Figure 1 - Labor Productivity Trends by Mode

Figure 1 - Labor Productivity Trends by Mode

(Index: 1975 = 100)

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Year Business Railroad Bus Trucking Air Pipelines
1955 63.9 45 101 67 33 23
1956 63.5 46 102 68 34 27
1957 64.6 45 102 69 35 26
1958 66.0 48 102 71 36 27
1959 69.3 52 105 74 39 32
1960 70.2 53 104 74 39 34
1961 72.5 57 106 76 42 36
1962 76.2 62 117 78 46 38
1963 79.1 65 117 81 51 42
1964 82.6 70 119 84 56 45
1965 85.9 77 124 87 62 54
1966 89.1 83 127 91 70 61
1967 89.4 83 124 88 74 68
1968 91.7 89 122 93 78 72
1969 91.6 92 118 95 80 78
1970 91.7 90 115 94 82 83
1971 95.4 90 110 99 87 86
1972 98.5 100 108 106 96 97
1973 101.1 109 110 108 98 102
1974 98.0 106 114 105 99 99
1975 100.0 100 100 100 100 100
1976 103.7 107 97 112 109 100
1977 105.1 113 102 112 114 104
1978 105.9 117 97 129 125 106
1979 105.3 119 101 131 136 106
1980 103.8 118 96 121 127 97
1981 105.5 122 88 130 127 90
1982 104.2 123 96 121 140 93
1983 108.9 153 95 147 154 98
1984 112.7 165 92 152 160 109
1985 114.5 170 90 146 165 110
1986 116.9 181 92 151 169 112
1987 117.9 216 97 156 180 110
1988 119.3 237 104 164 179 115
1989 121.0 244 102 170 172 113
1990 121.8 258 91 173 167 113
1991 122.1 269 96 182 166 109
1992 127.2 290 97 192 174 110
1993 128.6 307 101 197 180 115
1994 130.8 330 90 202 190 119
1995 131.7 349 97 195 195 127
1996 134.7 371 94 204 200 143
1997 138.7 382 111 206 201 148
1998 142.2 380 95 202 199 151
1999 146.1 394   205 195 165

NOTES: Output is measured by quality-adjusted ton- and passenger-miles for railroad and air transportation, quality-adjusted ton-miles for trucking and pipelines, and passenger-miles for buses. Quality-adjusted refers to differences in services and handling, e.g., the difference between flying first class and coach or differences in the handling requirements and revenue generation of high- and low-value commodities. No data are available for water transportation. Most recent data available are provided.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Productivity and Technology, available at http://www.bls.gov/iprdata1.htm, as of May 2001.