List of Figures and Tables

List of Figures and Tables

List of Figures and Tables File Formats
Figure 2-1 U.S. Population: 1975-2025
Figure 2-2 Economic Growth in the United States: 1975-99 (Gross Domestic Product)
Figure 2-3 Federal Budget Outlays and Receipts: 1975-2005
Figure 2-4 Productivity Trends for Transportation Industries: 1955-97
Figure 2-5 Vehicle-Miles traveled (VMT): 1975-98 (annual totals)
Figure 2-6 Vehicle-Miles Traveled on Highways: 1975 and 1998
Figure 2-7 Percentage Deficient Bridges of Total Bridges: 1990-99
Figure 2-8 Congestion in 68 Urban Areas: 1982-97
Figure 2-9 Annual Person-Hours of Delay Per Eligible Driver: 1982 and 1997
Figure 2-10 New Technologies Drive Growth of Work at Home: 1990-99
Figure 2-11 Urban Rail System in the United States: 1975-2000
Figure 2-12 Transit Ridership: 1975-99 (Annual totals)
Figure 2-13 Amtrak Passenger Rail System: 2000
Figure 2-14 Amtrak Ridership: 1975-99 (Annual totals)
Figure 2-15 Enplanements in Major Markets: 1975-1998
Figure 2-16 Domestic Enplanements on U.S. Commercial Air Carriers: 1975-99
Figure 2-17 U.S. Domestic and International Freight Revenue Ton-Miles: 1975-99
Figure 2-18 Large Passenger Jet Aircraft in the U.S. Fleet: 1975-99
Figure 2-19 Domestic Load Factor for Large Commercial Air Carriers: 1975-99
Figure 2-20 Regional/Commuter Airline Revenue Enplanements: 1975-99
Figure 2-21 Regional/Commuter Passenger Aircraft Fleet: 1975-99
Figure 2-22 Average Trip Length on Regional/Commuter Carriers: 1975-99
Figure 2-23 U.S. All Cargo Fleet: 1975-99
Figure 2-24 Fixed-Wing Piston Aircraft: 1975-99
Figure 2-25 Fixed-Wing Turbine Aircraft: 1975-99
Figure 2-26 Commercial Satellite Launches by Country: 1998 (Percent of market share in 1998)
Figure 2-27 Domestic Enplanements on U.S. Commercial Air Carriers: Projected-2000-25
Figure 2-28 U.S. Commercial Air Carriers' Passenger Jet Aircraft: Projected-2000-25
Figure 2-29 Regional/Commuter Air Carrier Enplanements: Projected-2000-25
Figure 2-30 Regional/Commuter Commercial Passenger Aircraft Fleet: Projected-2000-25
Figure 2-31 U.S. Domestic Air Freight Revenue Ton Miles: Projected-2000-25
Figure 2-32 Commercial Launches by Country: 1982-2010
Figure 2-33 U.S. Waterborne Domestic Trade: 1970-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 2-34 U.S. Waterborne Foreign Trade: 1975-2001 (Annual totals)
Figure 2-35 The Saint Lawrence Seaway
Figure 2-36 U.S. Inland Waterway System: 1999
Figure 2-37 World Container Vessel Fleet: 1994-98
Figure 2-38 World Containerized Trade Moves: 1991-2001
Figure 2-39 Top U.S. Container Ports: 1987 and 1999
Figure 2-40 The Largest Container Vessels: 1980-2000
Figure 2-41 U.S. Total Waterborne Commerce: 1978-97
Figure 2-42 Index of Number of Commercial Trucks: 1975-98
Figure 2-43 Class I Railroad of Return on Net Investment: 1975-98
Figure 2-44 Class I Railroad Performance Indices: 1975-98 (1975=1.0)
Figure 2-45 Railroad Network Showing Volume of Freight: 1998
Figure 2-46 Top Four Largest Carrier' Enplanements: 1978 and 1998
Figure 2-47 International and Domestic Yield: 1978-98
Figure 2-48 Total Ton-Miles of Freight: 1975-97
Figure 2-49 Domestic Ton-Miles of Freight: 1975-97
Figure 2-50 Average Cost of Transportation One Ton One Mile: 1998
Figure 2-51 Freight Shipments by Value and Tonnage: 1977, 1993 , and 1997
Figure 2-52 Internet Commerce Revenues: 1997-2003
Figure 2-53 U.S. Percentage of Web Users and Internet Commerce Revenues as a Proportion of World Share: 1999-2003
Figure 3-1 Total Fatalities in All Modes of Transportation: 1975-98
Figure 3-2 Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalitiy Rate Per 100 Million Vehicle-Miles Traveled: 1975-99
Figure 3-3 Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities: 1975-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-4 Total Traffic Fatalities: 1975 and 1998
Figure 3-5 Highway Fatalities and Estimated Lives Saved (based on 1975 fatality rate per 100 million VMT)
Figure 3-6 Pedestrian and Bicyclist Fatalities in Motor Vehicle Crashes: 1975-98
Figure 3-7 Alcohol-Related Fatalities in Motor Vehicle Crashes: 1982-98 (Annual totals). Alcohol-Related Fatalities as a Proportion of all Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities
Figure 3-8 Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Limits: 2000
Figure 3-9 Alcohol-Related Traffic Fatalities: 1982 and 1998
Figure 3-10 Drivers in Fata Crashes with a Blood Alcohol Concentration of greater than or equal to 0.10, by Age: 1998
Figure 3-11 Legal Drinking Age: 1975
Figure 3-12 Estimated Number of Lives Saved Each Year by Use of Safety Belts: 1975-98
Figure 3-13 Key Provisions of Safety Belt Use Laws: 1999
Figure 3-14 Estimated Number of Lives Saved Each Year by Use of Child Restraints: 1975-98
Figure 3-15 Motorcycle Helmet Use Laws: 1998
Figure 3-16 Estimated Number of Lives Saved Each Year by Use of Motorcycle Helmets: 1975-98
Figure 3-17 Persons Killed per 100,000 Population in Highway Crashes by Age Group: 1998
Figure 3-18 Crash Rate per 100,000 Licensed Drivers by Age and Gender: 1998
Figure 3-19 Fatality Rate per 100 Million VMT by Age: 1996
Figure 3-20 Estimated Number of Lives Saved Each Year by Use of Air Bags: 1987-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-21 Maximum Rural Interstate Speed Limits: 2000
Figure 3-22 Fatalities in Large Truck Crashes: 1975-98
Figure 3-23 Number of Vehicle Inspections: 1984-99 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-24 Out-of-Service Inspections: 1984-99 (Annual percentage rates)
Figure 3-25 Fatal Accident Rate for Large Trucks and Passenger Vehicle: 1988-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-26 Fatalities in All Transit Incidents: 1990-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-27 Transit Incidents: 1990-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-28 Total Train Incidents: 1978-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-29 Fatalities in Train Incidents: 1978-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-30 Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Incident Rate: 1978-99
Figure 3-31 Grade-Crossing Fatality Locations: 1998
Figure 3-32 Grade-Crossing Fatality Locations: 1998
Figure 3-33 Highway-Rail Grade-Crossing Fatalities: 1975-98
Figure 3-34 Number of Highway-Rail Grade Crossing by Active and Passive Controls: 1990-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-35 Fatal Commercial Air Transportation Accidents: 1975-98
Figure 3-36 Commercial Air Transportation Fatalities: 1975-98
Figure 3-37 Fatal Accidents and Fatalities in General Aviation: 1975-98
Figure 3-38 Fatal U.S. Carrier Accidents Per 100,000 Departures: 1978-98
Figure 3-39 Probability that Passengers Will Survive an Air Carrier Flight
Figure 3-40 Fatalities Involving Recreational Boating: 1975-98
Figure 3-41 Recreational Boating Accidents: 1975 and 1998
Figure 3-42 Number of Recreational Boats: 1975-98
Figure 3-43 Recreational Boating Fatalities, by Cause: 1998
Figure 3-44 Fatalities Involving Commercial Wateborne Transportation: 1975-98
Figure 3-45 Lives Saved in Search and Rescue Missions: 1975-99 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-46 U.S. Coast Gurard Districts and the Number of Lives Lost and Saved: 1999
Figure 3-47 Pipeline Incidents: 1975-98
Figure 3-48 Fatalities in Pipeline Incidents: 1975-98
Figure 3-49 Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline System Leaks
Figure 3-50 Reported Hazardous Materials Incidents: 1975-98
Figure 3-51 Serious Hazardous Materials Incidents and All Hazardous Materials Incidents: 1990-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 3-52 Actual and Forecast Hazardous Materials Shipments
Figure 4-1 Proportion of Manufactured Goods as a Share of Total Value of Merchandise Exports: 1980 and 1997
Figure 4-2 Imports and Exports as a Percent of U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 1975 and 1999 (Chained 1996$)
Figure 4-3 U.S. Direct Investment Abroad: 1998
Figure 4-4 Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: 1998
Figure 4-5 New Automobile Sales in the United States: 1976-95
Figure 4-6 Open Skies Agreements with the United States: 2000
Figure 4-7 International Passengers Enplaned in the United States: 1975-98
Figure 4-8 Foreign Residents Visiting the United States: 1998
Figure 4-9 U.S. Residents traveling to Overseas Countries: 1998
Figure 4-10 International Aviation Load Factor: 1975-98
Figure 4-11 Hull Loss Accident Rates by World Region: 1988-97 (10 year averages) (Accidents per million departures for western-built transports)
Figure 4-12 Modal Share of U.S. International Merchandise Trade: 1997
Figure 4-13 International Freight Revenue Ton-Miles by U.S. Carriers: 1975-99
Figure 4-14 Express Carrier Hubs: 2000
Figure 4-15 Shipping Times from the United States: 2000
Figure 4-16 World Shipping Fleet: 1975-97
Figure 4-17 U.S. Share of World Shipping Fleet: 1975-97
Figure 4-18 World Shipping Deliveries: 1975
Figure 4-19 Oceanborne Foreign Trade: 1975 and 1999
Figure 4-20 Country Share of world Maritime Trade by Cargo Value: 1998
Figure 4-21 Top U.S. Oceanborne Foreign trade Partners: 1978 (Exports to U.S./Imports from U.S.)
Figure 4-22 U.S. Commercial Shipbuilding Orderbook History-Nonmilitary Ships of 1,000 Gross Tons or More: 1975-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 4-23 Total U.S. Surface Trade with Mexico and Canada: 1995-99 (Annual totals)
Figure 4-24 Merchandise Exports to Mexico: 1998
Figure 4-25 Merchandise Imports from Mexico: 1998 (Surface modes)
Figure 4-26 Merchandise Exports to Canada: 1998 (Surface modes)
Figure 4-27 Merchandise Imports from Canada: 1998 (Surface modes)
Figure 4-28 U.S. Surface Trade with Mexico (seledted modes): 1995-99 (Annual totals)
Figure 4-29 U.S. Surface Trade with Canada (selected modes): 1995-99 (Annual totals)
Figure 5-1 Dependence Ratio: 1950-2030
Figure 5-2 Additions to the Labor Force per Decade: 1950-2000
Figure 5-3 Drivers Licenses by Sex: 1975-95 (Five-year increases)
Figure 5-4 Licensing Rate of Whites and African-Americans by Age: 1995
Figure 5-5 Household Vehicle Ownership: 1969, 1977, 1983, 1990, and 1995
Figure 5-6 Distribution of the Private Vehicle Fleet by Age of Vehicle: 1977, 1983, 1990, and 1995
Figure 5-7 Personal Travel: 1977, 1983, 1990, and 1995
Figure 5-8 Commuting Flow: 1960-90
Figure 5-9 Transportation Choice for Trips Under 50 Miles: 1995
Figure 5-10 Annual Household Trips by Mode: 1997, 1983, 1990, and 1995
Figure 5-11 ADA-Accessible Vehicles by Mode: 1994-97
Figure 5-12 Mode of Transportation by Roundtrip Distance: 1995
Figure 5-13 Trip Purpose by Mode of Travel: 1995
Figure 5-14 Vehicle Use by Distance and Trip Purpose: 1995
Figure 5-15 Female-to-Male Ratios of long-Distance Travel-Miles by Purpose: 1995
Figure 5-16 Long-Distance Trip Making Rates by Age Group: 1977 and 1995
Figure 5-17 Annual Long-Distance Trip Rates: 1977 and 1995
Figure 5-18 Estimated Percentage of Total State Population Over the Age of 65: 1975, 1998, and 2025
Figure 5-19 U.S. transportation Energy Use: 1950-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 5-20 Transportation Energy Use by Mode: 1997
Figure 5-21 Changes in the Energy Intensiveness of U.S. Passenger Travel: 1975, 1990, and 1997
Figure 5-22 Petroleum Use in the U.S. Economy: 1975-99 (Annual totals)
Figure 5-23 Crude Oil and Gasoline Prices: 1970-99 (Chained 1996 U.S. dollars) (Annual totals)
Figure 5-24 Nonattainment Areas for Criteria Pollutants: 1998
Figure 5-25 Lead Emissions from Transportation: 1975-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 5-26 VOCs, NQx, and CO Emissions from transportation: 1975-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 5-27 Particulate Emissions: 1975-98 (Annual totals)
Figure 5-28 Carbon Dioxine Emissions by End-Use Sector: 1975-98
Figure 5-29 Average Fuel Economy of Highway Vehicles: 1975-98
Figure 5-30 Transportation Noise Levels
Figure 5-31 Estimated Population Exposed to Airport Noise Levels of DNL 65 db or More: 1975-99
Figure 6-1 Nationwide Differential GPS Coverage as of November 2000
Figure 6-2 Federal Funding for Intelligent Transportation Systems Program: 1997-2003
Figure 6-3 The Largest 78 Metropolitan Areas with ITS Deployments: 1997
Figure 6-4 Deployment of Traffic Signal Control Technologies: 1997
Figure 6-5 Deployment of Freeway Management Traffic Control Technologies: 1997
Figure 6-6 Deployment of Freeway Surveillance Systems: 1997
Figure 6-7 Deployment of Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Technologies: 1997
Figure 6-8 Designated High-Speed Rail Corridors: 2000
Figure 6-9 Projected Growth in Passenger-Miles in the Northeast Corridor: 1975-2025
Figure 6-10 Projected Growth in Passenger-Miles Outside the Northeast Corridor: 1975-2025
Figure 7-1 National Defense Reserve Fleet: 1975-99
Figure 7-2 National Port Readiness Network: 2000
Figure 7-3 The Strategic Highway Network (STRAHNET) and Major Military Deployment Sites: 2000
Figure 7-4 Worldwide International Terrorist Attacks: 1979-99
Figure 7-5 Worldwide Casualties Due to International Terrorism: 1993-98
Figure 7-6 Worldwide International Terrorist Attacks by Region and Year: 1993-98
Figure 7-7 Domestic Terrorist Incidents: 1990-97
Figure 7-8 Worldwide Violent Acts Against Transportation by Mode: 1998
Figure 7-9 Terrorist Attacks Against Transportation by World Region: 1998
Figure 7-10 Worldwide Terrorism Casualties by Transportation Mode: 1998
Figure 7-11 Worldwide Incidents of Piracy: Cumulative 1991 through 1999
Figure 7-12 Maritime Piracy Incidents: 1991-99 (Annual totals)
Figure 7-13 Hijaking Worldwide: 1970-98
Table 1-1 Forecasts Past and Future
Table 2-1 U.S. Oceangoing Merchant Marine: as of June 30, 1975 (Self-propelled vessel 1,000 gross tons)
Table 2-2 U.S.-Flag Oceangoing Self-Propelled Merchant Vessels of 1,000 Gross Tons and Over as of April 1, 1999
Table 2-3 U.S. Oceanborne Foreign Trade Top 10 Ports (1975)
(Thousands of tons)
Table 2-4 U.S. Waterborne Container Trade – Top 10 Ports
(Thousands of metric tons)
Table 2-5 Top 20 Container Ports: Throughput 1998
Table 2-6 Active Interstate Carriers by Fleet Size: 2000
Table 2-7 Airline Domestic Hubs
Table 2-8 World Container Port Ranking: 1998
Table 3-1 Transportation Fatalities by Mode: 1998 and 1999
Table 3-2 Total Fatalities in Motor Vehicle Crashes by Type of Crash: 1998
Table 3-3 Factors in Pedestrian Fatalities: 1998
Table 3-4 Factors in Bicyclist Fatalities: 1998
Table 3-5 Hazardous Materials Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for the United States: 1997
Table 4-1 Top 10 U.S. Merchandise Trade Partners, by Value: 1975 and 1998 (Millions of chained 1996 $)
Table 4-2 Global Brands Owned by Car Manufacturers Headquartered in the United States: 2000
Table 4-3 “Foreign” Vehicles Built in the USA
Table 4-4 “Domestic” Vehicles Built in Mexico and Canada: 2000.
Table 4-5 Top Selling Cars and Trucks in the United States: 1998
Table 4-6 Major International Airline Alliances
Table 4-7 Top 10 Shipments by Air, Ranked by Value: 1997
Table 5-1 Population and Passenger Travel in the United States: 1977 and 1995
Table 5-2 Average Household Size: 1970-98
Table 5-3 Licensing by Race/Ethnicity: 1995 (Percent)
Table 5-4 Transportation Energy Use by Mode: 1960-97 (Trillions of Btu)
Table 5-5 World Petroleum Resources
Table 5-6 Highway Noise Barrier Construction: 1970-98
Table 5-7 Wetlands Loss and Replacement for Federal-Aid Highways: 1996-99
Table 6-1 Metropolitan Intelligent Transportation System Infrastructure—Functions and Benefits
Table 6-2 Rural ITS Infrastructure—Functions and Benefits
Table 7-1 Maritime Security Program (MSP) Participants
Table 7-2 Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement (Fiscal year 1999 participants)
Table 7-3 Members of the Civil Reserve Air Fleet (CRAF)