Table 2 - U.S. Commercial Freight Shipments by Value, Tons, and Ton-Miles: 1997

Table 2 - U.S. Commercial Freight Shipments by Value, Tons, and Ton-Miles: 1997

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Mode Value (1997 $billions) Tons (millions) Ton-miles (billions)
Truck (private and for-hire) 5,336 8,836 1,109
Parcel, postal, and courier 856 34 18
Water 762 2,220 726
Air (including truck and air) 653 10 6
Rail (including truck and rail) 436 1,676 1,132
Pipeline 231 1,448 656
Other and unknown 293 576 204
Total 8,567 14,800 3,851

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau,1997 Commodity Flow Survey, United States, EC97TCF-US (Washington, DC: 1999); and Oak Ridge National Laboratory data.