Table 4-1 - Fatalities, Injuries, and Accidents/Incidents by Transportation Mode

Table 4-1 - Fatalities, Injuries, and Accidents/Incidents by Transportation Mode

Year Air carriersa Commuter aira On demand air-taxib General aviationd Highwayc Raild Transite Waterbornef Recreational boating Gas and hazardous liquid pipeline
Fatalities: 1960-98                    
1960 499 N N N 36,399 924 N N 819 N
1965 261 N N N 47,089 923 N N 1,360 N
1970 146 N N 1,310 52,627 785 N 178 1,418 30
1975 124 28 69 1,252 44,525 575 N 243 1,466 15
1980 1 37 105 1,239 51,091 584 N 206 1,360 19
1985 526 37 76 956 43,825 454 N 131 1,116 33
1990 39 7 50 765 44,599 599 339 85 865 9
1995 168 9 52 734 41,817 567 274 46 829 21
1996 380 14 63 632 R42,065 551 264 50 709 R53
1997 R8 R46 R39 R660 R42,013 602 275 46 821 10
1998 P1 P0 R45 P621 P41,171 577 U P31 813 18
Injuries: 1985-98                    
1985 30 16 43 R483 N 31,617 N 172 2,757 126
1990 R29 11 36 R402 3,231,000 22,736 54,556 175 3,822 76
1995 25 25 14 395 3,465,000 12,546 57,196 145 4,141 64
1996 77 2 20 359 R3,483,000 10,948 55,288 129 4,442 R127
1997 39 1 23 365 R3,348,000 10,227 56,132 109 4,555 77
1998 P28 P2 P11 P332 3,192,000 10,156 U P83 4,613 75
Accidents/Incidents: 1985-98                    
1985 21 R18 R157 2,739 N 3,275 N 3,439 6,237 517
1990 24 R15 R107 2,215 6,471,000 2,879 90,163 3,613 6,411 378
1995 36 R12 75 R2,053 6,699,000 2,459 62,471 4,196 8,019 349
1996 38 R11 R90 R1,907 6,842,000 2,443 59,392 3,799 8,026 382
1997 49 17 82 1,858 6,764,000 2,397 61,561 3,704 8,047 350
1998 P48 P8 P79 P1,907 U 2,575 U P2,837 8,175 386

a Large carriers operating under 14 CFR 121, all scheduled and nonscheduled service. Includes only injuries classified as serious.

b All scheduled and nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 and all those operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

c Includes occupants of passenger cars, light trucks, large trucks, buses, motorcycles, other or unknown vehicles, nonmotorists, pedestrians, and pedalcyclists. Motor vehicle fatalities at grade crossings are counted here. The U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration uses the term "crash" instead of accident in its highway safety data.

d Includes fatalities and injuries resulting from train accidents, train incidents, and nontrain incidents, except at grade crossings. Injury figures also include occupational illness. Railroad accidents include train accidents only. Motor vehicle fatalities at grade crossings are counted in the motor vehicle column. Accidents and fatality figures include Amtrak.

e Includes motor bus, commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, demand responsive, van pool, and automated guideway. Some transit fatalities are also counted in other modes. Reporting criteria and source of data changed between 1989 and 1990. Starting in 1990, fatality figures include those occurring throughout the transit station, including nonpatrons. Fatalities and injuries include those resulting from incidents of all types. Accidents/incidents include collisions, derailments/vehicles going off the road, fires, and personal casualties. Injuries and fatalities include those resulting from all reportable incidents, not just accidents.

f Vessel casualties only.

KEY: N = data nonexistent; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

NOTE: Some fatalities in this table may be counted in more than one mode. Hence, the numbers in a row should not be totaled. Table 4-2 shows the total number of fatalities in 1997 without double counting.

SOURCES: Aviation(1997): National Transportation Safety Board, Press release 1998 SB-12, February 1998.Highway(1996 and 1997): U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts 1997: Overview, 1998, available at www.nhtsa.dot.gov.Rail(1997): U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railway Administration, Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report 1997 (Washington, DC: September 1998).Transit(all years): U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Safety Management Information Statistics (SAMIS) 1996 Annual Report (Washington, DC: May 1998).Pipeline(1997): U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, data available at www.ops.dot.gov/lq10_97.htm; www.ops.dot.gov/ng_97a.htm; www.ops.dot.gov/ng_97b.htm.All other data:U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics 1998, available at www.bts.gov, tables 3-1, 3-2, and 3-3.