scope farm-based truck shipments, truck and rail imports from Canada and Mexico, and air cargo and water imports and exports.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 1997 Commodity Flow Survey: United States (Washington, DC: December 1999).