TABLE 10-8a Net Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation by Mode: Fiscal Years 1992-2002

TABLE 10-8a Net Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation by Mode: Fiscal Years 1992-2002

Millions of chained 2000 dollars

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  1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Highway -5,204 -5,248 -7,592 -9,391 -9,645 -8,441 -11,693 -10,410 -8,909 -5,297 -4,238
Autos, pickups, and vans -5,340 -5,390 -7,740 -9,530 -9,784 -8,584 -11,822 -10,558 -9,086 -5,494 -4,452
School buses 83 85 92 89 89 91 87 96 109 116 125
Transit buses 56 58 62 60 60 61 59 65 74 78 84
Intercity buses -2 -2 -6 -10 -11 -8 -16 -12 -7 2 5
Air 4,253 4,338 4,143 3,893 6,192 4,463 1,120 -1,083 -446 2,898 4,026
Commercial aviation 3,091 3,065 2,993 2,774 4,944 3,373 -19 -2,073 -1,433 1,472 2,831
General aviation 1,162 1,274 1,150 1,119 1,248 1,090 1,139 991 987 1,427 1,194
Transit 4,570 4,200 4,364 5,007 4,796 4,918 4,564 4,402 5,334 6,917 7,314
Railroad 1,031 872 858 1,049 994 1,099 2,160 1,434 629 591 1,093
Total, all modes 4,651 4,162 1,773 558 2,338 2,039 -3,849 -5,657 -3,392 5,108 8,195

NOTES: Data may not add to total because of independent rounding. To eliminate the effects of inflation over time, the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) converted current dollars (see table 10-8b) to chained 2000 dollars.

Net federal subsidy is estimated as federal outlays minus federal receipts from transportation taxes and user fees. Actual outlays and receipts are used in the calculation. Negative numbers show user charge payments to the federal government in excess of cost responsibility. The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 allowed motor fuel distributors to delay until Oct. 5, 1998, the payment of fuel taxes that otherwise would be due in August and September of 1998. This provision effectively shifted about $6 billion in Highway Trust Fund receipts from 1998 to 1999. BTS included these funds in fiscal year 1998, when they were actually paid by highway users.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, "Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation," December 2004, available at http://www.bts.gov, as of February 2005.