Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

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  1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007
Total U.S. Resident Population (thousands) 226,546 237,924 248,791 266,278 282,194 295,896 298,755 301,621
Population by age (thousands)                
Under 18 63,754 62,623 63,949 69,464 72,361 73,432 73,668 73,902
18-24 years 30,022 28,902 26,961 25,482 27,312 29,206 29,313 29,492
25-34 years 37,082 41,696 43,174 42,052 39,847 39,955 40,182 40,591
35-44 years 25,634 31,691 37,444 42,711 45,184 43,776 43,555 43,161
45-54 years 22,800 22,460 25,062 31,480 37,997 42,447 43,227 43,875
55-64 years 21,703 22,135 21,116 21,320 24,416 30,334 31,557 32,712
65 and over 25,550 28,415 31,084 33,769 35,078 36,746 37,253 37,888
Population by sex (thousands)                
Male 110,053 115,730 121,284 130,215 138,470 145,649 147,160 148,659
Female 116,493 122,194 127,507 136,063 143,724 150,247 151,595 152,962
Population in Metropolitan areas (millions)                
Large (over 1 million) 119 U 139 147 149 160 161 164
Medium (250,000-999,999) 41 U 41 44 56 59 60 59
Small (less than 250,000) 17 U 18 19 28 28 28 28
Population in Regions (millions)                
Northeast 49.1 49.9 50.8 52.3 54 55 55 55
South 75.4 81.4 85.5 93.2 101 107 109 110
Midwest 58.9 58.8 59.7 62.5 64 66 66 66
West 43.2 47.8 52.8 58.3 63 68 69 70
Immigrants admitted (thousands) 531 570 1,536 720 841 1,122 1,266 1,052
Gross domestic product (billions of chained $ 2000) 5,162 6,054 7,113 8,032 9,817 10,990 11,295 11,524
Civilian labor force (thousands) 106,940 115,461 125,840 132,304 142,583 149,320 151,428 153,124
Participation rate of men (%) 77.4 76.3 76.4 75 74.8 73.3 73.5 73.2
Participation rate of women (%) 51.5 54.5 57.5 58.9 59.9 59.3 59.4 59.3
Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 7.1 7.2 5.6 5.6 4.0 5.1 4.6 4.6
Households (thousands) 80,776 86,789 93,347 98,990 104,705 113,343 114,384 116,011
Average size of households 2.76 2.69 2.63 2.65 2.62 2.57 2.57 2.56
Median household income (constant $ 2007) 42,429 43,402 46,049 46,034 50,557 49,202 49,568 50,233
Average household expenditures (constant $ 2007) U 45,265 45,024 43,896 45,809 49,271 49,776 U

KEY: U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES: Resident population estimates are as of July 1. New metropolitan area definitions were published by the Office of Budget and Management (OMB) in 2003. These definitions were applied to population data by the Census Bureau beginning with the data from the 2000 Census. A new term, core based statistical areas (CBSAs), collectively refers to metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas. A metropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urbanized area of 50,000 or more inhabitants. A micropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urban cluster of more than 10,000 but less than 50,000 inhabitants.

Number of immigrants is based on fiscal year data ending September 30.

Average household expenditures were converted to constant 2007 dollars using the consumer price index.

SOURCES: 1980-1995: U.S. resident population by age, sex and region: U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2007 (Washington, DC: 2007). Population by metropolitan area: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas, table 1, available at http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php as of April 4, 2007.

2000-2007: U.S. resident population; population by age, sex, region, and metropolitan area: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates, National, available at http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php as of Nov. 2008.

Immigrants Admitted: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, Table 1, available at http://www.dhs.gov/ximgtn/statistics/publications/LPR07.shtm as of Nov. 2008.

Gross Domestic Product: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, NIPA Tables, table 1.1.6, available at http://www.bea.gov/national/nipaweb/SelectTable.asp?Selected=N as of Nov. 2008.

Civilian Labor Force, Unemployment Rate, Participation of Men and Women: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Historical Data, Table A-1 and Table AA-7, available at http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsatabs.htm as of Nov. 2008.

Number of households, Average size of households: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Families and Living Arrangements, Detailed Tables, Table AVG-1, available at http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam.html as of Nov. 2008.

Median household income: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of the Census, Historical Income Data, Table H-5, available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/income.html as of Nov., 2008.

Average household expenditures: U.S Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, Average Annual Expenditures, All Consumer Units, available at http://www.bls.gov/data/home.htm as of Nov. 2007.