TABLE 2 Labor Productivity of the For-Hire Transportation Industries: 1990-2000

TABLE 2 Labor Productivity of the For-Hire Transportation Industries: 1990-2000

Index: 1990 = 100.0

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  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Railroad 100.0 107.8 117.8 122.7 126.8 131.8 140.9 143.3 146.2 154.0 165.2
Trucking, except local 100.0 105.2 111.1 114.0 116.6 112.9 117.8 119.2 116.9 118.5 118.1
Local trucking 100.0 104.9 120.7 123.4 129.0 134.8 138.0 141.6 154.6 163.0 165.3
Bus carriers, Class I 100.0 107.5 109.4 113.5 103.2 114.0 110.3 129.5 109.3 139.9 116.2
Air 100.0 99.6 104.3 107.9 113.8 116.9 119.6 120.1 116.7 117.4 119.2
Pipeline 100.0 96.6 97.8 101.9 105.5 113.3 127.5 131.1 134.0 141.9 137.7

NOTES: Labor productivity for transportation measures quality-adjusted ton- and passenger-miles per hour. Quality-adjustment corrects for differences in services and handling, e.g., the difference between flying first class and coach or differences in the handling requirements and revenue generation of high- and low-value commodities. Pipeline labor productivity is measured by output per employee. No data are available for water transportation. Raw data are not available from the sources.

Local trucking includes establishments that generally provide trucking services within a single municipality, contiguous municipalities, or a municipality and its suburban areas. Trucking, except local, includes common or contract carriers that generally provide trucking service beyond a single municipality, contiguous municipalities, or a municipality and its suburban areas.

SOURCES: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, calculation based on data from U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics Office of Productivity and Technology, "Industry Productivity Database," available at http://www.bls.gov, as of February 2003; and U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, "Gross Domestic Product by Industry," available at http://www.bea.gov, as of March 2003.