TABLE C-8 Net Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation by Mode: Fiscal Years 1993-2003

TABLE C-8 Net Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation by Mode: Fiscal Years 1993-2003

Net federal subsidy is estimated as federal outlays minus federal receipts from transportation taxes and user fees.

Chained 2000 dollars (millions)

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  Highway Autos, pickups, and vans School buses Transit buses Intercity buses Air Commercial aviation General aviation Transit Railroad Total, all modes
1993 −5,248 −5,390 85 58 −2 4,338 3,065 1,274 4,200 872 4,162
1994 −7,592 −7,740 92 62 −6 4,143 2,993 1,150 4,364 858 1,773
1995 −9,391 −9,530 89 60 −10 3,893 2,774 1,119 5,007 1,049 558
1996 −9,645 −9,784 89 60 −11 6,192 4,944 1,248 4,796 994 2,338
1997 −8,441 −8,584 91 61 −8 4,463 3,373 1,090 4,918 1,099 2,039
1998 −11,693 −11,822 87 59 −16 1,120 −19 1,139 4,564 2,160 −3,849
1999 −10,410 −10,558 96 65 −12 −1,083 −2,073 991 4,402 1,434 −5,657
2000 −8,909 −9,086 109 74 −7 −446 −1,433 987 5,334 629 −3,392
2001 −5,297 −5,494 116 78 2 2,898 1,472 1,427 6,917 591 5,108
2002 −4,238 −4,452 125 84 5 4,026 2,831 1,194 7,314 1,093 8,195
2003 U U U U U U U U U 976 U

Current dollars (millions)

  Highway Autos, pickups, and vans School buses Transit buses Intercity buses Air Commercial aviation General aviation Transit Railroad Total, all modes
1993 −4,394 −4,513 72 48 −1 3,633 2,566 1,067 3,517 730 3,485
1994 −6,558 −6,686 79 54 −5 3,578 2,585 993 3,770 741 1,531
1995 −8,391 −8,515 79 54 −9 3,478 2,479 999 4,474 938 499
1996 −8,798 −8,925 82 55 −10 5,648 4,510 1,139 4,375 907 2,132
1997 −7,866 −8,000 84 57 −8 4,159 3,143 1,016 4,583 1,024 1,900
1998 −11,022 −11,144 82 55 −15 1,056 −17 1,074 4,302 2,036 −3,628
1999 −10,085 −10,229 93 63 −12 −1,049 −2,009 960 4,265 1,389 −5,480
2000 −8,909 −9,086 109 74 −7 −446 −1,433 987 5,334 629 −3,392
2001 −5,398 −5,598 118 80 2 2,953 1,500 1,454 7,048 602 5,205
2002 −4,459 −4,684 131 89 6 4,235 2,979 1,257 7,695 1,150 8,621
2003 U U U U U U U U 4,922 1,051 U

KEY: U = data are unavailable.

NOTES: Data may not add to total because of independent rounding. Actual outlays and receipts are used in the calculation. Negative numbers show user charge payments to the federal government in excess of cost responsibility. The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 allowed motor fuel distributors to delay until Oct. 5, 1998, the payment of fuel taxes that otherwise would be due in August and September of 1998. This provision effectively shifted about $6 billion in Highway Trust Fund receipts from 1998 to 1999. The Bureau of Transportation Statistics included these funds in fiscal year 1998, when they were actually paid by highway users.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Federal Subsidies to Passenger Transportation, available at http://www.bts.gov/, as of December 2006.