TABLE E-5 Hazardous Materials Transportation Incidents: 1990-2006

TABLE E-5 Hazardous Materials Transportation Incidents: 1990-2006

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  1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006
Highway 7,297 12,869 15,063 13,071 13,460 17,128
Accident related 261 257 329 283 322 303
Injuries 311 296 164 155 175 192
Fatalities 8 7 16 13 24 6
Rail 1,279 1,155 1,058 765 745 704
Accident related 48 50 62 46 51 44
Injuries 73 71 82 122 692 24
Fatalities 0 0 0 3 10 0
Air 297 817 1,419 993 1,654 2,410
Accident related 0 0 3 0 9 7
Injuries 39 33 5 11 78 2
Fatalities 0 0 0 0 0 0
Water 7 12 17 17 69 68
Accident related 0 0 0 0 0 0
Injuries 0 0 0 0 0 15
Fatalities 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pipeline            
Liquid 180 188 146 144 138 111
Injuries 7 11 4 16 2 2
Fatalities 3 3 1 5 2 0
Natural gas distribution 109 97 154 176 170 134
Injuries 52 43 59 41 38 25
Fatalities 6 16 22 18 14 16
Natural gas transmission 89 64 80 123 181 143
Injuries 17 10 18 3 7 5
Fatalities 0 2 15 0 0 3

NOTES: Accident related excludes human errors, package failures, and unreported cases. Water data are for incidents involving packaged materials only and do not include incidents where the vessel is the container (e.g., a barge or oil tanker). Nonpipeline reporting requirements changed in 2002.

In previous years, carriers were exclusively responsible for reporting hazardous materials release incidents. In 2005, PHMSA expanding the requirement to report to include the person in physical possession of a hazardous material at the time an incident occurs during transport. Nonrelease incidents involving cargo tanking and undeclared shipments of hazardous materials.

SOURCES: USDOT, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), Hazardous Materials Information System Database. 1990 data-available at http://hazmat.dot.gov/pubs/biennial/ 96_97biennial.rpt.pdf, as of December 2005. 1995-2006 data-available at http://hazmat.dot.gov/pubs/inc/data/2006/2006frm.htm, as of August 2007. Pipeline data-USDOT, PHMSA, Office of Pipeline Safety, available at http://ops.dot.gov/stats/stats.htm as of August 2007.