Table 3-3: Shipments Originating in Pennsylvania by Mode of Transportation: 1997

Table 3-3: Shipments Originating in Pennsylvania by Mode of Transportation: 1997

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  Value Short tons Ton-miles
Number ($ millions) Percent Number (thousands) Percent Number (millions) Percent
All modes 297,308 100.0 548,166 100.0 75,869 100.0
Single modes 242,127 81.4 514,371 93.8 67,578 89.1
Truck 220,639 74.2 428,616 78.2 41,741 55.0
For-hire 129,877 43.7 230,072 42.0 31,606 41.7
Private truck 89,144 30.0 186,983 34.1 9,370 12.3
Rail 6,525 2.2 45,926 8.4 20,653 27.2
Water S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S
Great Lakes Z Z Z Z Z Z
Deep draft Z Z Z Z Z Z
Air (including truck and air) 9,605 3.2 215 Z 223 0.3
Pipeline 4,021 1.4 20,779 3.8 S S
Multiple modes 44,168 14.9 11,066 2.0 5,606 7.4
Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier service 42,762 14.4 1,298 0.2 945 1.2
Truck and rail intermodal combination 735 0.2 S S 842 1.1
Truck and water S S S S S S
Rail and water 65 Z 2,625 0.5 918 1.2
Other multiple modes 320 0.1 1,262 0.2 S S
Other and unknown modes 11,013 3.7 22,729 4.1 2,684 3.5

KEY: S = data do not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or other reasons; Z = zero or less than 1 unit of measure.

NOTE: The Commodity Flow Survey covers business establishments in mining, manufacturing, wholesale trade, and selected retail industries. The survey also covers selected auxiliary establishments (e.g., warehouses) of in-scope multiunit and retail companies. The survey excludes establishments classified as farms, forestry, fisheries, governments, construction, transportation, foreign establishments, services, and most establishments in retail. Due to industry-wide reporting problems, shipments by oil and gas extraction establishments are also excluded.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Commodity Flow Survey: Washington, DC: 1999, available at http://www.bts.gov/ntda/cfs/cfs97od.html as of Nov. 2, 2001.