Modes included are heavy, commuter, and light rail; bus; demand responsive; trolley bus; ferryboat; vanpool; tramway; monorail; automated guideway; and inclined plane.
NOTES: Data for 2000 are preliminary. Beginning in 1991, fares include subsidies formerly classified as "Other" operating funding.
Commuter rail: Urban/suburban passenger train service for short-distance travel between a central city and adjacent suburbs run on tracks of a traditional railroad system. Does not include heavy- or light-rail transit service.
Heavy rail: High-speed transit rail operated on rights-of-way that exclude all other vehicles and pedestrians.
Light rail: Urban transit rail operated on a reserved right-of-way that may be crossed by roads used by motor vehicles and pedestrians.
Demand responsive: A nonfixed-route, nonfixed-schedule form of transportation that operates in response to calls from passengers or their agents to the transit operator or dispatcher.
All dollar amounts are expressed in chained 1996 dollars. Current dollar amounts (which are available in appendix B of this report) were adjusted to eliminate the effects of inflation over time.
SOURCES: American Public Transportation Association, Public Transportation Fact Book 2001, tables 18 and 26, available at http://www.apta.com/stats/fares/faremode.htm, as of February 2003. Modal definitions—U.S. Department of Transportaton, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Pocket Guide to Transportation 2003 (Washington, DC: 2003), glossary.