Table 2-5 - Modal Shares of Freight Shipments within the United States by Domestic Establishments: 1993 and 1997

Table 2-5 - Modal Shares of Freight Shipments within the United States by Domestic Establishments: 1993 and 1997

Mode Value (percent) Tons (percent) Ton miles (percent)
1993R 1997P 1993R 1997P 1993R 1997P
Truck (for-hire, private, both) 71.2 69.4 53.1 58.3 24.4 27.9
Rail (includes truck and rail) 5.3 4.8 13.2 11.2 27.5 26.7
Water 2.9 2.5 12.2 11.1 23.2 20.4
Pipeline 5.0 4.2 15.5 13.7 18.0 17.6
Parcel, postal, courier services 9.1 10.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5
Air (includes truck and air) 2.2 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2
Other and unknown modes 4.2 5.6 5.9 5.5 6.5 6.8
Total (domestic plus export shipments) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

KEY: P = preliminary; R = revised.

SOURCES: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 1993 Commodity Flow Survey: United States, TC92-CF-52 (Washington, DC: 1995).

____. 1997 Commodity Flow Survey: United States Preliminary, EC97TCF-US(P) (Washington, DC: 1999).

Estimates for crude petroleum shipments by pipelines prepared for the Bureau of Transportation Statistics by Oak Ridge National Laboratory.