TABLE B-4 Injured Persons by Transportation Mode: 1995-2006

TABLE B-4 Injured Persons by Transportation Mode: 1995-2006

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  1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Air 452 467 417 369 406 357 368 335 365 304 302 287
U.S. air carrier 25 77 43 30 67 29 19 22 29 21 13 9
Commuter carrier 17 2 1 2 2 7 4 0 1 0 0 1
On-demand air taxi 14 22 23 10 15 12 24 16 12 17 20 16
General aviation 396 366 350 327 322 309 321 297 323 266 269 261
Highway 3,465,000 3,483,000 3,348,000 3,192,000 3,236,000 3,189,000 3,033,000 2,926,000 2,889,000 2,788,000 2,699,000 2,575,000
Passenger car occupants 2,469,000 2,458,000 2,341,000 2,201,000 2,138,000 2,052,000 1,927,000 1,805,000 1,756,000 1,643,000 1,573,000 1,475,000
Motorcyclists 57,000 55,000 53,000 49,000 50,000 58,000 60,000 65,000 67,000 76,000 87,000 88,000
Truck occupants, light 722,000 761,000 755,000 763,000 847,000 887,000 861,000 879,000 889,000 900,000 872,000 857,000
Truck occupants, large 30,000 33,000 31,000 29,000 33,000 31,000 29,000 26,000 27,000 27,000 27,000 23,000
Bus occupants 19,000 20,000 17,000 16,000 22,000 18,000 15,000 19,000 18,000 16,000 11,000 10,000
Pedestrians 86,000 82,000 77,000 69,000 85,000 78,000 78,000 71,000 70,000 68,000 64,000 61,000
Pedalcyclists 67,000 58,000 58,000 53,000 51,000 51,000 45,000 48,000 46,000 41,000 45,000 44,000
Other 14,000 15,000 17,000 12,000 10,000 15,000 17,000 13,000 15,000 17,000 18,000 18,000
Pipeline 64 127 77 81 108 81 61 49 71 60 47 32
Hazardous liquid pipeline 11 13 5 6 20 4 10 0 5 16 2 2
Gas pipeline 53 114 72 75 88 77 51 49 66 44 45 30
Railroad 14,440 12,558 11,767 11,459 11,700 11,643 10,985 11,103 9,245 9,157 9,429 8,324
Highway-rail grade crossing 1,894 1,610 1,540 1,303 1,396 1,219 1,157 999 1,035 1,091 1,023 1,030
Railroad 12,546 10,948 10,227 10,156 10,304 10,424 9,828 10,104 8,210 8,066 8,406 7,294
Transit 57,196 55,288 56,132 55,990 55,325 56,697 53,945 19,260 18,235 18,982 18,131 18,327
Highway-rail grade crossing 195 184 126 58 159 123 74 108 117 153 194 172
Transit 57,001 55,104 56,006 55,932 55,166 56,574 53,871 19,152 18,118 18,829 17,937 18,155
Waterborne 6,165 6,064 5,737 5,321 4,992 5,112 5,008 4,856 4,666 4,066 4,095 5,245
Vessel-related 154 254 120 130 152 150 210 192 227 198 140 177
Not related to vessel casualties 1,870 1,368 1,062 579 525 607 524 602 551 505 504 594
Recreational boating 4,141 4,442 4,555 4,612 4,315 4,355 4,274 4,062 3,888 3,363 3,451 4,474

NOTES: Air injuries include all injuries classified as serious. U.S. air carriers includes all carriers who operate under 14 CFR 121, all scheduled and nonscheduled service. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data. Commuter carriers include all scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data. On-demand air taxi includes all nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135. General aviation includes all operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

The motor vehicle injury data in this table come from the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's General Estimates System (GES). The data from GES are obtained from a nationally representative probability sample selected from all police-reported crashes. The GES sample includes only crashes where a police accident report was completed and the crash resulted in property damage, injury, or death. The resulting figures do not take into account crashes that were not reported to the police or did not result in property damage.

Large trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles.

Other highway includes occupants of other unknown vehicle types and other nonmotorists.

Railroad includes Amtrak. Figures include those injuries resulting from train accidents, train incidents, and nontrain incidents. Injury figures also include occupational illness.

Injuries occurring at highway-rail crossings, listed under railroad, result from freight and passenger rail operations including commuter rail. Highway-rail grade crossing injuries, except train occupants, are counted under highway.

The Federal Railroad Administration defines a grade crossing as a location where a public highway, road, street, or private roadway, including associated sidewalks and pathways, crosses one or more railroad tracks at grade. The Federal Transit Administration defines two types of grade crossings: (1) At grade, mixed, and cross traffic crossings, meaning railway right-of-way over which other traffic moving in the same direction or other cross directions may pass. This includes city street right-of-way; (2) At grade with cross traffic crossings, meaning railway right-of-way over which no other traffic may pass, except to cross at grade-level crossings. This can include median strip rights-of-way with grade level crossings at intersecting streets.

Transit includes motor bus, commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, demand response, van pool, and automated gateway. Transit injuries include those resulting from all reportable incidents, not just from accidents, of Directly Operated (DO) modes only. The drop in the number of injuries in 2002 and subsequently is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration. Only injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable. Previously, any injury was reportable.

Injuries occurring at highway-rail crossings, listed under transit, result from operations of public transit rail modes including commuter rail. Data for injuries at light rail crossings are: 1995 (179); 1996 (171); 1997 (92); 1998 (42); 1999 (148); 2000 (111); 2001 (54); 2002 (76); 2003 (68); 2004 (76); 2005 (80); 2006 (119).

Vessel-related injuries include those involving damage to vessels, such as collisions or groundings. Injuries not related to vessel casualties include those from falls overboard or from accidents involving onboard equipment.

Vessel-related and Not related to vessel casualties data for 1995-1997 come from the Marine Safety Management Information System. Between 1998 and 2001 the U.S. Coast Guard phased in a new computer system to track safety data, the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. During that period data come from combining entries in the Marine Safety Management Information System with entries in the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for 2002 and later come from the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for prior years come from other sources and may not be directly comparable.

SOURCES: Various sources, as cited in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics 2006, table 2-2, available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of September 2007.