TABLE E-9 Average Fuel Efficiency of U.S. Passenger Cars and Light Trucks: 1995-2005

TABLE E-9 Average Fuel Efficiency of U.S. Passenger Cars and Light Trucks: 1995-2005

Miles per gallon

Excel | CSV

  Average U.S. passenger car fuel efficiency (calendar year) New vehicle fuel efficiency (model year) CAFE standards (model year)
Passenger car Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle Passenger car Domestic Imported Light truck (<8,500 lbs GVWR) Passenger car Light truck
1995 21.1 17.3 28.6 27.7 30.3 20.5 27.5 20.6
1996 21.2 17.2 28.5 28.1 29.6 20.8 27.5 20.7
1997 21.5 17.2 28.7 27.8 30.1 20.6 27.5 20.7
1998 21.6 17.2 28.8 28.6 29.2 21.0 27.5 20.7
1999 21.4 17.0 28.3 28.0 29.0 20.9 27.5 20.7
2000 21.9 17.4 28.5 28.7 28.3 21.3 27.5 20.7
2001 22.1 17.6 28.8 28.7 29.0 20.9 27.5 20.7
2002 22.0 17.5 29.0 29.1 28.8 21.4 27.5 20.7
2003 22.2 16.2 29.5 29.1 29.9 21.8 27.5 20.7
2004 22.5 16.2 29.1 29.3 28.7 21.5 27.5 20.7
2005 22.9 16.2 30.0 30.0 29.9 21.8 27.5 21.0

KEY: CAFE = Corporate Average Fuel Economy; GVWR = gross vehicle weight rating; U = data are unavailable.

NOTES: New vehicle fuel efficiency and CAFE standards assume 55% city and 45% highway-miles. The fuel efficiency figures for light duty vehicles represent the sales-weighted harmonic average of the combined passenger car and light truck fuel economies.

SOURCES: Average U.S. passenger car fuel efficiency: 1980-1994-U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A. (Revised data obtained from Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/ohimstat.htm as of August 2, 2001). 1995-2004-USDOT, FHWA, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: annual issues), table VM-1.
New vehicle fuel efficiency (based on model year production) and CAFE standards: 1995-2005-USDOT, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Summary of Fuel Economy Performance (Washington, DC: 2005).