Table 3-1: Shipments by Mode of Transportation for the United States: 2002

Table 3-1: Shipments by Mode of Transportation for the United States: 2002

(Commodity Flow Survey data)

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  Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles per shipment
Number ($ millions) Percent Number (thousands) Percent Number (millions) Percent
All modes 8,483,123 100.0 11,572,780 100.0 3,204,410 100.0 589
Single modes 7,052,924 83.1 10,878,148 94.0 2,913,015 90.9 285
Truck1 6,200,469 73.1 7,622,257 65.9 1,311,085 40.9 199
For-hire 3,838,514 45.2 3,665,982 31.7 1,001,463 31.3 577
Private truck 2,340,328 27.6 3,920,474 33.9 302,026 9.4 70
Rail 320,469 3.8 1,816,528 15.7 1,199,407 37.4 911
Water 90,895 1.1 713,884 6.2 323,085 10.1 577
Shallow draft 56,480 0.7 499,699 4.3 236,619 7.4 423
Great Lakes 787 Z 39,485 0.3 19,544 0.6 391
Deep draft 33,628 0.4 174,700 1.5 66,922 2.1 683
Air (including truck and air) 279,489 3.3 3,891 Z 5,560 0.2 1,819
Pipeline2 161,601 1.9 721,588 6.2 S S S
Multiple modes 1,110,975 13.1 198,454 1.7 214,833 6.7 911
Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 1,022,033 12.0 26,447 0.2 20,536 0.6 910
Truck and rail S S S S S S S
Truck and water 17,053 0.2 31,814 0.3 59,147 1.8 1,946
Rail and water S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 5,528 Z 28,047 0.2 19,600 0.6 173
Other and unknown modes 319,224 3.8 496,178 4.3 76,563 2.4 153

1 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by private truck only, for-hire truck only, or a combination of private and for-hire truck.

2 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.

KEY: S = withheld due to high sampling variability or poor response quality; Z = zero or less than 1 unit of measure.

NOTES: The data presented in these tables exclude shipments from the following establishments classified in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) as: farms, forestry, logging, fisheries, construction, publishing, and crude petroleum production; households; governments; and most retail and service businesses. Also excluded are most imports and commodities shipped from a foreign location to another foreign destination that pass through the United States. Estimates are preliminary and may be revised.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey: United States Preliminary Report, Washington, DC: December 2003.