Map - Type of Safety Belt Use Laws, by State: As of 2000

Map - Type of Safety Belt Use Laws, by State: As of 2000

Enforcement1:

No enforcement
State: New Hampshire

Secondary
States: Alaska (law took effect in 1990), Arkansas (law took effect in 1991), Arizona (law took effect in 1991), Colorado (law took effect in 1987), Delaware (law took effect in 1992), Florida (law took effect in 1986), Idaho (law took effect in 1986), Kansas (law took effect in 1986), Kentucky (law took effect in 1994), Illinois (law took effect in 1985), Maine (law took effect in 1995), Massachusetts (law took effect in 1994), Minnesota (law took effect in 1986), Mississippi (law took effect in 1990), Missouri (law took effect in 1985), Montana (law took effect in 1987), Nebraska (law took effect in 1993), Nevada (law took effect in 1987), North Dakota (law took effect in 1994), Ohio (law took effect in 1986), Pennsylvania (law took effect in 1987), Rhode Island (law took effect in 1991), South Carolina (law took effect in 1989), South Dakota (law took effect in 1995), Tennessee (law took effect in 1986), Utah (law took effect in 1986), Vermont (law took effect in 1994), Virginia (law took effect in 1988), West Virginia (law took effect in 1993), Washington (law took effect in 1986), Wisconsin (law took effect in 1987), and Wyoming (law took effect in 1989)

Primary
States: Alabama (law took effect in 1999), California (law took effect in 1986), Connecticut (law took effect in 1986), District of Columbia (law took effect in 1985), Georgia (law took effect in 1988), Hawaii (law took effect in 1985), Indiana (law took effect in 1987), Iowa (law took effect in 1986), Louisiana (law took effect in 1986), Maryland (law took effect in 1986), Michigan (law took effect in 2000), New Jersey (law took effect in 2000), New Mexico (law took effect in 1986), New York (law took effect in 1984), North Carolina (law took effect in 1985), Oklahoma (law took effect in 1987), Oregon (law took effect in 1990), and Texas (law took effect in 1985)

1 Primary enforcement allows police officers to stop vehicles and write citations whenever they observe violations of safety belt laws. Secondary enforcement permits police officers to write a citation only after a vehicle is stopped for some other traffic violation.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, "State Highway Safety Laws: Enforcement Provisions of Safety Belt Use," Aug. 1, 2000.