Table 15 U.S. Commercial Freight Shipments: 1997

Table 15 U.S. Commercial Freight Shipments: 1997

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Mode Value Billions of 1997 $ Percent Tons Millions Tons Percent Ton-miles Billions Ton-miles Percent
Truck (for-hire,private, both) 5,336 62.3 8,836 59.7 1,109 28.8
Parcel, postal,courier services 856 10.0 34 0.2 18 0.5
Water 762 8.9 2,220 15.0 726 18.9
Air (includes truck and air) 653 7.6 10 0.1 6 0.2
Rail (includestruck and air) 436 5.1 1,676 11.3 1,132 29.4
Pipeline 231 2.7 1,448 9.8 656 17.0
Other andunknown modes 293 3.4 576 3.9 204 5.3
Totala $8,567 100.0 14,800 100.0 3,851 100.0

a Data from the Commodity Flow Survey (CFS), plus Bureau of Transportation Statistics estimates to fill in CFS gaps. The estimates cover out-of-scope farm-based truck shipments, truck and rail imports from Canada and Mexico, and air cargo and water imports and exports.

Sources: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 1997 Commodity Flow Survey: United States (Washington, DC: December 1999); and Oak Ridge National Laboratory data.