TABLE 1-3-1 - Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for the United States: 2007

TABLE 1-3-1 - Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for the United States: 2007

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Estimates are based on preliminary data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive

Mode of transportation 2007 value
(million $)
2007 tons
(thousands)
2007 tonmiles1
(millions)
2007 average miles per shipment
All modes 11,831,503 13,016,610 3,490,806 580
Single modes 9,554,880 12,087,756 2,953,076 213
Truck2 8,363,657 8,957,687 1,390,102 187
For-hire truck 4,764,442 4,029,016 1,011,018 527
Private truck 3,599,215 4,928,670 379,084 82
Rail 387,567 1,928,530 1,294,921 691
Water 106,905 423,282 175,973 330
Shallow draft 95,420 381,566 163,571 284
Great Lakes 705 13,261 4,830 S
Deep draft 10,779 28,455 S 390
Air (included truck and air) 209,611 3,525 4,014 1,299
Pipeline3 487,140 774,732 S S
Multiple modes 1,938,884 626,539 489,767 915
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,597,931 36,029 29,535 914
Truck and rail 197,748 213,411 188,547 1,053
Truck and water 31,112 74,421 48,870 1,347
Rail and water 7,744 44,979 30,444 2,608
Other multiple modes 104,350 257,698 192,372 2,190
Other and unknown modes 337,739 302,315 47,964 149

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
1 Tonmiles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTE: These data are preliminary and are subject to change; they will be superseded by data released in later reports. Value-of-shipment estimates have not been adjusted for price changes.

More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, Preliminary Release, December 2008.