TABLE 2-1-1 - Transportation System Mileage Within the United States: 1995-2006

TABLE 2-1-1 - Transportation System Mileage Within the United States: 1995-2006

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Miles

  Highway Rail Transit Rail Navigable waterways Pipeline
Class I Amtrak Commuter rail Heavy rail Light rail Hazardous liquid Gas
1995 3,912,226 108,264 24,000 4,160 1,458 568 26,000 181,912 1,277,600
1996 3,919,652 105,779 25,000 3,682 1,478 638 26,000 177,535 1,323,600
1997 3,945,872 102,128 25,000 4,417 1,527 659 26,000 179,873 1,331,800
1998 3,906,290 100,570 22,000 5,172 1,527 676 26,000 178,648 1,351,200
1999 3,917,243 99,430 23,000 5,191 1,540 802 26,000 177,463 1,340,300
2000 3,936,222 99,250 23,000 5,209 1,558 834 26,000 176,996 1,369,300
2001 3,948,335 97,817 23,000 5,209 1,572 897 26,000 158,248 1,373,500
2002 3,966,485 100,125 23,000 6,831 1,572 960 26,000 160,990 1,411,400
2003 3,974,107 99,126 22,675 6,809 1,597 996 26,000 159,889 1,424,200
2004 3,981,512 97,662 22,256 6,875 1,596 1,187 26,000 161,670 1,462,300
2005 3,995,635 95,830 22,007 7,118 1,622 1,188 26,000 159,512 1,437,500
2006 4,016,741 94,942 21,708 6,972 1,623 1,280 26,000 169,346 1,534,300

NOTES: Highway includes all public road and street mileage in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Beginning in 1998, approximately 43,000 miles of Bureau of Land Management Roads are excluded. Class I rail data represent miles of road owned (aggregate length of road, excluding yard tracks, sidings, and parallel lines). Portions of Class I freight railroads, Amtrak, and commuter rail networks share common trackage. Amtrakdata represent nondirectional route-miles operated. Some Amtrak service is operated on the right-of-way owned by Amtrak, but the majority of route miles are on right-of-way owned by Class I Freight railroads or commuter rail networks. Transit system length is measured in directional route-miles. Directional route-miles is the distance in each direction over which public transportation vehicles travel while in revenue service. Directional route-miles are computed with regard to direction of service, but without regard to the number of traffic lanes or rail tracks existing in the right-of-way. Beginning in 2002, directional route-mileage data for the commuter and light rail modes include purchased transportation.

Navigable waterways are estimated sums of all domestic waterways, which include rivers, bays, channels, and the inner route of the Southeast Alaskan Islands, but does not include the Great Lakes or deep ocean traffic. The Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center considers 12,000 miles as commercially significant inland shallow-draft waterways in 2007. Hazardous liquid pipeline includes trunk and gathering lines for crude-oil pipeline. Gas pipeline mileage includes transmission, gathering, and distribution.

SOURCES: Highway: Federal Highway Administration, Rail: Association of American Railroads and Amtrak, Transit: Federal Transit Administration, Navigable Waterways: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Pipeline: Office of Pipeline Safety and American Gas Association as cited in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, table 1-1, available at http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics as of January 2009.