TABLE 10-8b Net Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation by Mode: Fiscal Years 1992-2002

TABLE 10-8b Net Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation by Mode: Fiscal Years 1992-2002

Millions of current dollars

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  1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Highway -4,184 -4,394 -6,558 -8,391 -8,798 -7,866 -11,022 -10,085 -8,909 -5,398 -4,459
Autos, pickups, and vans -4,294 -4,513 -6,686 -8,515 -8,925 -8,000 -11,144 -10,229 -9,086 -5,598 -4,684
School buses 66 72 79 79 82 84 82 93 109 118 131
Transit buses 45 48 54 54 55 57 55 63 74 80 89
Intercity buses -1 -1 -5 -9 -10 -8 -15 -12 -7 2 6
Air 3,420 3,633 3,578 3,478 5,648 4,159 1,056 -1,049 -446 2,953 4,235
Commercial aviation 2,486 2,566 2,585 2,479 4,510 3,143 -17 -2,009 -1,433 1,500 2,979
General aviation 935 1,067 993 999 1,139 1,016 1,074 960 987 1,454 1,257
Transit 3,675 3,517 3,770 4,474 4,375 4,583 4,302 4,265 5,334 7,048 7,695
Railroad 829 730 741 938 907 1,024 2,036 1,389 629 602 1,150
Total, all modes 3,740 3,485 1,531 499 2,132 1,900 -3,628 -5,480 -3,392 5,205 8,621

NOTES: Data may not add to total because of independent rounding.

Net federal subsidy is estimated as federal outlays minus federal receipts from transportation taxes and user fees. Actual outlays and receipts are used in the calculation. Negative numbers show user charge payments to the federal government in excess of cost responsibility. The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 allowed motor fuel distributors to delay until Oct. 5, 1998, the payment of fuel taxes that otherwise would be due in August and September of 1998. This provision effectively shifted about $6 billion in Highway Trust Fund receipts from 1998 to 1999. The Bureau of Transportation Statistics included these funds in fiscal year 1998, when they were actually paid by highway users.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, "Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation," December 2004, available at http://www.bts.gov/, as of February 2005.