Table 5-5: Highway Congestion in the 50 Largest Urban Areas: 2011

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Urban area Rank Population (thousands) Hours of delay (thousands) Hours of delay per commuter Cost of congestion
($ millions)
Cost of congestion per commuter ($)
Washington DC-VA-MD 1 4,613 179,331 67 3,771 1,398
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana CA 2 13,229 501,881 61 10,785 1,300
San Francisco-Oakland CA 2 4,101 155,157 61 3,279 1,266
New York-Newark NY-NJ-CT 4 18,946 544,063 59 11,837 1,281
Boston MA-NH-RI 5 4,320 136,966 53 2,922 1,147
Houston TX 6 4,129 145,832 52 3,120 1,090
Chicago IL-IN 7 8,605 271,718 51 6,214 1,153
Atlanta GA 7 4,360 142,041 51 3,135 1,120
Seattle WA 9 3,286 100,802 48 2,241 1,050
Philadelphia PA-NJ-DE-MD 9 5,381 156,027 48 3,387 1,018
Nashville-Davidson TN 11 1,145 35,781 47 801 1,034
Miami FL 11 5,482 174,612 47 3,749 993
Orlando FL 13 1,475 46,607 45 1,031 984
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington TX 13 5,260 167,718 45 3,578 957
Denver-Aurora CO 13 2,348 76,154 45 1,612 937
Portland OR-WA 17 1,925 51,987 44 1,130 937
Austin TX 17 1,345 38,307 44 810 930
Las Vegas NV 17 1,443 45,419 44 931 906
Virginia Beach VA 20 1,555 46,172 43 932 877
Bridgeport-Stamford CT-NY 21 938 26,503 42 566 902
Indianapolis IN 23 1,234 35,186 41 817 930
Baltimore MD 23 2,523 70,263 41 1,557 908
Charlotte NC-SC 25 1,070 28,974 40 653 898
Detroit MI 25 3,869 106,434 40 2,287 859
Columbus OH 25 1,289 35,689 40 753 847
Pittsburgh PA 28 1,761 46,725 39 1,007 826
San Jose CA 28 1,838 47,385 39 971 800
Riverside-San Bernardino CA 30 2,025 51,195 38 1,152 854
Memphis TN-MS-AR 30 1,058 28,700 38 636 833
Oklahoma City OK 30 983 25,182 38 543 803
Tampa-St. Petersburg FL 30 2,393 62,876 38 1,325 791
San Antonio TX 30 1,558 39,998 38 825 787
Cincinnati OH-KY-IN 37 1,717 42,785 37 947 814
San Diego CA 37 3,121 72,331 37 1,537 774
Phoenix-Mesa AZ 40 3,679 82,554 35 1,969 837
Louisville KY-IN 40 1,084 26,253 35 584 776
Minneapolis-St. Paul MN 44 2,757 60,788 34 1,260 695
Buffalo NY 45 1,048 21,545 33 474 718
Sacramento CA 47 1,895 39,138 32 834 669
St. Louis MO-IL 50 2,343 49,605 31 1,116 686
Cleveland OH 50 1,700 34,980 31 736 642
Jacksonville FL 53 1,083 22,629 30 486 635
Salt Lake City UT 53 1,027 21,903 30 449 620
Providence RI-MA 53 1,236 24,618 30 503 611
San Juan PR 60 2,333 45,991 29 980 625
Richmond VA 60 974 19,499 29 398 581
New Orleans LA 63 1,065 19,125 28 441 629
Milwaukee WI 63 1,496 27,755 28 599 585
Kansas City MO-KS 68 1,585 29,448 27 640 584
Raleigh-Durham NC 83 1,142 17,923 23 396 502

NOTES: Ranked by annual hours of delay per commuter. TTI's methodology changes periodically. When changes do occur, the methods are applied to all years, resulting in changes possibly over the entire period of data available. Consequently, the most recently published figures may not be comparable to those in past editions.

SOURCE: Texas A&M University, Texas Transportation Institute, Urban Mobility Report 2012, available at mobility.tamu.edu/ums as of April 2013.