The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures changes in the cost of labor to employers. Since the ECI is a fixed-employment-weighted index, it is free from the influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries.
Over the last decade, the rise of employment cost in the transportation industry was slower than in private industry as a whole and the rise of employment cost of transportation occupations was slower than the average of all workers. Between the third quarter of 2000 and third quarter of 2001, employment cost of transportation occupations increased 4.07 percent, a rate lower than that of all workers (4.00 percent), while employment cost of transportation industry rose at a even slower pace of 3.78 percent.
|Employment Cost: Total Compensation (Index)||Q3 00||Q3 01|
|All workers (private industry)||149.90||155.90|
|All workers (private industry) percent change from same quarter previous year||4.61||4.00|
|Transportation industry (private)||142.80||148.20|
|Transportation industry (private) percent change from same quarter previous year||2.96||3.78|
|Transportation occupations (private)||139.90||145.60|
|Transportation occupations (private) percent change from same quarter previous year||4.09||4.07|
NOTES: The current value is compared to the value from the same period in the previous year to account for seasonality.
Employment cost to employers is the total compensation cost incurred by employers in obtaining labor inputs. Compensation costs include wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits. Employment costs of transportation industry is the weighted average of the employment costs of all occupations working in transportation industries, including non-transportation industries. Employment costs of transportation occupations is the weighted average of the employment costs of all transportation occupations, including those working in non-transportation industries, such as truck drivers working for retail stores.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Cost Trends, Public Query Data, available at http://www.bls.gov/ecthome.htm.