TABLE 1-2-2 - Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation: 1995-2006

TABLE 1-2-2 - Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation: 1995-2006

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Trillion Btu, domestic activities only

  1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Air                      
Certificated carriers                      
Jet fuel 1,711 1,773 1,831 1,869 1,944 2,007 1,859 1,735 1,749 1,852 1,873 1,819
General aviation                    
Aviation gasoline 35 35 35 37 42 40 34 33 33 33 44 42
Jet fuel 76 82 87 110 131 131 124 127 126 166 196 212
Highway                    
Gasoline, diesel and other fuels                    
Passenger car and motorcycle 8,534 8,677 8,762 8,988 9,187 9,159 9,219 9,458 9,456 9,451 9,701 9,400
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle 5,701 5,919 6,173 6,308 6,607 6,617 6,690 6,903 7,595 7,927 7,359 7,583
Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck 1,278 1,305 1,328 946 1,300 1,326 1,341 1,290 1,110 1,120 1,188 1,230
Combination truck 2,743 2,801 2,816 3,489 3,403 3,560 3,538 3,673 3,303 3,355 3,840 3,386
Bus 134 137 142 144 159 154 142 139 134 189 155 159
Transit                      
Electricity 17 17 17 17 18 19 19 19 19 20 20 20
Motor fuel                      
Diesel 94 96 99 103 106 109 103 100 99 101 101 102
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuels 8 8 7 7 6 6 6 7 6 7 7 9
Compressed natural gas 1 2 3 5 6 8 9 11 14 16 17 20
Rail, Class I (in freight service)                    
Distillate / diesel fuel 483 496 496 497 515 513 515 517 531 563 568 581
Amtrak                        
Electricity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 U U U U U
Distillate / diesel fuel 9 10 10 10 10 11 10 U U U U U
Water                    
Residual fuel oil 881 853 750 841 874 960 810 726 580 702 775 861
Distillate / diesel fuel oil 324 345 357 360 336 314 284 288 307 297 278 264
Gasoline 133 124 123 120 137 141 124 135 138 126 158 155
Pipeline                        
Natural gas 722 734 775 655 665 662 644 688 610 584 602 603

KEY: Btu = British thermal unit, U = Data are unavailable.

NOTES: Certificated carriers are domestic operations only. General aviation includes fuel used in air taxi operations, but not commuter operations.

The following conversion rates were used:
Jet fuel = 135,000 Btu/gallon
Aviation gasoline = 120,200 Btu/gallon
Compressed natural gas = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Distillate fuel = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Automotive gasoline = 125,000 Btu/gallon
Residual fuel oil = 149,700 Btu/gallon
Diesel motor fuel = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Natural gas = 1,031 Btu/ft3
Electricity 1kWh = 3,412 Btu, negating electrical system losses. To include approximate electrical system losses, multiply this conversion factor by 3.

SOURCES: Air: Federal Aviation Administration, Highway: Federal Highway Administration, Transit: American Pubic Transportation Association, Rail: Association of American Railroads, Water: Energy Information Administration and Federal Highway Administration, Pipeline: U. S. Department of Energy as cited in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, table 4-6, available at http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics/ as of January 2009.