|Year||Air carriers1||Commuter air1||On-demand air taxi2||General aviation2||Highway3||Rail4||Transit5||Waterborne6||Re-creational boating||Gas and hazardous liquid pipeline|
1 Large carriers operating under 14 CFR 121, all scheduled and nonscheduled service.
2 All scheduled and nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 and all operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.
3 Includes occupants of passenger cars, light trucks, large trucks, buses, motorcycles, other or unknown vehicles, nonmotorists, pedestrians, and pedalcyclists. Motor vehicle fatalities at grade crossings are counted here.
4 Includes fatalities resulting from train accidents, train incidents, and nontrain incidents (e.g., fires in railroad repair sheds). Thus, the data cover many nonpassengers, making comparisons to other modes difficult. Motor vehicle fatalities at grade crossings are counted in the highway column. Figures include Amtrak.
5 Includes motor bus, commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, demand responsive, van pool, and automated guideway. Some transit fatalities are also counted in other modes. Reporting criteria and source of data changed between 1989 and 1990. Starting in 1990, fatality figures include those occurring throughout the transit station, including nonpatrons. Fatalities include those arising from incidents involving no moving vehicle (e.g., falls on transit property). Thus, the data cover many nonpassengers, making comparisons to other modes difficult. Prior to 1998, only data from directly operated transit services were reported. Beginning in 1998, fatality data for purchased transit service, such as paratransit services, were included.
6 Includes fatalities related to vessel and nonvessel casualties (e.g., an individual who falls overboard and drowns).
7 Rail, transit, and waterborne 2000 numbers are preliminary.
KEY: N = data are nonexistent; R = revised.
SOURCES: 1975-1999-U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001).
2000-Aviation: National Transportation Safety Board, Aviation Accident Statistics, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/aviation, as of Oct. 2, 2002.
Highway: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Fact Sheet 2000: Overview, DOT HS 809 329, (Washington, DC: 2001), table 1; and personal communication, Nov. 1, 2002.
Rail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety and Analysis, Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report 2000, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/officeofsafety/Forms/Default.asp, as of Dec. 7, 2001.
Transit: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Safety Management Information Statistics 1999, available at http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/Data/DamSam.asp, as of Dec. 7, 2001; and personal communication, Nov. 21, 2001.
Water: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues); and personal communication, Dec. 7, 2001.
Pipeline: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Pipeline Statistics, available at http://ops.dot.gov, as of Nov. 14, 2001.