TABLE 3-1/3-2 Travel Time Index and Change by Metro Area Population for 75 Metro Areas: 1991 and 2001

TABLE 3-1/3-2 Travel Time Index and Change by Metro Area Population for 75 Metro Areas: 1991 and 2001

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Urban areas (≥ 1 million) Population (000) 2001 Travel Time Index 1991-2001 % change
1991 2001
New York NY-Northeastern NJ 17,160 1.28 1.41 10.16
Los Angeles CA 12,770 1.79 1.83 2.23
Chicago IL-Northwestern IN 8,110 1.35 1.49 10.37
Philadelphia PA-NJ 4,600 1.20 1.30 8.33
San Francisco-Oakland CA 4,045 1.42 1.60 12.68
Detroit MI 4,030 1.29 1.36 5.43
Dallas-Fort Worth TX 3,840 1.19 1.33 11.76
Washington DC-MD-VA 3,730 1.35 1.47 8.89
Houston TX 3,475 1.25 1.39 11.20
Boston MA 3,030 1.27 1.47 15.75
Atlanta GA 2,990 1.13 1.39 23.01
Phoenix AZ 2,900 1.24 1.43 15.32
San Diego CA 2,695 1.22 1.36 11.48
Minneapolis-Saint Paul MN 2,440 1.12 1.39 24.11
Miami-Hialeah FL 2,265 1.30 1.46 12.31
Baltimore MD 2,210 1.20 1.31 9.17
Seattle-Everett WA 2,065 1.41 1.43 1.42
Saint Louis MO-IL 2,055 1.11 1.21 9.01
Denver CO 2,025 1.19 1.47 23.53
Tampa-St Petersburg-Clearwater FL 2,000 1.29 1.32 2.33
Cleveland OH 1,870 1.06 1.12 5.66
Pittsburgh PA 1,790 1.09 1.10 0.92
San Jose CA 1,680 1.41 1.43 1.42
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach FL 1,625 1.15 1.40 21.74
Portland-Vancouver OR-WA 1,590 1.17 1.44 23.08
Norfolk-Newport News-Virginia Beach VA 1,520 1.14 1.19 4.39
San Bernardino-Riverside CA 1,445 1.27 1.39 9.45
Kansas City MO-KS 1,425 1.04 1.11 6.73
Sacramento CA 1,405 1.20 1.33 10.83
Milwaukee WI 1,400 1.12 1.26 12.50
Cincinnati OH-KY 1,290 1.12 1.26 12.50
San Antonio TX 1,260 1.07 1.21 13.08
Las Vegas NV 1,255 1.25 1.34 7.20
Orlando FL 1,220 1.19 1.32 10.92
Buffalo-Niagara Falls NY 1,115 1.04 1.08 3.85
New Orleans LA 1,095 1.19 1.18 -0.84
Oklahoma City OK 1,085 1.04 1.10 5.77
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach FL 1,075 1.14 1.26 10.53
Columbus OH 1,050 1.11 1.19 7.21
Indianapolis IN 1,030 1.08 1.26 16.67
Memphis TN-AR-MS 980 1.09 1.22 11.93
Providence-Pawtucket RI-MA 930 1.11 1.22 9.91
Salt Lake City UT 910 1.10 1.20 9.09
Jacksonville FL 890 1.12 1.16 3.57
Louisville KY-IN 840 1.10 1.22 10.91
Tulsa OK 805 1.05 1.13 7.62
Austin TX 760 1.13 1.31 15.93
Tucson AZ 705 1.13 1.25 10.62
Honolulu HI 700 1.21 1.19 -1.65
Richmond VA 700 1.05 1.10 4.76
Birmingham AL 670 1.06 1.17 10.38
Nashville TN 670 1.08 1.18 9.26
Charlotte NC 665 1.18 1.27 7.63
El Paso TX-NM 660 1.05 1.18 12.38
Rochester NY 655 1.04 1.06 1.92
Hartford-Middletown CT 645 1.09 1.12 2.75
Omaha NE-IA 630 1.10 1.17 6.36
Tacoma WA 615 1.13 1.27 12.39
Albuquerque NM 590 1.10 1.23 11.82
Fresno CA 560 1.13 1.17 3.54
Albany-Schenectady-Troy NY 520 1.04 1.07 2.88
Colorado Springs CO 470 1.04 1.19 14.42
Charleston SC 460 1.15 1.18 2.61
Bakersfield CA 410 1.04 1.06 1.92
Spokane WA 335 1.04 1.07 2.88
Corpus Christi TX 320 1.04 1.05 0.96
Pensacola FL 305 1.09 1.12 2.75
Fort Myers-Cape Coral FL 300 1.10 1.15 4.55
Anchorage AK 260 1.05 1.05 0.00
Eugene-Springfield OR 230 1.04 1.11 6.73
Salem OR 210 1.05 1.10 4.76
Laredo TX 190 1.04 1.08 3.85
Brownsville TX 160 1.04 1.08 3.85
Beaumont TX 145 1.04 1.06 1.92
Boulder CO 110 1.03 1.10 6.80

NOTE: The Travel Time Index is the ratio of peak period travel time to free-flow travel time. It expresses the average amount of extra time it takes to travel in the peak period relative to free-flow travel.

SOURCE: Texas A&M University, Texas Transportation Institute, 2003 Urban Mobility Report (College Station, TX: 2003), available at http://tti.tamu.edu/, as of October 2003.