Nearly 93 percent of the 82 million rural residents of the United States live within the service area of at least 1 commercial intercity transportation mode (bus, air, rail, or interstate ferry ).1 Nearly six million rural residents live outside of the service areas of all three intercity modes. Connecticut , Delaware , Massachusetts , New Jersey , and Rhode Island are the only states in which every resident lives within the service area of at least one mode.
What is a "transportation service area?" A Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) 2005 study defines it as the 25-mile area surrounding a nonhub or small hub airport, an intercity rail station, intercity bus terminal, or interstate ferry terminal . For large or medium hub airports, a 75-mile area was used. The study found:
A series of maps showing the locations of intercity transportation facilities across the United States by mode accompanies this study. The maps show the proximity of those facilities to rural areas.