TABLE 5-1/5-2 Travel Time Index and Change by Metro Area Population for 85 Metro Areas: 1993 and 2003

TABLE 5-1/5-2 Travel Time Index and Change by Metro Area Population for 85 Metro Areas: 1993 and 2003

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Urban areas Population (000) 2003 Travel Time Index 1993-2003 % change
1993 2003
New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT 17,700 1.28 1.39 8.59
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA 12,500 1.73 1.75 1.16
Chicago, IL-IN 8,125 1.34 1.57 17.16
Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD 5,285 1.20 1.32 10.00
Miami, FL 5,100 1.26 1.42 12.70
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 4,300 1.20 1.36 13.33
Washington, DC-VA-MD 4,270 1.38 1.51 9.42
San Francisco-Oakland, CA 4,125 1.44 1.54 6.94
Detroit, MI 4,050 1.36 1.38 1.47
Boston, MA-NH-RI 3,990 1.26 1.34 6.35
Houston, TX 3,750 1.24 1.42 14.52
Atlanta, GA 3,005 1.18 1.46 23.73
Phoenix, AZ 3,005 1.27 1.35 6.30
Seattle, WA 2,900 1.35 1.38 2.22
San Diego, CA 2,870 1.22 1.41 15.57
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN 2,475 1.16 1.34 15.52
Baltimore, MD 2,310 1.20 1.37 14.17
St. Louis, MO-IL 2,075 1.18 1.22 3.39
Denver-Aurora, CO 2,050 1.24 1.40 12.90
Tampa-St. Petersburg, FL 2,050 1.30 1.33 2.31
Cleveland, OH 1,880 1.08 1.09 0.93
Pittsburgh, PA 1,795 1.09 1.10 0.92
San Jose, CA 1,675 1.34 1.37 2.24
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 1,670 1.27 1.37 7.87
Portland, OR-WA 1,670 1.24 1.37 10.48
Sacramento, CA 1,655 1.19 1.37 15.13
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 1,605 1.15 1.22 6.09
Virginia Beach, VA 1,535 1.13 1.21 7.08
Kansas City, MO-KS 1,500 1.06 1.11 4.72
Milwaukee, WI 1,450 1.17 1.21 3.42
Las Vegas, NV 1,360 1.24 1.39 12.10
San Antonio, TX 1,330 1.07 1.22 14.02
Orlando, FL 1,260 1.21 1.30 7.44
Providence, RI-MA 1,230 1.11 1.19 7.21
Columbus, OH 1,190 1.14 1.19 4.39
Buffalo, NY 1,130 1.04 1.10 5.77
New Orleans, LA 1,095 1.16 1.19 2.59
Oklahoma City, OK 1,090 1.04 1.10 5.77
Indianapolis, IN 1,035 1.16 1.24 6.90
Memphis, TN-MS-AR 995 1.11 1.22 9.91
Nashville-Davidson, TN 960 1.09 1.18 8.26
Jacksonville, FL 925 1.14 1.18 3.51
Salt Lake City, UT 920 1.13 1.28 13.27
Richmond, VA 915 1.07 1.09 1.87
Louisville, KY-IN 890 1.15 1.24 7.83
Hartford, CT 880 1.07 1.11 3.74
Bridgeport-Stamford, CT-NY 860 1.15 1.29 12.17
Austin, TX 855 1.14 1.33 16.67
Tulsa, OK 810 1.05 1.10 4.76
Raleigh-Durham, NC 785 1.12 1.19 6.25
Dayton, OH 740 1.07 1.08 0.93
Charlotte, NC-SC 725 1.17 1.31 11.97
Tucson, AZ 720 1.14 1.31 14.91
Honolulu, HI 700 1.19 1.21 1.68
Birmingham, AL 680 1.08 1.17 8.33
El Paso, TX-NM 670 1.07 1.17 9.35
Rochester, NY 660 1.04 1.07 2.88
Springfield, MA-CT 655 1.06 1.06 0.00
Omaha, NE-IA 635 1.10 1.18 7.27
Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ 630 1.12 1.14 1.79
Fresno, CA 595 1.12 1.14 1.79
Akron, OH 590 1.06 1.09 2.83
Grand Rapids, MI 585 1.11 1.14 2.70
Sarasota-Bradenton, FL 575 1.18 1.25 5.93
Oxnard-Ventura, CA 575 1.10 1.23 11.82
Albuquerque, NM 560 1.14 1.17 2.63
New Haven, CT 550 1.08 1.13 4.63
Albany-Schenectady, NY 525 1.04 1.08 3.85
Toledo, OH-MI 520 1.04 1.10 5.77
Colorado Springs, CO 480 1.07 1.19 11.21
Charleston-North Charleston, SC 470 1.15 1.20 4.35
Bakersfield, CA 440 1.04 1.07 2.88
Columbia, SC 430 1.04 1.06 1.92
Spokane, WA 355 1.08 1.08 0.00
Little Rock, AR 345 1.03 1.06 2.91
Cape Coral, FL 325 1.11 1.18 6.31
Corpus Christi, TX 320 1.03 1.05 1.94
Pensacola, FL-AL 310 1.11 1.12 0.90
Anchorage, AK 275 1.03 1.05 1.94
Eugene, OR 240 1.05 1.11 5.71
Salem, OR 215 1.06 1.11 4.72
Laredo, TX 200 1.04 1.08 3.85
Brownsville, TX 160 1.04 1.06 1.92
Beaumont, TX 145 1.04 1.07 2.88
Boulder, CO 115 1.05 1.08 2.86

NOTE: The Travel Time Index is the ratio of peak period travel time to free-flow travel time. It expresses the average amount of extra time it takes to travel in the peak period relative to free-flow travel.

SOURCE: Texas A&M University, Texas Transportation Institute, 2005 Urban Mobility Report (College Station, TX: 2005), also available at http://tti.tamu.edu/, as of May 2005.