Figure 2 Fatality Rates for Selected Modes

Figure 2 Fatality Rates for Selected Modes

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Passenger Car Occupants

(Per 100 million vehicle-miles)

Year Passenger car occupants
Fatalities VMT (millions) Fatality Rate Per 100 million VMT
1980 27,449 1,107,056 2.48
1981 26,645 1,122,092 2.37
1982 23,330 1,145,828 2.04
1983 22,979 1,187,760 1.93
1984 23,620 1,226,461 1.93
1985 23,212 1,248,981 1.86
1986 24,944 1,277,550 1.95
1987 25,132 1,328,460 1.89
1988 25,808 1,384,047 1.86
1989 25,063 1,415,213 1.77
1990 24,092 1,427,178 1.69
1991 22,385 1,411,655 1.59
1992 21,387 1,436,035 1.49
1993 21,566 1,445,106 1.49
1994 21,997 1,459,208 1.51
1995 22,423 1,478,352 1.52
1996 22,505 1,499,139 1.50
1997 21,199 1,528,399 1.45
1998 21,194 1,549,577 1.37
1999   1,569,100 1.33
2000 20,699 1,600,287 1.29
2001 20,233 1,619,422 1.25

 

Light Truck Occupants

(Per 100 million vehicle-miles)

Year Light truck occupants
Fatalities VMT (millions) Fatality Rate per 100 million VMT
1980 7,486 290,935 2.57
1981 7,081 296,343 2.39
1982 6,359 306,141 2.08
1983 6,202 327,643 1.89
1984 6,496 358,006 1.81
1985 6,689 390,961 1.71
1986 7,317 423,915 1.73
1987 8,058 456,870 1.76
1988 8,306 502,207 1.65
1989 8,551 536,475 1.59
1990 8,601 574,571 1.50
1991 8,391 649,394 1.29
1992 8,098 706,863 1.15
1993 8,511 745,750 1.14
1994 8,904 764,634 1.16
1995 9,568 790,029 1.21
1996 9,932 816,540 1.22
1997 10,249 850,739 1.20
1998 10,705 868,275 1.23
1999   901,022 1.25
2000 11,526 923,059 1.25
2001 11,677 937,839 1.25

 

Large Truck Occupants

(Per 100 million vehicle-miles)

Year Large truck occupants
Fatalities VMT (millions) Fatality rate Per 100 million VMT
1980 1,262 108,491 1.16
1981 1,133 108,702 1.04
1982 944 111,423 0.85
1983 982 116,132 0.85
1984 1,074 121,796 0.88
1985 977 123,504 0.79
1986 926 126,675 0.73
1987 852 133,517 0.64
1988 911 137,985 0.66
1989 858 142,749 0.60
1990 705 146,242 0.48
1991 661 149,543 0.44
1992 585 153,384 0.38
1993 605 159,888 0.38
1994 670 170,216 0.39
1995 648 178,156 0.36
1996 621 182,971 0.34
1997 723 191,477 0.38
1998 742 196,380 0.38
1999   202,688 0.37
2000 754 205,520 0.36
2001 704 207,686 0.34

 

Motorcycle Riders

(Per 100 million vehicle-miles)

Year Motorcycle riders
Fatalities VMT (millions) Fatality Rate Per 100 million VMT
1980 5,144 10,214 50.36
1981 4,906 10,690 45.89
1982 4,453 9,910 44.93
1983 4,265 8,760 48.69
1984 4,608 8,784 52.46
1985 4,564 9,086 50.23
1986 4,566 9,397 48.59
1987 4,036 9,506 42.46
1988 3,662 10,024 36.53
1989 3,141 10,371 30.29
1990 3,244 9,557 33.94
1991 2,806 9,178 30.57
1992 2,395 9,557 25.06
1993 2,449 9,906 24.72
1994 2,320 10,240 22.66
1995 2,227 9,797 22.73
1996 2,161 9,920 21.78
1997 2,116 10,081 20.99
1998 2,294 10,283 22.31
1999   10,584 23.26
2000 2,897 10,469 27.31
2001 3,181 9,529 33.38

 

Air Carriers (actual and smoothed fatality rates)a

(Per 100,000 aircraft departures)

Year Air carriersa
Fatalities Departures (thousands) Fatality Rate Per 100,000 departures Actual Smoothed values
1978       3.1563 2.7745
1979       6.3989 2.8023
1980 1 5,479 0.01825 0.0183 3.0643
1981 4 5,329 0.07506 0.0751 2.8424
1982 235 5,351 4.39159 4.3916 2.6409
1983 15 5,444 0.27551 0.2755 2.7684
1984 4 5,899 0.06781 0.0678 2.5868
1985 526 6,307 8.34026 8.3403 2.4034
1986 8 7,202 0.11108 0.1111 2.8358
1987 232 7,601 3.05208 3.0521 2.6373
1988 285 7,716 3.69359 3.6936 2.6675
1989 278 7,645 3.63613 3.6361 2.7423
1990 39 8,092 0.48194 0.4819 2.8074
1991 62 7,815 0.79336 0.7934 2.6380
1992 33 7,881 0.41874 0.4187 2.5036
1993 1 8,073 0.01239 0.0124 2.3518
1994 239 8,238 2.90108 2.9011 2.1814
1995 168 8,457 1.98641 1.9864 2.2338
1996 380 8,229 4.61792 4.6179 2.2158
1997 8 10,318 0.07753 0.0775 2.3908
1998 1 10,980 0.00911 0.0091 2.2223
1999 12 11,309 0.10611 0.1061 2.0611
2000 92 11,437 0.80443    
2001 531 10,510 5.05241 5.0524 1.8376

 

General Aviation

(Per 100,000 aircraft-hours flown)

Year General aviation
Fatalities VMT (millions) Fatality Rate Per 100 million VMT
1980 1,239 36.4 3.40
1981 1,282 36.8 3.48
1982 1,187 29.6 4.01
1983 1,069 28.7 3.72
1984 1,042 29.1 3.58
1985 956 28.3 3.38
1986 967 27.1 3.57
1987 838 27.0 3.10
1988 800 27.4 2.92
1989 768 27.9 2.75
1990 767 28.5 2.69
1991 799 27.7 2.84
1992 867 24.8 3.50
1993 740 22.8 3.25
1994 730 22.2 3.28
1995 735 24.9 2.95
1996 636 24.9 2.55
1997 631 25.6 2.47
1998 624 25.5 2.45
1999 619 29.7 2.08
2000 594 29.1 2.04
2001 553 26.2 2.11

a For air carriers, the data were dampened, or smoothed, to reduce the month-to-month fluctuations. This dampening was performed using an exponential smoothing model, with a weight of 0.95. Departure data, and hence the denominator of the rates, are not strictly comparable between pre- and post- 1977 eras.

For large air carriers, fatalities resulting from the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks include only those persons onboard aircraft.

Source: Various sources, as cited in USDOT, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002).