3 - Mobility
3 - Mobility
The U.S. transportation network provides a high degree of personal mobility and freight activity. In 1999, the transportation network supported 4.8 trillion passenger-miles and about 3.9 trillion ton-miles. The data in this section confirm that local and long-distance travel and freight shipments continue to grow. Several factors influence this growth: greater vehicle availability, reduced travel costs, population increases, an expanding economy, and higher consumer incomes.
Table 6 Per Capita Passenger Travel and Freight Transportation
|Passenger travel (1995)|
|Local trips per person,a annual||1,568|
|Local trips per person,a daily||4.3|
|Long-distance tripsb per person, annual||3.9|
|Local miles per person,a annual||14,115|
|Local miles per person,a daily||39|
|Long-distance miles per person, annual domestic only||3,129|
|Freight transportation (1997)|
|Tons per person, annual||55|
|Ton-miles per person, annual||14,383|
Notes: Data used for local travel are from the Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey travel-day file and include trips of all lengths made by respondents on a single day; about 95% of these daily trips were 30 miles or less. Per capita calculations are based on population estimates within each survey, not from the Census Bureau estimate reported in the table.
Sources: U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), Federal Highway Administration, Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey, Our Nation's Travel (Washington, DC: 1997.); USDOT, Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) and U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 1997 Commodity Flow Survey: United States (Washington, DC: 1999); USDOT, BTS, American Travel Survey data, October 1997, person trip and demographic files; plus additional estimates prepared for the BTS by Oak Ridge National Laboratory.