TABLE 10-9a Net Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation per Thousand Passenger-Miles by Mode: Fiscal Years 1992-2002

TABLE 10-9a Net Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation per Thousand Passenger-Miles by Mode: Fiscal Years 1992-2002

Chained 2000 dollars per thousand passenger-miles

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  1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Highway -1.5 -1.5 -2.1 -2.5 -2.5 -2.2 -2.9 -2.5 -2.1 -1.2 -0.9
Autos, pickups, and vans -1.6 -1.5 -2.2 -2.7 -2.7 -2.3 -3.1 -2.7 -2.3 -1.3 -1.0
Buses 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.4 2.9 3.2 3.7 4.0 4.4
Air 11.6 11.7 10.4 9.4 13.9 9.6 2.4 -2.2 -0.8 5.8 U
Commercial aviation 8.7 8.5 7.7 6.9 11.4 7.5 0.0 -4.2 -2.8 3.0 5.9
General aviation 107.6 128.7 117.4 103.6 104.0 87.2 86.9 70.3 64.9 89.7 U
Transit 113.6 106.6 110.2 125.8 115.9 116.2 103.4 96.0 111.9 141.0 151.4
Railroad 169.3 140.6 145.0 189.2 196.9 212.7 407.2 269.0 114.4 106.2 199.9
Total, all modes 1.2 1.0 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.5 -0.8 -1.2 -0.7 1.0 1.6

KEY: U = data are unavailable.

NOTES: Data may not add to total because of independent rounding. Net federal subsidy is estimated as federal outlays minus federal receipts from transportation taxes and user fees. Actual outlays and receipts are used in the calculation. Negative numbers show user charge payments to the federal government in excess of cost responsibility. The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 allowed motor fuel distributors to delay until Oct. 5, 1998, the payment of fuel taxes that otherwise would be due in August and September of 1998. This provision effectively shifted about $6 billion in Highway Trust Fund receipts from 1998 to 1999. The Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) included these funds in fiscal year 1998, when they were actually paid by highway users. There is some double counting of bus passenger-miles in the highway and transit modes. However, no adjustments were made since data are not available to reliably estimate the magnitude of the double counting.

To eliminate the effects of inflation over time, BTS converted current dollars (see table 10-9b) to chained 2000 dollars.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, "Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation," December 2004, available at http://www.bts.gov/, as of February 2005.