Table 3-3: Shipments Originating in Michigan by Mode of Transportation: 1997

Table 3-3: Shipments Originating in Michigan by Mode of Transportation: 1997

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  Value Short tons Ton-miles
Number ($ millions) Percent Number (thousands) Percent Number (millions) Percent
All modes 320,536 100.0 382,277 100.0 70,963 100.0
Single modes 268,337 83.7 355,111 92.9 59,202 83.4
Truck 227,120 70.9 289,401 75.7 34,767 49.0
For-hire 140,068 43.7 148,872 38.9 26,315 37.1
Private truck 85,506 26.7 135,113 35.3 8,150 11.5
Rail 36,965 11.5 30,876 8.1 14,036 19.8
Water 433 0.1 29,979 7.8 9,779 13.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S
Great Lakes 433 0.1 29,979 7.8 9,779 13.8
Deep draft S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) 2,704 0.8 290 Z 204 0.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 33,468 10.4 16,816 4.4 10,084 14.2
Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier service 19,871 6.2 653 0.2 352 0.5
Truck and rail intermodal combination 13,375 4.2 2,142 0.6 2,898 4.1
Truck and water S S 6,224 1.6 3,392 4.8
Rail and water S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 25 Z 3,937 1.0 1,099 1.5
Other and unknown modes 18,732 5.8 S S 1,677 2.4

KEY: S = data do not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or other reasons; Z = zero or less than 1 unit of measure.

NOTE: The Commodity Flow Survey covers business establishments in mining, manufacturing, wholesale trade, and selected retail industries. The survey also covers selected auxiliary establishments (e.g., warehouses) of in-scope multiunit and retail companies. The survey excludes establishments classified as farms, forestry, fisheries, governments, construction, transportation, foreign establishments, services, and most establishments in retail. Due to industry-wide reporting problems, shipments by oil and gas extraction establishments are also excluded.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Commodity Flow Survey, Washington, DC: 1999, available at http://www.bts.gov/ntda/cfs/cfs97od.html as of Nov. 2, 2001.